Hello, you have come here looking for the meaning of the word have. In DICTIOUS you will not only get to know all the dictionary meanings for the word have, but we will also tell you about its etymology, its characteristics and you will know how to say have in singular and plural. Everything you need to know about the word have you have here. The definition of the word have will help you to be more precise and correct when speaking or writing your texts. Knowing the definition ofhave, as well as those of other words, enriches your vocabulary and provides you with more and better linguistic resources.
Since there is no common Indo-European root for a transitive possessive verb have (notice that Latinhabeō is not etymologically related to English have), Proto-Indo-European probably lacked the have structure. Instead, the third person forms of be were used, with the possessor in dative case, compare Latin mihi est / sunt, literally to me is / are.
Used as an interrogative verb before a pronoun to form a tag question, echoing a previous use of 'have' as an auxiliary verb or, in certain cases, main verb. (For further discussion, see the appendix English tag questions.)
They haven’t eaten dinner yet, have they?
Your wife hasn’t been reading that nonsense, has she?
They had me feed their dog while they were out of town.
Her very boyfriend is the person the criminal has do most of her dirty deeds.
2002, Matt Cyr, Something to Teach Me: Journal of an American in the Mountains of Haiti, Educa Vision, Inc., →ISBN, page 25:
His English is still in its beginning stages, like my Creole, but he was able to translate some Creole songs that he's written into English—not the best English, but English nonetheless. He had me correct the translations. That kind of thing is very interesting to me. When I was learning Spanish, I would often take my favorite songs and try to translate them.
(transitive with adjective or adjective-phrase complement) To cause to be.
He had him arrested for trespassing.
The lecture’s ending had the entire audience in tears.
Jim has his eyes closed.
(transitive with bare infinitive) To be affected by an occurrence. (Used in supplying a topic that is not a verb argument.)
The hospital had several patients contract pneumonia last week.
I’ve had three people today tell me my hair looks nice.
(transitive with adjective or adjective-phrase complement) To depict as being.
Their stories differed; he said he’d been at work when the incident occurred, but her statement had him at home that entire evening.
2011 May 3, “Corrections and clarifications”, in The Guardian:
Anton Rogan, 8, was one of the runners-up in the Tick Tock Box short story competition, not Anton Rogers as we had it.
1977-1980, Lou Sullivan, personal diary, quoted in 2019, Ellis Martin, Zach Ozma (editors), We Both Laughed In Pleasure
Thurs nite I went to see Lou Reed and Lou, oh God, he completely had me. I was lost at the foot of a god.
In certain dialects, expressions, and literary use, the lexical have can be used without do-support, meaning the sentence Do you have an idea? can also be Have you an idea? This makes have the only lexical verb in Modern English that can function without it, aside from some nonce examples with other verbs in set phrases, as in What say you?, and aside from the verb be where this is considered lexical.
The auxiliary have which forms the perfect tense never uses do-support, so Have you seen it? cannot be Do you have seen it?.
Italian: avere(it)(for most verbs), essere(it)(for some intransitive verbs and all reflexive verbs)
Latin: (the perfect)ivi(i have gone), (for some Deponent and semi-deponent verbs)sum(la), (use the perfect tenses some normal vebs)ivi(i have gone), (use the perfect tenses for some normal vebs)ivi(i have gone), usus sum(i have used), gressus sum(i have gone)
A good credit rating can mean the difference between being a have or a have not.
1999, Various, The Haves and Have Nots, Penguin, →ISBN:
While these stories serve to make us conscious of the implications of being a “have” or a “have-not,” as with all good literature, they do much more than that. They provide a glimpse into lives that we might never encounter elsewhere.
2021 April 5, Laura Vozzella, “Charlottesville mayor says graphic poem illustrates Black experience in city”, in The Washington Post:
A longtime advocate for racial and social justice with a degree from Virginia Commonwealth University, Walker, 40, got into politics at the urging of Edwards, an African American woman widely praised as a bridge-builder between the city’s haves and have-nots.
(uncommon) One who has some (contextually specified) thing.
2010, Simon Collin, Dictionary of Wine, A&C Black, →ISBN:
To find out whether you are a have or a have not, did you understand the malo and Brett sentence a few lines back? If no, this doesn't make any difference to me, as you are the proud possessor of something the 'haves' haven't got. You know exactly what you like and why you like it. The 'haves' pretend to like and understand everything, which by the way is impossible. They deliberate over choosing a bottle in the shop for hours, ...
2013, Kelda, Men Under a Microscope, Author House, →ISBN, page 57:
Generally, I can assure you that a woman's posterior causes a stir, whether she's considered a have or a have not. But in most cases, men gravitate toward a pair of prominent gluteus muscles because they find this display appealing. This prominent protrusion can make a pair of jeans look like it was painted on, above just being good to look at. And by the way, it also incites some backshot (a Caribbean term for a well-known sex position) and spanking tendencies during sexual activity ...
2014, Derek Prince, Ultimate Security: Finding a Refuge in Difficult Times, Whitaker House, →ISBN:
The question you must answer is, “Do you have Jesus?” In Jesus, you have eternal life. If you do not have Jesus—if you have not received Him—you do not have “the life.” Are you a “have,” or are you a “have not”? That is a vital decision every person must make—a critical issue you have to resolve for yourself.
^ Demiraj, B. (1997), “kap”, in Albanische Etymologien: Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz [Albanian Etymologies:] (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 7) (in German), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi
They advertise it as a great deal, but I think it's a bit of a have.
2017 November 14, Joanna Davis, “Go with the flow in Abel Tasman National Park”, in stuff.co.nz:
"Open your eyes" is the company's tagline and part of its mission is to wake us up to the area's history, to the fact that New Zealand's '100% pure' marketing is a bit of a have, as well as to share the encouraging conservation efforts under way.
1867, “THE BRIDE'S PORTION”, in SONGS, ETC. IN THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY:
A portion ich gae her, was (it's now ich have ee-tolth)
The portion I gave her was (it's now I have told)
Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 102