bar

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U+3374, ㍴
SQUARE BAR

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English

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle English barre, from Old French barre (beam, bar, gate, barrier), from Vulgar Latin *barra, of uncertain origin. Doublet of barre.

Noun

bar (countable and uncountable, plural bars)

Two steel bars
A toll bar in Romania
  1. A solid, more or less rigid object of metal or wood with a uniform cross-section smaller than its length.
    The window was protected by steel bars.
  2. (countable, uncountable, metallurgy) A solid metal object with uniform (round, square, hexagonal, octagonal or rectangular) cross-section; in the US its smallest dimension is 14 inch or greater, a piece of thinner material being called a strip.
    Ancient Sparta used iron bars instead of handy coins in more valuable alloy, to physically discourage the use of money.
    We are expecting a carload of bar tomorrow.
  3. A cuboid piece of any solid commodity.
    bar of chocolate
    bar of soap
  4. A broad shaft, band, or stripe.
    a bar of light
    a bar of colour
  5. A long, narrow drawn or printed rectangle, cuboid or cylinder, especially as used in a bar code or a bar chart.
  6. (typography) Any of various lines used as punctuation or diacritics, such as the pipe ⟨|⟩, fraction bar (as in 12), and strikethrough (as in Ⱥ), formerly (obsolete) including oblique marks such as the slash.
    Hyponyms: pipe, strikethrough, macron
  7. (mathematics) The sign indicating that the characteristic of a logarithm is negative, conventionally placed above the digit(s) to show that it applies to the characteristic only and not to the mantissa.
  8. (physics) A similar sign indicating that the charge on a particle is the negative of its usual value (and that consequently the particle is in fact an antiparticle).
  9. A business selling alcoholic drinks for consumption on the premises, or the premises themselves; a public house.
    Synonyms: barroom, ginshop, (British) pub, public house, tavern; see also Thesaurus:pub
    The street was lined with all-night bars.
  10. The counter of such premises.
    Synonym: wet bar
    Step up to the bar and order a drink.
  11. A counter, or simply a cabinet, from which alcoholic drinks are served in a private house or a hotel room.
  12. (by extension, in combination) Premises or a counter serving any type of beverage.
    coffee bar; juice bar
  13. An informal establishment selling food to be consumed on the premises.
    a burger bar
    a local fish bar
  14. An establishment offering cosmetic services.
    a nail bar; a brow bar
  15. An official order or pronouncement that prohibits some activity.
    Synonyms: ban, prohibition
    The club has lifted its bar on women members.
  16. Anything that obstructs, hinders, or prevents; an obstruction; a barrier.
    • 1675, John Dryden, Aureng-zebe: A Tragedy. , London: T N for Henry Herringman, , published 1676, →OCLC, Act V, page 83:
      Muſt I new bars to my own joy create?
    • 2013, Terence Dillon, A Long Way Home, page 184:
      Mr Harding could look back on his initial judgement of Paul's talent with great satisfaction while Paul could reflect that to be Irish was not necessarily a bar to progress.
  17. (programming, derived from fubar) A metasyntactic variable representing an unspecified entity, often the second in a series, following foo.
    Suppose we have four objects, foo, bar, baz and quux.
  18. (UK, Parliament) A dividing line (physical or notional) in the chamber of a legislature beyond which only members and officials may pass.
  19. (UK, law) The railing surrounding the part of a courtroom in which the judges, lawyers, defendants and witnesses stay.
  20. (US, Philippines, law, usually with the) The bar exam, the legal licensing exam.
    He's studying hard to pass the Bar this time; he's failed it twice before.
  21. (law, metonymically, "the Bar", "the bar") Collectively, lawyers or the legal profession; specifically applied to barristers in some countries, but including all lawyers in others.
    He was called to the bar, he became a barrister.
  22. (telecommunications, electronics) One of an array of bar-shaped symbols that display the level of something, such as wireless signal strength or battery life remaining.
    I don't have any bars in the middle of this desert.
  23. (music) A vertical line across a musical staff dividing written music into sections, typically of equal durational value.
  24. (music) One of those musical sections.
    Synonym: measure
  25. (sports) A horizontal pole that must be crossed in the high jump and pole vault.
  26. (figurative) Any level of achievement regarded as a challenge to be overcome.
  27. (soccer, most codes) The crossbar.
    • 2010 December 29, Chris Whyatt, “Chelsea 1 - 0 Bolton”, in BBC:
      Composed play then saw Sam Ricketts nutmeg Ashley Cole before Taylor whipped a fine curling effort over Petr Cech's bar.
  28. (backgammon) The central divider between the inner and outer table of a backgammon board, where stones are placed if they are hit.
  29. An addition to a military medal, on account of a subsequent act.
  30. (geography, nautical, hydrology) A ridge or succession of ridges of sand or other substance; especially:
    1. A linear shoaling landform feature within a body of water; a formation extending across the mouth of a river or harbor or off a beach, and which may obstruct navigation. (FM 55-501).
      Synonym: bank
      Hyponym: sandbar
      • 1868, “Route 20: London to Tiflis ”, in Handbook for Travellers in Russia, Poland, and Finland, 2nd edition, London: John Murray, page 320:
        Travellers change at Batoum into a steamer which performs the service between that port and Poti, and which has a less draught of water to enable it to cross the bar of the river Rion.
  31. (heraldry) One of the ordinaries in heraldry; a diminutive of a fess.
    Coordinate terms: barrulet, closet
  32. A city gate, in some British place names.
    Temple Bar, London
  33. (mining) A drilling or tamping rod.
  34. (mining) A vein or dike crossing a lode.
  35. (architecture) A gatehouse of a castle or fortified town.
  36. (farriery) The part of the crust of a horse's hoof which is bent inwards towards the frog at the heel on each side, and extends into the centre of the sole.
  37. (farriery, in the plural) The space between the tusks and grinders in the upper jaw of a horse, in which the bit is placed.
  38. (slang) A measure of drugs, typically one ounce.
  39. (slang, hip-hop) A complimentary reference to a rapper's lyrics, especially when good.
    That rapper there, yeah, he got bars.
Derived terms
terms derived from the noun "bar"
Descendants
  • Albanian: bar m
  • Arabic: بَار m (bār)
  • Armenian: բար (bar)
  • Bulgarian: бар (bar)
  • Burmese: ဘား (bha:)
  • Chichewa: bála
  • Cantonese: (baa1)
  • Czech: bar m
  • Danish: bar c
  • Dutch: bar m
  • Esperanto: baro
  • Estonian: baar
  • French: bar m
    • Romanian: bar
  • Galician: bar m
  • Georgian: ბარი (bari)
  • German: Bar f
  • Greek: μπαρ n (bar)
  • Gulf Arabic: بار (bār)
  • Hebrew: בָּר (bar), בָּאר (bár)
  • Hungarian: bár (also via German)
  • Icelandic: bar m
  • Irish: beár m
  • Italian: bar m
  • Japanese: バー ()
  • Khmer: បារ (baa)
  • Korean: (ba)
  • Lithuanian: bãras m
  • Macedonian: бар m (bar)
  • Malagasy: ba
  • Mandarin: ()
  • Norwegian:
    Bokmål: bar m
    Nynorsk: bar m
  • Persian: بار (bâr)
  • Polish: bar m
  • Portuguese: bar m
  • Russian: бар m (bar)
  • Serbo-Croatian: ба̑р m, bȃr m
  • Slovene: bȃr m
  • Spanish: bar m
  • Swahili: baa
  • Swedish: bar c (see there for further descendants)
  • Thai: บาร์ (baa)
  • Turkish: bar
  • Xhosa: íbhári
  • Zulu: ibha
Translations

See also

References

  • The Manual of Heraldry, Fifth Edition, by Anonymous, London, 1862, online at

Etymology 2

From Middle English barren, from Old French barrer, from Medieval Latin barrare (to bar), from the noun. Cognate to Occitan barrar, Spanish barrar, Portuguese barrar.

Preposition properly imperative of the verb. Compare barring.

Verb

bar (third-person singular simple present bars, present participle barring, simple past and past participle barred)

  1. (transitive) To obstruct the passage of (someone or something).
    Our way was barred by a huge rockfall.
    • 1906 August, Alfred Noyes, “The Highwayman”, in Poems, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., published October 1906, →OCLC, part 1, stanza V, page 47:
      'One kiss, my bonny sweetheart, I'm after a prize to-night, / But I shall be back with the yellow gold before the morning light; / Yet, if they press me sharply, and harry me through the day, / Then look for me by moonlight, / Watch for me by moonlight, / I'll come to thee by moonlight, though Hell should bar the way.'
  2. (transitive) To prohibit.
    I couldn't get into the nightclub because I had been barred.
  3. (transitive) To lock or bolt with a bar.
    bar the door
  4. To imprint or paint with bars, to stripe.
    • 1899 February, Joseph Conrad, “The Heart of Darkness”, in Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine, volume CLXV, number M, New York, N.Y.: The Leonard Scott Publishing Company, , →OCLC, part I, page 208, column 1:
      I lived in a hut in the yard. To be out of the chaos I would sometimes get into the accountant’s office. It was built of horizontal planks, and so badly put together that, as he bent over his high desk, he was barred from neck to heels with narrow strips of sunlight.
Synonyms
Derived terms
Descendants
Translations

Preposition

bar

  1. Except, other than, besides.
    Synonyms: apart from, barring, except for, excepting, excluding, other than, save; see also Thesaurus:except
    He invited everyone to his wedding bar his ex-wife.
    • 1936, F.J. Thwaites, chapter I, in The Redemption, Sydney: H. John Edwards, page 5:
      "I might be a fool," the younger man admitted quietly, "even an idiot, but there's not a person living, bar you, who possess the courage to call me a weakling, Sir."
    • 2019 October, Philip Sherratt, “Midland Main Line upgrade presses on”, in Modern Railways, page 62:
      These see the overhead wires installed on all bar the slow lines between Bedford and Wellingborough by next May, with the remaining section completed by August, when the full programme is due to be completed.
  2. (horse racing) Denotes the minimum odds offered on other horses not mentioned by name.
    Leg At Each Corner is at 3/1, Lost My Shirt 5/1, and it's 10/1 bar.
Derived terms
Translations

References

  1. ^ barren, v.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2018, retrieved 31 October 2019.

Etymology 3

Borrowed from Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight), coined circa 1900.

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Noun

bar (plural bars)

  1. A non-SI unit of pressure equal to 100,000 pascals, approximately equal to atmospheric pressure at sea level.
Synonyms
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Chinese: ()
  • Finnish: baari
  • Galician: bar m
  • Greek: μπαρ n (bar)
  • Hebrew: בָּר (bar)
  • Icelandic: bar n
  • Irish: bar m
  • Korean: (ba)
  • Spanish: bar m
Translations

Further reading

Anagrams

Afar

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbʌɾ/
  • Hyphenation: bar

Noun

bár m (plural baritté f)

  1. night
  2. age

Declension

Declension of bár
absolutive bár
predicative bára
subjective barí
genitive bartí
Postpositioned forms
l-case báral
k-case bárak
t-case bárat
h-case bárah

Derived terms

References

  • E. M. Parker, R. J. Hayward (1985) “bar”, in An Afar-English-French dictionary (with Grammatical Notes in English), University of London, →ISBN
  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2015) L’afar: description grammaticale d’une langue couchitique (Djibouti, Erythrée et Ethiopie), Paris: Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (doctoral thesis)

Afrikaans

Etymology

From Dutch bar.

Pronunciation

Adjective

bar (attributive barre, comparative barder, superlative barste)

  1. barren

References

Albanian

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Uncertain. Possibly:

  1. From Proto-Indo-European *bʰers- (tip, point), whence also Latin far (emmer, spelt), Proto-Germanic *baraz (barley) and Proto-Slavic *boršьno (flour).
  2. Akin to Ancient Greek φάρμακον (phármakon, drug, medicine), from a tentative common Proto-Indo-European root *bʰer- (cure with herbs).
  3. From Proto-Indo-European *bʰewH- (to grow), whence also Ancient Greek φυτόν (phutón, plant), Old Armenian բոյս (boys, plant).

Sense 4 is likely a semantic loan from English weed, French herbe or Italian erba.

Noun

bar m (plural barëra)

  1. grass
  2. meadow, grassfield
    Synonym: lëndinë
  3. (figurative) tasteless food
Declension
Derived terms

Noun

bar m (indefinite barna)

  1. medicine, medication, herb
    Synonym: ilaç
  2. poison (for insects or other animals)
  3. (figurative) solution (for a difficult situation)
  4. (colloquial) weed, marijuana
Declension
Derived terms

References

  1. ^ Meyer, G. (1891) “bar”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch der albanesischen Sprache [Etymological Dictionary of the Albanian Language] (in German), Strasbourg: Karl J. Trübner, →DOI, page 26
  2. ^ Orel, Vladimir E. (1998) “bar”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, →ISBN, pages 16–17
  3. ^ Mallory, J. P., Adams, D. Q., editors (1997), “?*bher”, in Encyclopedia of Indo-European culture, London, Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, page 262
  4. ^ Çabej, E. (1986) Studime gjuhësore (in Albanian), volume I, Prishtinë: Rilindja, page 54
  5. ^ Demiraj, B. (1997) Albanische Etymologien: Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz [Albanian Etymologies: ] (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 7)‎ (in German), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, pages 89–90

Further reading

  • Bardhi, F. (1635) Dictionarium Latino Epiroticum (overall work in Latin and Albanian), page 53:magnes — aste gna baar ghi hiec becurine vetehei
  • Jungg, G. (1895) “baar”, in Fialuur i voghel sccȣp e ltinisct [Small Albanian–Italian dictionary], page 3*
  • “bar i”, in FGJSSH: Fjalor i gjuhës së sotme shqipe [Dictionary of the modern Albanian language]‎ (in Albanian), 1980, pages 95–98
  • “bar ii”, in FGJSSH: Fjalor i gjuhës së sotme shqipe [Dictionary of the modern Albanian language]‎ (in Albanian), 1980, page 98

Etymology 2

Internationalism, ultimately from English bar.

Noun

bar m (plural bare)

  1. bar (place serving drinks)
Declension

Further reading

  • “bar iii”, in FGJSSH: Fjalor i gjuhës së sotme shqipe [Dictionary of the modern Albanian language]‎ (in Albanian), 1980, page 98

Etymology 3

Internationalism, compare German Bar, French bar, English bar, ultimately from Ancient Greek βάρος (báros).

Noun

bar m (plural barë)

  1. (physics) bar (unit of pressure)
Declension

Further reading

  • “bar iv”, in FGJSSH: Fjalor i gjuhës së sotme shqipe [Dictionary of the modern Albanian language]‎ (in Albanian), 1980, page 98

Azerbaijani

Etymology 1

From Persian بار.

Noun

bar (definite accusative barı, plural barlar)

  1. fruit
    Synonym: meyvə
  2. crop, harvest, yield
    Synonym: məhsul
  3. (figurative) fruit (an end result, effect, or consequence)
    Synonym: bəhrə
  4. (archaic) burden
    Synonym: yük

Etymology 2

Ultimately from English bar.

Noun

bar (definite accusative barı, plural barlar)

  1. bar (a business selling alcoholic drinks)

Etymology 3

Internationalism; ultimately from French bar, from Ancient Greek βάρος (báros).

Noun

bar

  1. (meteorology) bar (unit of pressure)

Declension

    Declension of bar
singular plural
nominative bar
barlar
definite accusative barı
barları
dative bara
barlara
locative barda
barlarda
ablative bardan
barlardan
definite genitive barın
barların
    Possessive forms of bar
nominative
singular plural
mənim (my) barım barlarım
sənin (your) barın barların
onun (his/her/its) barı barları
bizim (our) barımız barlarımız
sizin (your) barınız barlarınız
onların (their) barı or barları barları
accusative
singular plural
mənim (my) barımı barlarımı
sənin (your) barını barlarını
onun (his/her/its) barını barlarını
bizim (our) barımızı barlarımızı
sizin (your) barınızı barlarınızı
onların (their) barını or barlarını barlarını
dative
singular plural
mənim (my) barıma barlarıma
sənin (your) barına barlarına
onun (his/her/its) barına barlarına
bizim (our) barımıza barlarımıza
sizin (your) barınıza barlarınıza
onların (their) barına or barlarına barlarına
locative
singular plural
mənim (my) barımda barlarımda
sənin (your) barında barlarında
onun (his/her/its) barında barlarında
bizim (our) barımızda barlarımızda
sizin (your) barınızda barlarınızda
onların (their) barında or barlarında barlarında
ablative
singular plural
mənim (my) barımdan barlarımdan
sənin (your) barından barlarından
onun (his/her/its) barından barlarından
bizim (our) barımızdan barlarımızdan
sizin (your) barınızdan barlarınızdan
onların (their) barından or barlarından barlarından
genitive
singular plural
mənim (my) barımın barlarımın
sənin (your) barının barlarının
onun (his/her/its) barının barlarının
bizim (our) barımızın barlarımızın
sizin (your) barınızın barlarınızın
onların (their) barının or barlarının barlarının

Further reading

  • bar” in Obastan.com.

Catalan

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Borrowed from English bar.

Noun

bar m (plural bars)

  1. bar (establishment where alcohol is served)

Etymology 2

Borrowed from Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight).

Noun

bar m (plural bars)

  1. bar (unit of measure)

Etymology 3

Variant of archaic bare, from Old Catalan baare, derived from the nominative case of baador, a variant of bausador (whence Catalan bausador), borrowed from Old Occitan; of uncertain origin but probably related to German böse (evil).

Adjective

bar m or f (masculine and feminine plural bars)

  1. (obsolete) traitorous

Noun

bar m or f by sense (plural bars)

  1. (obsolete) traitor

References

  1. ^ bar”, in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana, 2024“bar” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

Cimbrian

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Middle High German wir, from Old High German wir, from Proto-West Germanic *wiʀ, from Proto-Germanic *wīz.

Pronoun

bar

  1. (Sette Comuni) we
    Synonym: bandare
    Bar zeinan bèllase.We are Italians.
    Bar zeinda.We are here.
    Bar habanze galummet.We took them.

Inflection

References

  • “bar” in Martalar, Umberto Martello, Bellotto, Alfonso (1974) Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Sette Communi vicentini, 1st edition, Roana, Italy: Instituto di Cultura Cimbra A. Dal Pozzo

Crimean Tatar

Etymology 1

From Proto-Turkic *bār.

Predicative

bar

  1. there is, there are, indicates existence or possession
    Antonym: yoq

Etymology 2

Verb

bar

  1. second-person singular imperative of barmaq (to go, to arrive)

Czech

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Borrowed from English bar.

Noun

bar m inan

  1. bar (a business selling beverages)
  2. bar (the counter of such a premises)
  3. bar (a cabinet used to store alcoholic drinks in a private house or a hotel room)
Declension
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Borrowing from modern European languages, originally coined based on Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight).

Noun

bar m

  1. bar, a non-SI unit of pressure equal to 100,000 pascals
Declension

Further reading

  • bar in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • bar in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dalmatian

Etymology

From Latin bibere.

Verb

bar (second-person plural present baite)

  1. to drink

Danish

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Old Danish bar, Old West Norse berr (with ʀ-umlaut), from Proto-Germanic *bazaz.

Adjective

bar (neuter bart, plural and definite singular attributive bare)

  1. bare, naked
  2. sheer, pure
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Borrowed from English bar.

Noun

bar c (singular definite baren, plural indefinite barer)

  1. bar (business licensed to sell intoxicating beverages, counter of such a premises)
Declension

Etymology 3

From Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight).

Noun

bar c (singular definite baren, plural indefinite bar)

  1. bar (unit of pressure)
Declension

Etymology 4

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

bar

  1. past tense of bære

Dutch

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Borrowed from English bar.

Noun

bar m (plural bars, diminutive barretje n)

  1. A bar, counter, drink cabinet.
  2. A bar, pub serving alcohol.
Derived terms

-types of establishment

Descendants
  • Caribbean Javanese: bar
  • Indonesian: bar

Etymology 2

From Old French barhaine, probably of Germanic origin, possibly Frankish *baʀ (bare; barren).

Adjective

bar (comparative barder, superlative barst)

  1. harsh, tough (used mainly with koude (cold), or omstandigheden (conditions))
  2. barren, inhospitable, bare
  3. crude, grim, unfriendly
Inflection
Declension of bar
uninflected bar
inflected barre
comparative barder
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial bar barder het barst
het barste
indefinite m./f. sing. barre bardere barste
n. sing. bar barder barste
plural barre bardere barste
definite barre bardere barste
partitive bars barders
Derived terms

Etymology 3

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Adverb

bar

  1. extremely (only in a negative sense)

Etymology 4

From Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight), coined c. 1900.

Noun

bar

  1. bar (a unit of pressure, equal to 100,000 pascals)
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Indonesian: bar

References

  • M. J. Koenen & J. Endepols, Verklarend Handwoordenboek der Nederlandse Taal (tevens Vreemde-woordentolk), Groningen, Wolters-Noordhoff, 1969 (26th edition)

Faroese

Verb

bar

  1. first/third-person singular past of bera
    hetta bar ikki til
    this wasn’t possible

French

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From English bar. Doublet of barre.

Noun

bar m (plural bars)

  1. bar (establishment)
  2. bar (counter)
Derived terms
Descendants
  • Romanian: bar

Etymology 2

Of Germanic origin, from Proto-Germanic *barsaz (perch).

Noun

bar m (plural bars)

  1. bass (fish)
Derived terms

Further reading

Galician

Galician Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia gl

Etymology 1

Borrowed from English bar.

Noun

bar m (plural bares)

  1. bar, coffee shop, café, pub (an establishment where refreshments and alcohol drinks are served)

Etymology 2

Borrowed from English bar and this from Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight).

Noun

bar m (plural bares)

  1. bar (unit of pressure)

German

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Middle High German and Old High German bar.

Adjective

bar (not comparable)

  1. bare
Declension

Adverb

bar

  1. in cash
  2. pure

Preposition

bar

  1. without
    Synonyms: ohne, sonder, außer, ausschließlich

Etymology 2

Determiner

bar (invariable)

  1. Obsolete form of paar (a few, couple).

Further reading

  • bar” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • bar” in Duden online

Gothic

Romanization

bar

  1. Romanization of 𐌱𐌰𐍂

Icelandic

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Borrowed from English bar (1), from Old French barre.

Noun

bar m (genitive singular bars, nominative plural barir)

  1. bar (establishment offering alcoholic drinks for consumption on the premises)
  2. bar (counter at which such beverages are sold or offered)
  3. (by extension) a counter where a buffet or a specialized kind of food is offered
Declension

Etymology 2

Borrowed from English bar (2), from Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight).

Noun

bar n (genitive singular bars, nominative plural bör)

  1. bar (unit of pressure)
Declension

Etymology 3

Verb

bar

  1. first/third-person singular past indicative active of bera

Indonesian

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key):
  • Hyphenation: Indonesian

Etymology 1

From Dutch bar, from English bar, from Middle English barre, from Old French barre (beam, bar, gate, barrier), from Vulgar Latin *barra, of uncertain origin.

Noun

bar (first-person possessive barku, second-person possessive barmu, third-person possessive barnya)

  1. bar, pub: an establishment where alcohol and sometimes other refreshments are served.

Etymology 2

From Dutch bar, from Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight), coined c. 1900.

Noun

bar (first-person possessive barku, second-person possessive barmu, third-person possessive barnya)

  1. (physics) bar: a non-SI unit of pressure equal to 100,000 pascals, approximately equal to atmospheric pressure at sea level.

Further reading

Irish

Etymology

Borrowed from English bar, from Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight).

Noun

bar m (genitive singular bair, nominative plural bair)

  1. bar (unit of pressure)

Declension

Mutation

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bar bhar mbar
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading

  • Ó Dónaill, Niall (1977) “bar”, in Foclóir Gaeilge–Béarla, Dublin: An Gúm, →ISBN
  • bar”, in New English-Irish Dictionary, Foras na Gaeilge, 2013-2024

Italian

Etymology

Unadapted borrowing from English bar.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbar/
  • Rhymes: -ar
  • Hyphenation: bàr

Noun

bar m

  1. bar (place serving drinks)
    C'è un bar qui vicino?Is there a bar nearby?
  2. café
  3. bar (unit of pressure)

Derived terms

Latvian

Verb

bar

  1. inflection of bārt:
    1. second/third-person singular present indicative
    2. third-person plural present indicative
    3. second-person singular imperative
  2. (with the particle lai) third-person singular imperative of bārt
  3. (with the particle lai) third-person plural imperative of bārt

Marshallese

Pronunciation

Adjective

bar

  1. empty

Adverb

bar

  1. again
  2. also
  3. more

Determiner

bar

  1. more

Noun

bar

  1. head
  2. rock
  3. top; tip

References

Middle English

Noun

bar

  1. (Northern) Alternative form of bor

Northern Kurdish

Etymology

Related to Persian بار (bâr).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɑːɾ/
  • Hyphenation: Northern Kurdish
  • Rhymes: -ɑːɾ

Noun

bar m

  1. burden (a heavy load)

Norwegian Bokmål

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology 1

From Old Norse berr and Old Danish bar.

Adjective

bar (neuter singular bart, definite singular and plural bare, comparative barere, indefinite superlative barest, definite superlative bareste)

  1. bare, naked
    • 2014, "Ikke provosèr ham", by Inger Torill Jørgensen, eBokNorden AS →ISBN
      Han kom tettere inn til henne, la armen rundt ryggen hennes og bøyet hodet sitt ned mot hennes bare skulder, kysset den.
      He came closer to her, put his arm around her back and bowed his head down to her bare shoulder, and kissed it.
Derived terms

See also

Etymology 2

Borrowed from English bar.

Noun

bar m (definite singular baren, indefinite plural barer, definite plural barene)

  1. a bar (place where alcohol is served)
  2. a bar (sandbank at the mouth of a river or harbour)

Etymology 3

From Old Norse barr.

Noun

bar n (definite singular baret, uncountable)

  1. the needles of the conifers, twigs and branches of conifers
Derived terms

Etymology 4

 bar (enhet) on Norwegian Wikipedia

From Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight).

Noun

bar m (definite singular baren, indefinite plural bar, definite plural barene)

  1. bar (a non-SI unit of pressure)
Derived terms

Etymology 5

Verb

bar

  1. simple past of bære

References

Norwegian Nynorsk

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Verb

bar

  1. past tense of bera

Etymology 2

Borrowed from English bar.

Noun

bar m (definite singular baren, indefinite plural barar, definite plural barane)

  1. a bar (place where alcohol is served)
  2. a bar (sandbank at the mouth of a river or harbour)

Etymology 3

From Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight), coined circa 1900.

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Noun

bar m (definite singular baren, indefinite plural barar, definite plural barane)

  1. bar (a non-SI unit of pressure)
Derived terms

Etymology 4

From Old Norse barr.

Noun

bar n (definite singular baret, uncountable)

  1. the needles of the conifers, twigs and branches of conifers
    • 1860, Aasmund Olavsson Vinje, Vaaren:
      Derfor eg fann millom Bjørkar og Bar i Vaaren ei Gaata []
      Therefore I found, between the birches and conifers, in spring a riddle
Derived terms

Etymology 5

Adjective

bar (neuter bart, definite singular and plural bare, comparative barare, indefinite superlative barast, definite superlative baraste)

  1. (pre-2012) alternative form of berr
  2. (pre-1938) alternative form of berr

References

Old English

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *bair.

Pronunciation

Noun

bār m

  1. boar

Declension

Synonyms

Descendants

Old High German

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *baʀ, from Proto-Germanic *bazaz.

Pronunciation

Adjective

bar

  1. bare

Descendants

Old Irish

Pronunciation

Determiner

bar

  1. Alternative form of for (your pl)

Old Norse

Verb

bar

  1. first/third-person singular past indicative active of bera

Old Saxon

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *baʀ, from Proto-Germanic *bazaz.

Adjective

bār

  1. bare

Declension


Descendants

  • Middle Low German: bâr
    • German Low German: baar

Old Swedish

Etymology

From Old Norse *barr (Old West Norse berr), from Proto-Germanic *bazaz, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰosós.

Adjective

bar

  1. bare

Declension

Descendants

Pacoh

Pacoh cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : bar
    Ordinal : abar

Etymology

From Proto-Katuic *ɓaar, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *ɓaar.

Pronunciation

Numeral

bar

  1. two

Polish

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Borrowed from English bar.

Noun

bar m inan (diminutive barek)

  1. bar, luncheon bar, buffet
  2. bar (a long table or counter where drinks are served)
    Synonym: bufet
Declension
Derived terms
adjectives
nouns

Etymology 2

From Latin barium.

Noun

Chemical element
Ba
Previous: cez (Cs)
Next: lantan (La)

bar m inan

  1. barium
Declension
Derived terms
adjective

Etymology 3

Borrowed from Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight).

Noun

bar m inan

  1. bar (unit of pressure equal to 100,000 pascals)
Declension
Derived terms
adjective

Further reading

  • bar in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • bar in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

 bar on Portuguese Wikipedia

Pronunciation

 
 

  • (Caipira Brazil) IPA(key): ,
  • Rhymes: -aɾ
  • Hyphenation: Portuguese

Etymology 1

 Bar (estabelecimento) on Portuguese Wikipedia

Borrowed from English bar.

Noun

bar m (plural bares)

  1. pub; bar (establishment that serves alcoholic beverages primarily)

Etymology 2

 Bar (unidade) on Portuguese Wikipedia

Originally from Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight).

Noun

bar m (plural bares)

  1. bar (unit of pressure)

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 bar” in Dicionário infopédia da Língua Portuguesa. Porto: Porto Editora, 2003–2024.
  2. 2.0 2.1 bar” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

Romani

Etymology 1

Inherited from Prakrit 𑀯𑀸𑀟 (vāḍa), from Sanskrit वाट (vāṭa) or Sanskrit वाटी (vāṭī).

Noun

bar f (plural barǎ)

  1. enclosure

Etymology 2

Noun

bar m (plural bara)

  1. Alternative form of barr

References

  1. ^ Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985) “vāṭa1”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press, page 670
  2. 2.0 2.1 Boretzky, Norbert, Igla, Birgit (1994) “bar”, in Wörterbuch Romani-Deutsch-Englisch für den südosteuropäischen Raum : mit einer Grammatik der Dialektvarianten [Romani-German-English dictionary for the Southern European region] (in German), Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, →ISBN, page 20

Further reading

  • Marcel Courthiade (2009) “i/e bar I, -ǎ- ʒ. -ǎ, -ěn-”, in Melinda Rézműves, editor, Morri angluni rromane ćhibǎqi evroputni lavustik = Első rromani nyelvű európai szótáram : cigány, magyar, angol, francia, spanyol, német, ukrán, román, horvát, szlovák, görög [My First European-Romani Dictionary: Romani, Hungarian, English, French, Spanish, German, Ukrainian, Romanian, Croatian, Slovak, Greek] (overall work in Hungarian and English), Budapest: Fővárosi Onkormányzat Cigány Ház--Romano Kher, →ISBN, pages 73-74

Romanian

Etymology

From French bar.

Noun

bar m (plural bari)

  1. bar

Declension

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology 1

Borrowed from English bar.

Pronunciation

Noun

bȃr m (Cyrillic spelling ба̑р)

  1. public house, bar
Declension

Etymology 2

From Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight), coined circa 1900.

Pronunciation

Noun

bȃr m (Cyrillic spelling ба̑р)

  1. bar (unit of pressure)
Declension

Etymology 3

Clipping of bàrem.

Pronunciation

Adverb

bȁr (Cyrillic spelling ба̏р)

  1. at least

Etymology 4

From Proto-Slavic *bъrъ.

Pronunciation

Noun

bȃr m (Cyrillic spelling ба̑р) (regional)

  1. foxtail millet (Setaria italica)
    Synonym: mȕhār
  2. pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum)
    Synonyms: kòšćan, bìsērno prȍso
Declension

References

  • bar” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • bar” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • bar” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • bar” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovene

Etymology 1

Borrowed from English bar.

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Pronunciation

Noun

bȃr m inan

  1. public house, bar
Inflection
The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nom. sing. bȃr
gen. sing. bȃra
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
bȃr bȃra bȃri
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
bȃra bȃrov bȃrov
dative
(dajȃlnik)
bȃru bȃroma bȃrom
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
bȃr bȃra bȃre
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
bȃru bȃrih bȃrih
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
bȃrom bȃroma bȃri

Etymology 2

From Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight), coined circa 1900.

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Pronunciation

Noun

bȃr m inan

  1. bar (unit of pressure)
Inflection
The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nom. sing. bȃr
gen. sing. bȃra
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
bȃr bȃra bȃri
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
bȃra bȃrov bȃrov
dative
(dajȃlnik)
bȃru bȃroma bȃrom
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
bȃr bȃra bȃre
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
bȃru bȃrih bȃrih
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
bȃrom bȃroma bȃri

Etymology 3

Considering its Ottoman Turkish origin and smaller frequency, from Serbo-Croatian bȁr.

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Adverb

bȃr

  1. at least
    Synonym: vsaj
  2. even though
    Synonym: čeprav
  3. otherwise, for else
    Synonym: sicer

Etymology 4

From Proto-Slavic *bъrъ.

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Noun

bȃr m inan

  1. foxtail millet (Setaria italica)
    Synonym: laški muhvič
  2. pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum)
    Synonym: biserno proso
Inflection
The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nominative bȃr
genitive bȃra
singular
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
bȃr
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
bȃra
dative
(dajȃlnik)
bȃru
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
bȃr
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
bȃru
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
bȃrom

Further reading

  • bar”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Somali

Verb

bar

  1. Alternative spelling of baro

Spanish

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbaɾ/
  • Rhymes: -aɾ
  • Syllabification: bar

Etymology 1

Borrowed from English bar. Doublet of barra.

Noun

bar m (plural bares)

  1. bar, coffee shop, café, pub (an establishment where refreshments and alcohol drinks are served)
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Borrowed from English bar and this from Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight).

Noun

bar m (plural bares)

  1. bar (unit of pressure)

Further reading

Sumerian

Romanization

bar

  1. Romanization of 𒁇

Swedish

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Old Swedish bar, from Old Norse *barr (Old West Norse berr), from Proto-Germanic *bazaz, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰosós.

Adjective

bar (comparative barare, superlative barast)

  1. bare, uncovered; not covered by e.g. clothes (about people), fur (about certain animals) or a snow cover (about the ground)
Declension
Inflection of bar
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular bar barare barast
Neuter singular bart barare barast
Plural bara barare barast
Masculine plural3 bare barare barast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 bare barare baraste
All bara barare baraste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.
3) Dated or archaic
Derived terms

Etymology 2

See bära.

Verb

bar

  1. past indicative of bära

Etymology 3

Unadapted borrowing from English bar.

Noun

bar c

  1. a bar, pub; place where mainly alcoholic drinks are served.
  2. a bar, a bar counter
Declension
Declension of bar 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative bar baren barer barerna
Genitive bars barens barers barernas
Descendants

Etymology 4

Originally from Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight).

Noun

bar c

  1. A bar; a unit of pressure

References

Anagrams

Tagalog

Etymology

Borrowed from English bar.

Pronunciation

Noun

bar (Baybayin spelling ᜊᜇ᜔)

  1. bar (business selling alcoholic drinks)
    Synonyms: inuman, barikan, taberna
  2. (law) bar exam
  3. iron or steel bar
    Synonym: baras

Derived terms

Traveller Norwegian

Noun

bar

  1. a stone

See also

Turkish

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Armenian պար (par, dance).

Noun

bar (definite accusative barı, plural barlar)

  1. (dialectal) dance, round dance

Etymology 2

Borrowed from English bar.

Noun

bar (definite accusative barı, plural barlar)

  1. bar, pub

Etymology 3

From Ottoman Turkish بار (bar), from Armenian փառ (pʻaṙ).

Noun

bar (definite accusative barı, plural barlar)

  1. (dialectal) dirt, dust

Etymology 4

Ultimately from Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight).

Noun

bar (definite accusative barı, plural barlar)

  1. (unit of pressure) bar
Declension
Inflection
Nominative bar
Definite accusative barı
Singular Plural
Nominative bar barlar
Definite accusative barı barları
Dative bara barlara
Locative barda barlarda
Ablative bardan barlardan
Genitive barın barların

References

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʻeay (1971–1979) “պար”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, a reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • bar”, in Türkiye'de halk ağzından derleme sözlüğü [Compilation Dictionary of Popular Speech in Turkey] (in Turkish), Ankara: Türk Dil Kurumu, 1963–1982

Wakhi

Etymology

From Proto-Iranian *dwā́ram, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *dʰwā́ram, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰwer-. Related to Persian در (dar).

Noun

bar

  1. door

Zazaki

Etymology

Related to Persian بار (bâr).

Noun

bar

  1. load, burden