alkali

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See also: Alkali, alkáli, and alƙali

English

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology

From French alcali, ultimately from Arabic اَلْقِلْي (al-qily, alkali, ashes of the saltwort), related to قَلَى (qalā, to roast in a pan, fry).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈæl.kəˌlaɪ/, enPR: ălʹkə-lī'
  • (file)

Noun

alkali (countable and uncountable, plural alkalis or alkalies)

  1. (chemistry) One of a class of caustic bases, such as soda, soda ash, caustic soda, potash, ammonia, and lithia, whose distinguishing characteristics are dissolving in alcohol and water, uniting with oils and fats to form soap, neutralizing and forming salts with acids, turning to brown several vegetable yellows, and changing reddened litmus to blue.
  2. (Western US) Soluble mineral matter, other than common salt, contained in soils of natural waters.

Synonyms

Antonyms

  • (antonym(s) of "chemistry"): acid

Derived terms

Related terms

Descendants

  • Welsh: alcali

Translations

See also

Afrikaans

Pronunciation

Noun

alkali (plural alkalis or alkalië)

  1. (chemistry) alkali

Synonyms

Antonyms

Derived terms

Danish

Etymology

From Arabic اَلْقِلْي (al-qily).

Noun

alkali n (singular definite alkaliet, plural indefinite alkalier)

  1. (chemistry) an alkali

Related terms

References

Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin , from Arabic اَلْقِلْي (al-qily).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˌɑlˈkaː.li/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: al‧ka‧li

Noun

alkali n (plural alkaliën)

  1. (chemistry) alkali

Synonyms

Antonyms

Derived terms

Finnish

Etymology

Internationalism (see French alcali).

Pronunciation

Noun

alkali

  1. (chemistry) Synonym of emäs.

Usage notes

  • In Finnish alkali refers to bases in general. In English, it usually refers to a subgroup of bases as defined in the English section of this article.

Declension

Inflection of alkali (Kotus type 6/paperi, no gradation)
nominative alkali alkalit
genitive alkalin alkalien
alkaleiden
alkaleitten
partitive alkalia alkaleita
alkaleja
illative alkaliin alkaleihin
singular plural
nominative alkali alkalit
accusative nom. alkali alkalit
gen. alkalin
genitive alkalin alkalien
alkaleiden
alkaleitten
partitive alkalia alkaleita
alkaleja
inessive alkalissa alkaleissa
elative alkalista alkaleista
illative alkaliin alkaleihin
adessive alkalilla alkaleilla
ablative alkalilta alkaleilta
allative alkalille alkaleille
essive alkalina alkaleina
translative alkaliksi alkaleiksi
abessive alkalitta alkaleitta
instructive alkalein
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of alkali (Kotus type 6/paperi, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative alkalini alkalini
accusative nom. alkalini alkalini
gen. alkalini
genitive alkalini alkalieni
alkaleideni
alkaleitteni
partitive alkaliani alkaleitani
alkalejani
inessive alkalissani alkaleissani
elative alkalistani alkaleistani
illative alkaliini alkaleihini
adessive alkalillani alkaleillani
ablative alkaliltani alkaleiltani
allative alkalilleni alkaleilleni
essive alkalinani alkaleinani
translative alkalikseni alkaleikseni
abessive alkalittani alkaleittani
instructive
comitative alkaleineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative alkalisi alkalisi
accusative nom. alkalisi alkalisi
gen. alkalisi
genitive alkalisi alkaliesi
alkaleidesi
alkaleittesi
partitive alkaliasi alkaleitasi
alkalejasi
inessive alkalissasi alkaleissasi
elative alkalistasi alkaleistasi
illative alkaliisi alkaleihisi
adessive alkalillasi alkaleillasi
ablative alkaliltasi alkaleiltasi
allative alkalillesi alkaleillesi
essive alkalinasi alkaleinasi
translative alkaliksesi alkaleiksesi
abessive alkalittasi alkaleittasi
instructive
comitative alkaleinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative alkalimme alkalimme
accusative nom. alkalimme alkalimme
gen. alkalimme
genitive alkalimme alkaliemme
alkaleidemme
alkaleittemme
partitive alkaliamme alkaleitamme
alkalejamme
inessive alkalissamme alkaleissamme
elative alkalistamme alkaleistamme
illative alkaliimme alkaleihimme
adessive alkalillamme alkaleillamme
ablative alkaliltamme alkaleiltamme
allative alkalillemme alkaleillemme
essive alkalinamme alkaleinamme
translative alkaliksemme alkaleiksemme
abessive alkalittamme alkaleittamme
instructive
comitative alkaleinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative alkalinne alkalinne
accusative nom. alkalinne alkalinne
gen. alkalinne
genitive alkalinne alkalienne
alkaleidenne
alkaleittenne
partitive alkalianne alkaleitanne
alkalejanne
inessive alkalissanne alkaleissanne
elative alkalistanne alkaleistanne
illative alkaliinne alkaleihinne
adessive alkalillanne alkaleillanne
ablative alkaliltanne alkaleiltanne
allative alkalillenne alkaleillenne
essive alkalinanne alkaleinanne
translative alkaliksenne alkaleiksenne
abessive alkalittanne alkaleittanne
instructive
comitative alkaleinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative alkalinsa alkalinsa
accusative nom. alkalinsa alkalinsa
gen. alkalinsa
genitive alkalinsa alkaliensa
alkaleidensa
alkaleittensa
partitive alkaliaan
alkaliansa
alkaleitaan
alkalejaan
alkaleitansa
alkalejansa
inessive alkalissaan
alkalissansa
alkaleissaan
alkaleissansa
elative alkalistaan
alkalistansa
alkaleistaan
alkaleistansa
illative alkaliinsa alkaleihinsa
adessive alkalillaan
alkalillansa
alkaleillaan
alkaleillansa
ablative alkaliltaan
alkaliltansa
alkaleiltaan
alkaleiltansa
allative alkalilleen
alkalillensa
alkaleilleen
alkaleillensa
essive alkalinaan
alkalinansa
alkaleinaan
alkaleinansa
translative alkalikseen
alkaliksensa
alkaleikseen
alkaleiksensa
abessive alkalittaan
alkalittansa
alkaleittaan
alkaleittansa
instructive
comitative alkaleineen
alkaleinensa

Derived terms

Related terms

Further reading

Hausa

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʔàl.káː.líː/
    • (Standard Kano Hausa) IPA(key):

Noun

àlkālī m (plural àlkā̀lai, possessed form àlkālin)

  1. Alternative form of alƙali

Indonesian

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology

From Dutch alkali, from French alcali, ultimately from Arabic اَلْقِلْي (al-qily, alkali, ashes of the saltwort), related to قَلَى (qalā, to roast in a pan, fry).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /alˈka.li/
  • Hyphenation: al‧ka‧li

Noun

alkali (first-person possessive alkaliku, second-person possessive alkalimu, third-person possessive alkalinya)

  1. (chemistry) alkali, a group of bases from alkali metal group.
  2. (chemistry) base, any of a class of generally water-soluble compounds, having bitter taste, that turn red litmus blue, and react with acids to form salts.
    Synonym: basa

Further reading

Norwegian Bokmål

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology

From Arabic اَلْقِلْي (al-qily).

Noun

alkali n (definite singular alkaliet, indefinite plural alkali or alkalier, definite plural alkalia or alkaliene)

  1. (chemistry) an alkali

Derived terms

References

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Arabic اَلْقِلْي (al-qily).

Noun

alkali n (definite singular alkaliet, indefinite plural alkali, definite plural alkalia)

  1. (chemistry) an alkali

Derived terms

References

Polish

Etymology

Borrowed from French alcali or Spanish álcali, from Arabic الْقِلْي (al-qily).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /alˈka.li/
  • Rhymes: -ali
  • Syllabification: al‧ka‧li

Noun

alkali n (indeclinable)

  1. Obsolete form of alkalia.

References

  1. ^ Mirosław Bańko, Lidia Wiśniakowska (2021) “alkali”, in Wielki słownik wyrazów obcych, →ISBN

Further reading

  • alkali in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Swahili

Etymology

Borrowed from English alkali.

Pronunciation

Noun

alkali (n class, plural alkali)

  1. alkali

Swedish

Etymology

From Arabic اَلْقِلْي (al-qily).

Noun

alkali c

  1. (chemistry) an alkali

Declension

Declension of alkali 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative alkali alkalien alkalier alkalierna
Genitive alkalis alkaliens alkaliers alkaliernas

Synonyms

Related terms

Turkish

Noun

alkali (definite accusative alkaliyi, plural alkaliler)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Declension

Inflection
Nominative alkali
Definite accusative alkaliyi
Singular Plural
Nominative alkali alkaliler
Definite accusative alkaliyi alkalileri
Dative alkaliye alkalilere
Locative alkalide alkalilerde
Ablative alkaliden alkalilerden
Genitive alkalinin alkalilerin
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular alkalim alkalilerim
2nd singular alkalin alkalilerin
3rd singular alkalisi alkalileri
1st plural alkalimiz alkalilerimiz
2nd plural alkaliniz alkalileriniz
3rd plural alkalileri alkalileri
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular alkalimi alkalilerimi
2nd singular alkalini alkalilerini
3rd singular alkalisini alkalilerini
1st plural alkalimizi alkalilerimizi
2nd plural alkalinizi alkalilerinizi
3rd plural alkalilerini alkalilerini
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular alkalime alkalilerime
2nd singular alkaline alkalilerine
3rd singular alkalisine alkalilerine
1st plural alkalimize alkalilerimize
2nd plural alkalinize alkalilerinize
3rd plural alkalilerine alkalilerine
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular alkalimde alkalilerimde
2nd singular alkalinde alkalilerinde
3rd singular alkalisinde alkalilerinde
1st plural alkalimizde alkalilerimizde
2nd plural alkalinizde alkalilerinizde
3rd plural alkalilerinde alkalilerinde
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular alkalimden alkalilerimden
2nd singular alkalinden alkalilerinden
3rd singular alkalisinden alkalilerinden
1st plural alkalimizden alkalilerimizden
2nd plural alkalinizden alkalilerinizden
3rd plural alkalilerinden alkalilerinden
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular alkalimin alkalilerimin
2nd singular alkalinin alkalilerinin
3rd singular alkalisinin alkalilerinin
1st plural alkalimizin alkalilerimizin
2nd plural alkalinizin alkalilerinizin
3rd plural alkalilerinin alkalilerinin

References

  • alkali”, in Turkish dictionaries, Türk Dil Kurumu