green

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See also: gréén, Green, and Green.

English

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Various shades of green

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle English grene, from Old English grēne, grœ̄ne, grœ̄ni (green), from Proto-West Germanic *grōnī, from Proto-Germanic *grōniz (compare North Frisian green, West Frisian grien, Dutch groen, Low German grön, green, greun, German grün, Danish and Norwegian Nynorsk grøn, Swedish grön, Norwegian Bokmål grønn, Icelandic grænn), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰreh₁- (to grow). More at grow.

Adjective

green (comparative greener, superlative greenest)

  1. Having green as its color.
    Synonyms: verdant, vert
    The former flag of Libya is fully green.
  2. (figuratively, of people) Sickly, unwell.
    Sally looks pretty green—is she going to be sick?
  3. Unripe, said of certain fruits that change color when they ripen.
  4. (figuratively) Inexperienced.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:inexperienced
    John's kind of green, so take it easy on him this first week.
    • 1822, , Peveril of the Peak. , volume (please specify |volume=I to IV), Edinburgh: Archibald Constable and Co.; London: Hurst, Robinson, and Co., OCLC 2392685:
      I might be angry with the officious zeal which supposes that its green conceptions can instruct my grey hairs.
    • 2008, Richard R. Rust, Renegade Champion: The Unlikely Rise of Fitzrada (page 91)
      He acted like a green racehorse, plunging over his jumps, tearing to the front of the field of riders.
  5. (figuratively) Full of life and vigour; fresh and vigorous; new; recent.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:new
    a green manhood
    a green wound
  6. (figuratively, of people) Naive or unaware of obvious facts.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:gullible
  7. (figuratively, of people) Overcome with envy.
    He was green with envy.
  8. (figuratively) Environmentally friendly.
    Synonym: eco-friendly
    green energy
    • 2013 May 10, Audrey Garric, “Urban canopies let nature bloom”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 188, number 22, page 30:
      As towns continue to grow, replanting vegetation has become a form of urban utopia and green roofs are spreading fast. Last year 1m square metres of plant-covered roofing was built in France, as much as in the US, and 10 times more than in Germany, the pioneer in this field.
    • 2021 May 18, Jack Ewing; Lauren Hirsch, “The Big Money Is Going Vegan”, in The New York Times, ISSN 0362-4331:
      Oatly said it hoped Blackstone’s investment would inspire other private equity firms “to steer their collective worth of $4 trillion into green investments.”
  9. (cricket) Describing a pitch which, even if there is no visible grass, still contains a significant amount of moisture.
  10. (dated) Of bacon or similar smallgoods: unprocessed, raw, unsmoked; not smoked or spiced.
    Synonyms: raw, unprocessed, unsmoked
  11. (dated) Not fully roasted; half raw.
    • 1725, Isaac Watts, Logick: Or, The Right Use of Reason in the Enquiry after Truth, , 2nd edition, London: John Clark and Richard Hett, , Emanuel Matthews, , and Richard Ford, , published 1726, OCLC 1325830848:
      We say the meat is green when half roasted.
  12. (film, television, historical) Of film: freshly processed by the laboratory and not yet fully physically hardened.
    • 1947, Theatre Catalog (volume 5, page 570)
      Following initial drying of film in a motion picture laboratory (after treatment in a hardening-fixing bath) the gelatin structure of an emulsion contracts and is permanently changed. The hardening action still continues for a time as a further small amount of residual moisture is given up. While traces of excess moisture remain, the emulsion is "green," relatively soft,
    • 1961, American Cinematographer (volume 42, page 618)
      attaching pre-photographed and pre-printed footage of a focusing chart to daily film footage without taking into consideration that such film may be worn or dried out and therefore, in its plane of best focus, would not be identical to that of the green film of the daily rushes.
  13. Of freshly cut wood or lumber that has not been dried: containing moisture and therefore relatively more flexible or springy.
    That timber is still too green to be used.
  14. (wine) High or too high in acidity.
    Synonym: tart
  15. (Philippines) Having a sexual connotation.
  16. (particle physics) Having a color charge of green.
  17. Being or relating to the green currencies of the European Union.
    the green pound
    the green lira
Antonyms
Derived terms

Pages starting with “green”.

Related terms
Descendants
  • Bislama: grin
  • Marshallese: kūriin
  • Tok Pisin: grin
Translations
References
  1. ^ “unsmoked bacon used to be called green bacon, though the term is losing currency” Delia Online: Bacon, including gammon

Etymology 2

From Middle English grene, from the adjective (see above).

Noun

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

green (countable and uncountable, plural greens)

  1. The colour of growing foliage, as well as other plant cells containing chlorophyll; the colour between yellow and blue in the visible spectrum; one of the primary additive colour for transmitted light; the colour obtained by subtracting red and blue from white light using cyan and yellow filters.
    green:  
    bright green :  
    • 2015, Alison Matthews David, Fashion Victims: The Damages of Dress Past and Present, →ISBN, page 81:
      In a period of increasing industrialization and the palette of grey, brown, and black that came to dominate the modern city, greens provided a refreshing contrast, seemingly bringing the outdoors in.
  2. (politics, sometimes capitalised) A member of a green party; an environmentalist.
    Synonyms: environmentalist, (Australian) greenie, tree hugger, treehugger
    Hyponyms: blue green, red green
    • 2013, Joe Smith, What Do Greens Believe?, →ISBN, page 62:
      How have greens sought to map an ecologically and socially sustainable future for society?
  3. (golf) A putting green, the part of a golf course near the hole.
    • 2010, Dan Jenkins, Fairways and Greens, →ISBN, page 233:
      There are eighteen holes but I dare any visitor to find more than, say, twelve fairways and seven or eight greens.
  4. (bowls) The surface upon which bowls is played.
    Synonym: bowling green
  5. (snooker) One of the colour balls used in snooker, with a value of 3 points.
  6. (Britain) a public patch of land in the middle of a settlement.
  7. A grassy plain; a piece of ground covered with verdant herbage.
  8. (chiefly in the plural) Fresh leaves or branches of trees or other plants; wreaths.
  9. Any substance or pigment of a green colour.
  10. A green light used as a signal.
    • 1992, "How to Avoid the Most Embarrassing of Pilot Errors", in Flying Magazine (volume 119, number 6, page 94)
      To the casual cockpit observer, landing-gear operation appears to be one of the most elementary tasks we have to perform. Either the switch is up and the lights are out, or it's down and there are three greens.
  11. (uncountable, slang) Marijuana.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:marijuana
    • 2005, “Drive Slow”, in Late Registration, performed by Kanye West:
      They see me, hoes actin like they seen a king / With that mean lean, smokin on that finest Cali green
  12. (US, slang, uncountable) Money.
  13. (particle physics) One of the three color charges for quarks.
  14. (theater, informal) Short for green room.
    • 2016, Bruce Montague, The Book of Shakespearian Useless Information
      Today, actors say off-handedly, 'See you on the green' or 'I'll be in the green room' without giving the expressions much thought. In Shakespeare's day, actors changed behind the stage in the 'tiring house',
Derived terms
Place names which include "Green"
Related terms
Descendants
Translations

Etymology 3

From Middle English grenen, from Old English grēnian (to become green, flourish), from Proto-Germanic *grōnijōną, *grōnijaną (to become green), from the adjective (see above). Cognate with Saterland Frisian gräinje, German Low German grönen, German grünen, Swedish gröna, Icelandic gróna.

Verb

green (third-person singular simple present greens, present participle greening, simple past and past participle greened)

  1. (transitive) To make (something) green, to turn (something) green.
  2. To become or grow green in colour.
  3. (transitive) To add greenspaces to (a town, etc.).
    • 2000, AIA Guide to New York City (page 58)
      The newer 39-story, 1.5-million-square-foot tower occupies much of the original Shearson Garden, a larger parklet that briefly greened the construction site to be, and is remembered fondly by nearby Tribecans.
  4. (intransitive) To become environmentally aware.
  5. (transitive) To make (something) environmentally friendly.
Synonyms
Derived terms
Translations

See also

  • Appendix:Colors
  • Colors in English · colors, colours (layout · text)
         white      gray, grey      black
                 red; crimson              orange; brown              yellow; cream
                 lime, lime green              green              mint
                 cyan; teal              azure, sky blue              blue
                 violet; indigo              magenta; purple              pink

    Anagrams


    Czech

    Etymology

    From English green.

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    green m

    1. (slang, golf) green (a putting green; the part of a golf course near the hole)

    Usage notes

    Although the official term for the green is jamkoviště, it is rarely used in practice. Instead, unofficial Czech versions of the English word green, variously spelled green, grýn, and grín, are used in practice.

    Declension

    References

    1. ^ “Golf Club Hradec Králové, Jan. 6, 2010”, in (please provide the title of the work), accessed 6 January 2010, archived from the original on 16 May 2010

    Further reading

    • green in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957

    Danish

    Etymology

    From English green.

    Noun

    green c (definite singular greenen, indefinite plural greens, definite plural greenene)

    1. (golf) a green, putting green (the closely mown area surrounding each hole on a golf course)

    Further reading


    Dutch

    Etymology 1

    Borrowed from North Germanic, from Old Norse grǫn.

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    green m (plural grenen)

    1. (obsolete) Scots pine, Pinus sylvestris
      Synonym: grove den
    Derived terms

    Etymology 2

    Borrowed from English green.

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    green m (plural greens)

    1. (golf) green, putting green

    French

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    green m (plural greens)

    1. (golf) green

    German Low German

    Alternative forms

    Adjective

    green

    1. (Low Prussian) green

    Middle English

    Alternative forms

    Etymology

    Borrowed from Old French greer; equivalent to gre +‎ -en (infinitival suffix).

    Pronunciation

    Verb

    green (Late Middle English)

    1. To come to an understanding or agreement.
    2. (rare) To make a compact of reconciliation.

    Conjugation

    Descendants

    References


    North Frisian

    Etymology

    From Old Frisian grēne, from Proto-West Germanic *grōnī, from Proto-Germanic *grōniz.

    Pronunciation

    Adjective

    green

    1. (Föhr-Amrum, Sylt) green

    Norwegian Bokmål

    Noun

    green m (definite singular greenen, indefinite plural greener, definite plural greenene)

    1. (golf) a green, putting green (the closely mown area surrounding each hole on a golf course)

    Norwegian Nynorsk

    Noun

    green m (definite singular greenen, indefinite plural greenar, definite plural greenane)

    1. (golf) a green or putting green (the closely mown area surrounding each hole on a golf course)

    Swedish

    Pronunciation

    Noun

    green c

    1. (golf) a green, putting green (the closely mown area around a hole on a golf course)

    Declension

    Declension of green 
    Singular Plural
    Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
    Nominative green greenen greener greenerna
    Genitive greens greenens greeners greenernas

    Anagrams


    Yola

    Etymology

    From Middle English grene, from Old English grēne, from Proto-West Germanic *grōnī.

    Adjective

    green

    1. green
      • 1867, “A YOLA ZONG”, in SONGS, ETC. IN THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, number 10:
        Oore hart cam' t' oore mouth, an zo w' all ee green;
        Our hearts came to our mouth, and so with all in the green;

    References

    • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 88
    Colors in Yola · (layout · text)
         whit, baun      gry      bhlock, blaak
                 reed              yulloureed              yullou, buee
                 *leem green              green              *meente
                 blúegreen              *asure              blúe
                              purple              rowse