K

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K U+004B, K
LATIN CAPITAL LETTER K
J
Basic Latin L
U+212A, K
KELVIN SIGN

Letterlike Symbols
U+FF2B, K
FULLWIDTH LATIN CAPITAL LETTER K

Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms

Translingual

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology

From the Etruscan letter 𐌊 (k, ka), from the Ancient Greek letter Κ (K, kappa), derived from the Phoenician letter 𐤊(k, kap), from the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓂧.

Letter

K (lower case k)

  1. The eleventh letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also

Symbol

K

  1. (chemistry) Symbol for potassium (Latin kalium).
  2. Symbol for kelvin, the SI unit of thermodynamic temperature.
  3. (biochemistry) IUPAC 1-letter abbreviation for lysine.
  4. (geology) Symbol for hydraulic conductivity.
  5. Abbreviation of kilo (thousand).
    5k = 5,000
  6. (radio slang) over, waiting for reply
  7. (linguistics) A wildcard for a velar consonant

Usage notes

The Unicode Standard states that K (U+212A KELVIN SIGN) is included in Unicode only for backward compatibility reasons. To represent kelvin, K (U+004B LATIN CAPITAL LETTER K) is preferred.

Gallery

See also

Other representations of K:

English

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

  • (name of letter) IPA(key): /keɪ/,
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪ

Letter

K (upper case, lower case k, plural Ks or K's)

  1. The eleventh letter of the English alphabet, called kay and written in the Latin script.
    • 1876, "C" in the Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th ed., Vol. IV, p. 616:
      The symbol K, however, was not entirely lost; it is found irregularly in inscriptions of all dates down to the times of the empire, and regularly as an initial abbreviation of Kalendæ, Karthago, Kæso (the proper name).
See also

Number

K (upper case, lower case k)

  1. The ordinal number eleventh, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called kay and written in the Latin script.

Etymology 2

Abbreviations.

  1. (stenoscript) Abbreviation of counter, prefix counter-, sequence contr.

Noun

K (plural Ks)

  1. (law, informal) Abbreviation of contract.
  2. (education, US) Abbreviation of kindergarten.
    "K-8" is Kindergarten through eighth grade.
  3. (often computing) Abbreviation of kilo-, 1,024.
    5k = 5,000
  4. (computing) A single character message used as an acknowledgement (ACK), meaning "previous message received and understood."
  5. (Morse code) Abbreviation of go ahead, over, an indication that a message is complete and a reply is awaited.
  6. (baseball) Abbreviation of strikeout. On a baseball scorecard, a frontwards K signifies striking out while swinging the bat, while a backwards K signifies striking out while looking.
  7. (card games, chess) Abbreviation of king.
  8. (biology) Abbreviation of carrying capacity.
  9. (geology) Abbreviation of Cretaceous.
  10. (knitting) Abbreviation of knit.
    • 1855, Godey's Magazine, volume 51, page 71:
      Knit 3, p 1, k 2, purl 1, k 2, m 1, k 2 together, k 1.
  11. (slang) Abbreviation of ketamine (a drug).
    • 1978, John C. Lilly, “Seduction by K”, in The Scientist, Philadelphia: Lippincott, →ISBN, page 167:
      At high levels of concentration of K in the blood, the observer/operator is cut off from his interlock with e.r., including the human consensus reality.
  12. (music) Abbreviation of Köchel number.
    Die Zauberflöte, K. 620
  13. (UK, government) Abbreviation of Knighthood.
  14. (economics) Abbreviation of capital.
  15. (printing) Abbreviation of black.
  16. (slang, from Jamaican Creole) Abbreviation of Kalashnikov.
    • 2011 August 16, “My People”‎performed by Kendrick Lamar,Jay Rock:
      We used to run from the KKK but now we running from our brothers that be holding them K's.
    • 2018 October 16, “Demon Boy”, performed by Slowthai:
      Yeti in the Serengeti, believe the myth. K-man stupid, rub together sticks.
    • 2019 November 22, “Payback” (track 11), in Netflix&Deal, performed by 03 Greedo, Kenny Beats, OhGeesy, and Judge:
      Keep the chopper, I'ma spray that. This is an AR, don't keep the K, man.
    • 2021 November 19, “Pink 3 Remix”‎performed by PCAJAY:
      You come to my trap, bitch, you better knock. I keep a 'K and these bullets gon' flock.
    • 2022 June 4, “OVO”‎performed by Big Yavo:
      A fuck nigga diss GG, he get hit with a K. I'll be back in the morning, just went to the A.
    • 2022 September 25, “Dork”‎performed by Aeterluv:
      Bitch ass nigga get rocked. I walk in da trap with a Glock and a K in my sock. U fag ass nigga get popped. U a gay lil dumb ahh nigga came from TikTok. I'mma talk my shi won't stop. Bitch u all on my dick for a drop, nigga get off my cock.
  17. Abbreviation of kritik.
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 3

Clipping of OK.

Interjection

K

  1. (colloquial, text messaging, Internet slang) OK
    Synonym: 'kay
    • 2019, Justin Blackburn, The Bisexual Christian Suburban Failure Enlightening Bipolar Blues, page 23:
      K, dad, I'll go to my room.
Usage notes

"K" usually implies apathy or anger towards the statement it is responding to, in a more emphatic way than "k".

References

  1. ^ “Youthsplaining: You’ve Been Texting the Word “Okay” Wrong”, in Inside Hook, 19 July 2019

Afar

Letter

K

  1. The seventh letter in the Afar alphabet.

See also

Afrikaans

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /kɑː/

Letter

K (upper case, lower case k)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Afrikaans alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

Noun

K (plural K's, diminutive K'tjie)

  1. K

Angami

Letter

K

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Angami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

Azerbaijani

Letter

K upper case (lower case k)

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

Basque

Pronunciation

Letter

K (upper case, lower case k)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Basque alphabet, called ka and written in the Latin script.

See also

Central Franconian

Etymology

  • /k/ is from West Germanic stem-initial or geminated *k; from *k in nk, lk, rk; in most of Moselle Franconian from *gg.

Pronunciation

Letter

K

  1. A letter in the German-based alphabet of Central Franconian.
  2. A letter in the Dutch-based alphabet of Central Franconian.

Usage notes

Chinese

Etymology 1

Pronunciation


Verb

K

  1. Alternative form of (to beat; to scold; to fight)

Etymology 2

Pronunciation


Noun

K

  1. Short for 卡拉OK (kǎlā'ōukèi, “karaoke”).
    K [Shanghainese]  ―  5tshaon-khe-su [Wugniu]  ―  karaoke bar
Derived terms

Etymology 3

Initialism of (kuò), based on its pinyin.

Pronunciation

This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Verb

K

  1. (Internet slang) to repost

Etymology 4

From English K, abbreviation of ketamine.

Pronunciation


Noun

K

  1. (slang) ketamine
Derived terms

Etymology 5

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation


Numeral

K

  1. thousand; kilo

Noun

K

  1. kilometre
  2. kilogram

Etymology 6

Abbreviation of English kilobyte.

Pronunciation


Classifier

K

  1. (computing, informal) kilobyte

Etymology 7

From English K, abbreviation of karat.

Alternative forms

Pronunciation


Noun

K

  1. karat

Etymology 8

Pronunciation

Noun

K

  1. (Cantonese) Alternative form of (ke1, poop)

Etymology 9

From the letter K of the English pattern playing cards. In the spoken language, its name is generally a borrowing from English king into the related dialect.

Pronunciation


Noun

K

  1. (card games) king (Classifier: ; )

Etymology 10

Pronunciation 1


Letter

K

  1. The eleventh letter of the Latin alphabet.

Pronunciation 2


Letter

K

  1. The eleventh letter used in Pinyin.
Usage notes
  • 《汉语拼音方案》 defines a standard pronunciation for each letter. However, these pronunciations are rarely used in education; another pronunciation is commonly used instead.
  • The pronunciation above are only used while referring to letters in Pinyin. They are not used in other context (such as English).

Chipewyan

Pronunciation

  1. IPA(key): /kʰ/

Letter

K (lower case k)

  1. A letter of the Chipewyan alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Dutch

Pronunciation

Letter

K (capital, lowercase k)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See also

  • Previous letter: J
  • Next letter: L

Elfdalian

Alternative forms

Letter

K (upper case K, lower case k)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Elfdalian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Esperanto

Pronunciation

Letter

K (upper case, lower case k)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called ko and written in the Latin script.

See also

Conjunction

K

  1. (text messaging) Abbreviation of kaj (and).

Estonian

Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

Letter

K (upper case, lower case k)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Estonian alphabet, called kaa and written in the Latin script.

See also

Finnish

Etymology

The Finnish orthography using the Latin script was based on Swedish, German and Latin, and was first used in the mid-16th century. No earlier script is known. See the Wikipedia article on Finnish for more information, and K for information on the development of the glyph itself.

Letter

K (upper case, lower case k)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Finnish alphabet, called koo and written in the Latin script.

See also

German

Pronunciation

Letter

K (upper case, lower case k)

  1. The eleventh letter of the German alphabet.

Usage notes

  • Doubling of k normally yields ck, but loanwords with original cc are excepted. These are integrated with kk (Akkusativ, Mokka) or retain the original spelling (Account, Piccolo).

Hungarian

Compass rose

Etymology 1

Abbreviation of kelet (east).

Pronunciation

Noun

K

  1. E (east)
Declension
Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative K
accusative K-et
dative K-nek
instrumental K-tel
causal-final K-ért
translative K-té
terminative K-ig
essive-formal K-ként
essive-modal
inessive K-ben
superessive K-en
adessive K-nél
illative K-be
sublative K-re
allative K-hez
elative K-ből
delative K-ről
ablative K-től
non-attributive
possessive - singular
K-é
non-attributive
possessive - plural
K-éi
Possessive forms of K
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. K-em
2nd person sing. K-ed
3rd person sing. K-e
K-je
1st person plural K-ünk
2nd person plural K-etek
3rd person plural K-ük
K-jük
Coordinate terms

(compass points) égtájak;

északnyugat (ÉNy) észak (É) északkelet (ÉK)
nyugat (Ny) kelet (K)
délnyugat (DNy) dél (D) délkelet (DK)

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

Letter

K (upper case, lower case k)

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.
Declension
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative K K-k
accusative K-t K-kat
dative K-nak K-knak
instrumental K-val K-kkal
causal-final K-ért K-kért
translative K-vá K-kká
terminative K-ig K-kig
essive-formal K-ként K-kként
essive-modal
inessive K-ban K-kban
superessive K-n K-kon
adessive K-nál K-knál
illative K-ba K-kba
sublative K-ra K-kra
allative K-hoz K-khoz
elative K-ból K-kból
delative K-ról K-król
ablative K-tól K-któl
non-attributive
possessive - singular
K-é K-ké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
K-éi K-kéi
Possessive forms of K
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. K-m K-im
2nd person sing. K-d K-id
3rd person sing. K-ja K-i
1st person plural K-nk K-ink
2nd person plural K-tok K-itok
3rd person plural K-juk K-ik

See also

Ido

Pronunciation

Letter

K (lower case k)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

Indonesian

Pronunciation

Letter

K (upper case, lower case k)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Indonesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

Italian

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Pronunciation

  • (letter name) IPA(key): /ˈkap.pa/
  • (phonemic realization) IPA(key): /k/

Letter

K f or m (invariable, upper case, lower case k)

  1. the eleventh letter of the Latin alphabet, called cappa or kappa in Italian

Usage notes

  • The letter K is not considered part of the Italian alphabet and is found only in loanwords.

See also

Jamaican Creole

Jamaican Creole Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia jam

Noun

K (plural Ks)

  1. Abbreviation of Kalashnikov.
    • 2002 November 12, “Like Glue” (track 4), in Dutty Rock, performed by Sean Paul:
      One ting me haffi tell dem, Dutty got di woody woody. Frontway, backway, dutty K-man have di shooby shooby.
      One thing I have to tell them, I've got an erection, Forwards, backwards, the dirty gunman wielding a Kalashnikov has to shove it, shove it.
    • 2007 January 1, “Ay Ya Ay Ya” (track 14), in Riddim Driven: Shadowz (2008), performed by Blak Rino:
      Any bwoy diss di link make di paper. Di 'K full him of hole like strainer
      If any boy cuts out the middle man to make money then the AK will fill him up with holes like a strainer.
    • 2008 September 12, “Weh Dem A Go” (track 46), in Jamaican Style, Vol.3, performed by Vybz Kartel,Jah Vinci:
      Dem shoulda memba say di Haskell a spray, di sixpance a play. Weh dem a guh wid dem Chiney K?
      They should remember that the Haskell(Hi-Point) 45 ACP Semi-auto Pistol sprays (bullets), the six-shooter will play. Where are they going with their (imitation) Chinese Kalashnikovs?
    • 2008 December 27, “Last Man Standing” (track 24), in Pon Di Gaza 2.0, performed by Vybz Kartel:
      Me get a K from Vagga from De La Vega weh mek Chiney man skin black like naega
      I get a Kalashnikov from my friend Vagga from De La Vega which makes a Chinese man's skin black like a nigga's.
    • 2008, “Chiney K” (track 18), in Gaza vs Gully EP Part 1, performed by Mavado:
      Inna middle day, gun play. Bad man ah beat di Chiney K. Night turn to day, all mama pray. Dem ah beat di Chiney K.
      In the middle of the day, there's gun play. Bad men shoot the Chinese imitation Kalashnikovs. Night turns to day, all mothers pray. They shoot the Chinese (imitation) Kalashnikovs.

Kashubian

Etymology

The Kashubian orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the Kashubian alphabet article on Wikipedia for more, and K for development of the glyph itself.

Letter

K (upper case, lower case k)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Kashubian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

Latvian

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation

(file)

Letter

K

K (upper case, lower case k)

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Latvian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also

Malay

Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms

Pronunciation

  • (Name of letter) IPA(key):
  • (Phoneme, Syllable initial) IPA(key):
  • (Phoneme 1, Syllable final) IPA(key):
  • (Phoneme 2, Syllable final) IPA(key):

Letter

K

  1. The eleventh letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

Nupe

Pronunciation

Letter

K (upper case, lower case k)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Nupe alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

Polish

Etymology

The Polish orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the history of Polish orthography article on Wikipedia for more, and K for development of the glyph itself.

Pronunciation

Letter

K (upper case, lower case k)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Polish alphabet, called ka and written in the Latin script.

See also

Portuguese

Pronunciation

Letter

K (upper case, lower case k)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

Romani

Pronunciation

Letter

K (upper case, lower case k)

  1. (International Standard) The fourteenth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. (Pan-Vlax) The fifteenth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

Romanian

Pronunciation

Letter

K (upper case, lower case k)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Romanian alphabet, called ca or capa and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

Used only in loanwords and some proper nouns.

See also

Saanich

Pronunciation

Letter

K

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Saanich alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

Silesian

Etymology

The Silesian orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the Silesian language article on Wikipedia for more, and K for development of the glyph itself.

Letter

K (upper case, lower case k)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Silesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

Skolt Sami

Pronunciation

Letter

K (lower case k)

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

Slovene

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Letter

K (capital, lowercase k)

  1. The 12th letter of the Slovene alphabet. Preceded by J and followed by L.

Somali

Pronunciation

Letter

K upper case (lower case k)

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Somali alphabet, called kaaf and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Somali alphabet, which follows Arabic abjad order. It is preceded by Q and followed by L.

See also

Spanish

Etymology 1

Letter

K (upper case, lower case k)

  1. the eleventh letter of the Spanish alphabet

Etymology 2

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Adjective

K

  1. (Argentina) Abbreviation of kirchnerista.
    Antonyms: anti-K, antikirchnerista

Swedish

Basement level.

Pronunciation

Letter name
Phoneme

Letter

K (upper case, lower case k)

  1. the eleventh letter of the Swedish alphabet

Symbol

K

  1. (SAB system) history
    Meronyms: K.2, K.3, K.4, K.5, K.6, Kc, Kd, Ke, Kf, Kg, Kh, Ki, Kj, Kk, Kl, Km, Kn, Ko, Kt, Ku, Kv, Ky
  2. (dated, county letter) Blekinge
    Synonym: 10
  3. (dated, 1941) type of beredskapskort (readiness ration card) valid until ration cards for any of the individual items are made
    Coordinate terms: A, U, X

Abbreviations

  1. Abbreviation of källare, källarplan or källarvåning (basement level).
  2. (card games) Abbreviation of kung (king).
    Coordinate terms: D (queen), Kn (knight), E (ace)
  3. Abbreviation of kallt (cold).
    Antonym: V (“warm”)
  4. Abbreviation of kylskåp (refrigerator).
    Coordinate term: F (“freezer”)
  5. Abbreviation of kontor (office; office space).
  6. Abbreviation of kombinationsbrunn or kopplingsbrunn (connection vault).
    Coordinate terms: A (“sewage”), BP (“fire hydrant”), D (“urban runnoff”), R (“cleaning well”), V (“water main”)
  7. Abbreviation of kulvert (culvert).
  8. Abbreviation of kultur (culture).
  9. Abbreviation of klubb (club; association).
  10. (military) Abbreviation of kavalleri (cavalry).

Tagalog

Etymology

From Spanish K. Each pronunciation has a different source:

  • Filipino alphabet pronunciation is influenced by English K.
  • Abakada alphabet pronunciation is influenced by Baybayin character (ka).
  • Abecedario pronunciation is from Spanish K.

The use of ⟨K⟩ instead of using the Spanish-based ⟨C⟩ and ⟨Q⟩ was promoted in the late 19th century primarily by the educated (such as José Rizal and Trinidad Pardo de Tavera) because of the Baybayin character primarily being applicable to all vowels, as well as the ease of usage with Tagalog grammar rules. Its order in the Abakada alphabet was due to the order of the similar sounding ⟨C⟩ in the Spanish alphabet.

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: K
  • (letter name, Filipino alphabet): IPA(key): /kej/,
  • (letter name, Abakada alphabet, Abecedario): IPA(key): /ka/,
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /k/,
  • (phoneme, intervocalic): IPA(key): /k/,
  • Rhymes: -ej, -a

Letter

K (upper case, lower case k, Baybayin spelling ᜃᜒᜌ᜔)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Tagalog alphabet (Filipino alphabet), called key and written in the Latin script.

See also

Letter

K (upper case, lower case k, Baybayin spelling )

  1. The third letter of the Tagalog alphabet (Abakada alphabet), called ka and written in the Latin script.
  2. (historical) The twelfth letter of the Tagalog alphabet (Abecedario), called ka and written in the Latin script.

Further reading

  • K”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila: Sentro ng Wikang Filipino, 2018
  • Thomas, Megan C. (2007), “K Is for De-Kolonization: Anti-Colonial Nationalism and Orthographic Reform”, in Comparative Studies in Society and History, volume 49, issue 4, →ISSN, page 938–967

Turkish

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /c/, /k/
  • (letter name): IPA(key): (standard) /ceː/, /kaː/

Letter

K (upper case, lower case k)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called ke and written in the Latin script.

See also

Vietnamese

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Portuguese K or French K.

Letter

K (upper case, lower case k)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Vietnamese alphabet, called ca and written in the Latin script.

See also

Etymology 2

From English K, from Kelvin.

Noun

K

  1. K (Kelvin)
Usage notes

Etymology 3

Noun

K

  1. cancer

Yoruba

Pronunciation

Letter

K (upper case, lower case k)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Yoruba alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also

Zulu

Letter

K (upper case, lower case k)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also