home

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See also: Home, homẽ, home-, and Hô-me

English

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology

From Middle English hōm, from Old English hām, from Proto-West Germanic *haim, from Proto-Germanic *haimaz (home, village), from Proto-Indo-European *tḱóymos (village, home), from the root *tḱey-. Doublet of heyem.

Pronunciation

Noun

home (plural homes)

  1. A dwelling.
    1. One’s own dwelling place; the house or structure in which one lives; especially the house in which one lives with one's family; the habitual abode of one’s family.
      • 1526, [William Tyndale, transl.], The Newe Testamẽt  (Tyndale Bible), [Worms, Germany: Peter Schöffer], →OCLC, John xx:[10], folio clj, recto:
        And the diſciples went awaye agayne vnto their awne home.
      • 1808, John Dryden, edited by Walter Scott, The Works of John Dryden:
        Thither for ease and soft repose we come: / Home is the sacred refuge of our life; / Secured from all approaches, but a wife.
      • 1822, John Howard Payne, Home! Sweet Home!:
        Home! home! sweet, sweet home! / There’s no place like home, there’s no place like home.
      • 1981, William Irwin Thompson, The Time Falling Bodies Take to Light: Mythology, Sexuality and the Origins of Culture, London: Rider/Hutchinson & Co., page 132:
        If we now say that "woman's place is in the home," it is not because men put her there, but because the home became the capitol of women's mysteries.
      • 2013 June 29, “High and wet”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, page 28:
        Rock-filled torrents smashed vehicles and homes, burying victims under rubble and sludge.
    2. The place (residence, settlement, country, etc.), where a person was born and/or raised; childhood or parental home; home of one’s parents or guardian.
      • 2004, Jean Harrison, Home:
        The rights listed in the UNCRC cover all areas of children's lives such as their right to have a home and their right to be educated.
      Does she still live at home? - No, she moved out and got an apartment when she was 18, but she still lives in the city.
    3. The abiding place of the affections, especially of the domestic affections.
      • 1821, George Gordon Byron, Don Juan, canto III:
        He enter’d in the house—his home no more, / For without hearts there is no home; []
    4. A house that has been made home-like, to suit the comfort of those who live there.
      It's what you bring into a house that makes it a home
    5. A place of refuge, rest or care; an asylum.
      a home for outcasts
      a home for the blind
      a veterans' home
      Instead of a pet store, get your new dog from the local dogs’ home.
    6. (by extension) The grave; the final rest; also, the native and eternal dwelling place of the soul.
      • 1769, King James Bible, Oxford Standard text, Ecclesiastes 12:5:
        because man goeth to his long home, and the mourners go about the streets:
    7. (by extension) Anything that serves the functions of a home, as comfort, safety, sense of belonging, etc.
      • 2007 January 10, Leslie Feinberg, “1976 WWP pamphlet found answers in Marxism”, in Workers World:
        The rights of modern transsexual women and men to live in the sex that is "home".
  2. One’s native land; the place or country in which one dwells; the place where one’s ancestors dwell or dwelt.
    • 1863, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Our Old Home: A Series of English Sketches:
      Visiting these famous localities, and a great many others, I hope that I do not compromise my American patriotism by acknowledging that I was often conscious of a fervent hereditary attachment to the native soil of our forefathers, and felt it to be our own Old Home.
    • 1908, W B M Ferguson, chapter IV, in Zollenstein, New York, N.Y.: D. Appleton & Company, →OCLC:
      So this was my future home, I thought! Certainly it made a brave picture. I had seen similar ones fired-in on many a Heidelberg stein. Backed by towering hills, [] a sky of palest Gobelin flecked with fat, fleecy little clouds, it in truth looked a dear little city; the city of one's dreams.
    • 1980, Peter Allen, song, I Still Call Australia Home:
      I've been to cities that never close down / From New York to Rio and old London town / But no matter how far or how wide I roam / I still call Australia home.
  3. The locality where a thing is usually found, or was first found, or where it is naturally abundant; habitat; seat.
    the home of the pine
    • 1706, Matthew Prior, An Ode, Humbly Inscribed to the Queen, on the ẛucceẛs of Her Majeẛty's Arms, 1706, as republished in 1795, Robert Anderson (editor), The Works of the British Poets:
      Flandria, by plenty made the home of war, / Shall weep her crime, and bow to Charles r'estor'd, 
    • 1849, Alfred Tennyson, In Memoriam A. H. H.:
      Her eyes are homes of silent prayer, / Nor other thought her mind admits / But, he was dead, and there he sits, / And he that brought him back is there.
    • 2013 September 7, “Nodding acquaintance”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8852:
      Africa is home to so many premier-league diseases (such as AIDS, childhood diarrhoea, malaria and tuberculosis) that those in lower divisions are easily ignored.
  4. A focus point.
    1. (board games) The ultimate point aimed at in a progress; the goal.
      The object of Sorry! is to get all four of your pawns to your home.
    2. (baseball) Home plate.
    3. (lacrosse) The place of a player in front of an opponent’s goal; also, the player.
    4. (Internet) The landing page of a website; the site's homepage.
    5. (music, informal) The chord at which a melody starts and to which it can resolve.
  5. (computing) Clipping of home directory.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Terms derived from home (noun)

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb

home (third-person singular simple present homes, present participle homing, simple past and past participle homed)

  1. (of animals, transitive) To return to its owner.
    The dog homed.
  2. (always with "in on", transitive) To seek or aim for something.
    The missile was able to home in on the target.
    • 2008 July, Ewen Callaway, New Scientist:
      Much like a heat-seeking missile, a new kind of particle homes in on the blood vessels that nourish aggressive cancers, before unleashing a cell-destroying drug.

Translations

Adjective

home (not comparable)

  1. Of, from, or pertaining to one’s dwelling or country; domestic; not foreign.
    home manufactures
    home comforts
  2. (now rare, except in phrases) That strikes home; direct, pointed.
  3. (obsolete) Personal, intimate.
    • 1778, Frances Burney, Journals & Letters, Penguin, published 2001, page 91:
      I hardly knew what I answered him, but, by degrees I tranquillised, as I found he forbore distressing me any further, by such Home strokes […].
  4. (sports) Relating to the home team (the team at whose venue a game is played).
    Antonyms: away, road, visitor
    the home end, home advantage, home supporters

Derived terms

Adverb

home (not comparable)

  1. To one's home.
    1. To one's place of residence or one's customary or official location.
      come home
      carry someone home
      • 1863, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Our Old Home: A Series of English Sketches:
        He made no complaint of his ill-fortune, but only repeated in a quiet voice, with a pathos of which he was himself evidently unconscious, "I want to get home to Ninety-second Street, Philadelphia."
      • 1892, Walter Besant, “Prologue: Who is Edmund Gray?”, in The Ivory Gate , New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers, , →OCLC, page 16:
        Athelstan Arundel walked home all the way, foaming and raging. No omnibus, cab, or conveyance ever built could contain a young man in such a rage. His mother lived at Pembridge Square, which is four good measured miles from Lincoln's Inn.
    2. To one's place of birth.
    3. To the place where it belongs; to the end of a course; to the full length.
      She drove the nail home
      ram a cartridge home
      • c. 1603–1604 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Othello, the Moore of Venice”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies  (First Folio), London: Isaac Iaggard, and Ed Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, :
        Wear thy good rapier bare, and put it home: []
      • 1988, Roald Dahl, Matilda:
        Eventually she managed to slide the lid of the pencil-box right home and the newt was hers. Then, on second thoughts, she opened the lid just the tiniest fraction so that the creature could breathe.
    4. (Internet) To the home page.
      Click here to go home.
  2. At or in one's place of residence or one's customary or official location; at home.
    • 1975-1976, Lou Sullivan, personal diary, quoted in 2019, Ellis Martin, Zach Ozma (editors), We Both Laughed In Pleasure
      I'm certainly not the type to sit home waiting up for hubbie every night.
    Everyone's gone to watch the game; there's nobody home.
    I'm home!
  3. To a full and intimate degree; to the heart of the matter; fully, directly.
    • 1625, Francis Bacon, dedication to the Duke of Buckingham, in Essays Civil and Moral,
      I do now publish my Essays; which of all my other works have been most current : for that, as it seems, they come home to men's business and bosoms.
    • 1692–1717, Robert South, Twelve Sermons Preached upon Several Occasions, volumes (please specify |volume=I to VI), London:
      How home the charge reaches us, has been made out by ẛhewing with what high impudence ẛome amongẛt us defend sin, []
    • 1748, [Samuel Richardson], “Letter LXVII”, in Clarissa. Or, The History of a Young Lady: , volumes (please specify |volume=I to VII), London: S Richardson;  , →OCLC:
      Her treatment of you, you say, does no credit either to her education or fine sense. Very home put, truly!
  4. (UK, soccer) into the goal
    • 2004, Tottenham 4-4 Leicester, BBC Sport: February,
      Walker was penalised for a picking up a Gerry Taggart backpass and from the resulting free-kick, Keane fired home after Johnnie Jackson's initial effort was blocked.
  5. (nautical) into the right, proper or stowed position
    sails sheeted home

Usage notes

  • Home is often used in the formation of compound words, many of which need no special definition; as, home-brewed, home-built, home-grown, etc.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Translations

References

Further reading

Anagrams

Asturian

Etymology

From Latin homō, hominem, from Proto-Italic *hemō, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰm̥mṓ.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈome/,
  • Rhymes: -ome
  • Hyphenation: ho‧me

Noun

home m (plural homes)

  1. man
    L'home equí ye'l fíu MaríaThis man here is María's son
  2. person
  3. husband

Synonyms

Derived terms

Catalan

Etymology

Inherited from Old Catalan home~hom, from Latin hominem (human, noun).

Pronunciation

Noun

home m (plural homes or hòmens)

  1. man
  2. husband
    Synonyms: cònjuge, espòs, marit

Antonyms

Hypernyms

Derived terms

Interjection

home

  1. A term of address for a man conveying annoyance, impatience, surprise, disagreement, etc.
    Home, no sigues bèstia!Dude, don't be stupid!

Further reading

Classical Nahuatl

Numeral

ho̊me

  1. (Codex Magliabechiano) Obsolete spelling of ōme.

Esperanto

Etymology

From homo.

Adverb

home

  1. humanly; in a human fashion

Finnish

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *homëh, from earlier *šomeš, borrowed from Proto-Germanic *swammaz or earlier Pre-Germanic. Cognate to Karelian homeh, Veps homeh.

Pronunciation

Noun

Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi

home

  1. mildew, mold
    Tämä leipä on homeessa.
    This bread is moldy
    (literally, “This bread is in mold.”)

Declension

Inflection of home (Kotus type 48/hame, no gradation)
nominative home homeet
genitive homeen homeiden
homeitten
partitive hometta homeita
illative homeeseen homeisiin
homeihin
singular plural
nominative home homeet
accusative nom. home homeet
gen. homeen
genitive homeen homeiden
homeitten
partitive hometta homeita
inessive homeessa homeissa
elative homeesta homeista
illative homeeseen homeisiin
homeihin
adessive homeella homeilla
ablative homeelta homeilta
allative homeelle homeille
essive homeena homeina
translative homeeksi homeiksi
abessive homeetta homeitta
instructive homein
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of home (Kotus type 48/hame, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative homeeni homeeni
accusative nom. homeeni homeeni
gen. homeeni
genitive homeeni homeideni
homeitteni
partitive homettani homeitani
inessive homeessani homeissani
elative homeestani homeistani
illative homeeseeni homeisiini
homeihini
adessive homeellani homeillani
ablative homeeltani homeiltani
allative homeelleni homeilleni
essive homeenani homeinani
translative homeekseni homeikseni
abessive homeettani homeittani
instructive
comitative homeineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative homeesi homeesi
accusative nom. homeesi homeesi
gen. homeesi
genitive homeesi homeidesi
homeittesi
partitive homettasi homeitasi
inessive homeessasi homeissasi
elative homeestasi homeistasi
illative homeeseesi homeisiisi
homeihisi
adessive homeellasi homeillasi
ablative homeeltasi homeiltasi
allative homeellesi homeillesi
essive homeenasi homeinasi
translative homeeksesi homeiksesi
abessive homeettasi homeittasi
instructive
comitative homeinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative homeemme homeemme
accusative nom. homeemme homeemme
gen. homeemme
genitive homeemme homeidemme
homeittemme
partitive homettamme homeitamme
inessive homeessamme homeissamme
elative homeestamme homeistamme
illative homeeseemme homeisiimme
homeihimme
adessive homeellamme homeillamme
ablative homeeltamme homeiltamme
allative homeellemme homeillemme
essive homeenamme homeinamme
translative homeeksemme homeiksemme
abessive homeettamme homeittamme
instructive
comitative homeinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative homeenne homeenne
accusative nom. homeenne homeenne
gen. homeenne
genitive homeenne homeidenne
homeittenne
partitive homettanne homeitanne
inessive homeessanne homeissanne
elative homeestanne homeistanne
illative homeeseenne homeisiinne
homeihinne
adessive homeellanne homeillanne
ablative homeeltanne homeiltanne
allative homeellenne homeillenne
essive homeenanne homeinanne
translative homeeksenne homeiksenne
abessive homeettanne homeittanne
instructive
comitative homeinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative homeensa homeensa
accusative nom. homeensa homeensa
gen. homeensa
genitive homeensa homeidensa
homeittensa
partitive homettaan
homettansa
homeitaan
homeitansa
inessive homeessaan
homeessansa
homeissaan
homeissansa
elative homeestaan
homeestansa
homeistaan
homeistansa
illative homeeseensa homeisiinsa
homeihinsa
adessive homeellaan
homeellansa
homeillaan
homeillansa
ablative homeeltaan
homeeltansa
homeiltaan
homeiltansa
allative homeelleen
homeellensa
homeilleen
homeillensa
essive homeenaan
homeenansa
homeinaan
homeinansa
translative homeekseen
homeeksensa
homeikseen
homeiksensa
abessive homeettaan
homeettansa
homeittaan
homeittansa
instructive
comitative homeineen
homeinensa

Derived terms

compounds

Further reading

Anagrams

Galician

Home ("man")
Home ("man")

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Old Galician-Portuguese ome, omẽe, from Latin homō, hominem, from Proto-Italic *hemō, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰm̥mṓ.

Pronunciation

Noun

home m (plural homes)

  1. human; person
    Unha sebe tres anos dura; un can tres sebes; unha mula tres cans; un home tres mulas (proverb)
    A hedge lasts three years; a dog three hedges; a mule three dogs; a person three mules
  2. mankind
    O home chegou á Lúa en 1969Mankind arrived to the Moon in 1969
  3. man (adult male)
    Home casado muller é (proverb)The Married man is a woman
  4. male human
    Home pequeno fol de veleno (proverb)Small man, skin of venom
  5. husband
    Éste é o meu home, XaquínThis is my husband, Joachim

Usage notes

Derived terms

Interjection

home

  1. man! (expresses surprise, or mild annoyance)
    -Es o campión do mundo? Contento? -Home!...-You're the champion of the world? Are you happy? -Man!...

Derived terms

See also

References

  • Ernesto González Seoane, María Álvarez de la Granja, Ana Isabel Boullón Agrelo (20062022) “home”, in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval (in Galician), Santiago de Compostela: ILG
  • Xavier Varela Barreiro, Xavier Gómez Guinovart (20062018) “home”, in Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval (in Galician), Santiago de Compostela: ILG
  • home” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • home” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • home” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.
  • home” in Dicionário Estraviz de galego (2014).

Ingrian

Home leivän pääl.

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *homëh. Cognates include Finnish home and Veps homeh.

Pronunciation

Noun

home

  1. mould

Declension

Declension of home (type 6/lähe, no gradation, gemination)
singular plural
nominative home hommeet
genitive hommeen hommein
partitive hometta hommeita
illative hommeesse hommeisse
inessive hommees hommeis
elative hommeest hommeist
allative hommeelle hommeille
adessive hommeel hommeil
ablative hommeelt hommeilt
translative hommeeks hommeiks
essive hommeenna, hommeen hommeinna, hommein
exessive1) hommeent hommeint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

Derived terms

References

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 67
  • Arvo Laanest (1997) Isuri keele Hevaha murde sõnastik, Eesti Keele Instituut, page 37

Italian

Etymology

Borrowed from English home.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈom/, (careful style) /ˈowm/
  • Rhymes: -om, (careful style) -owm

Noun

home f (invariable)

  1. (computing) home (initial position of various computing objects)

References

  1. ^ home in Dizionario Italiano Olivetti, Olivetti Media Communication
  2. ^ home video in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)

Anagrams

Leonese

Etymology

From Latin homō, hominem, from Proto-Italic *hemō, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰm̥mṓ.

Noun

home m (plural homes)

  1. man

Further reading

Macanese

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Portuguese home, denasalized variant of homem.

Pronunciation

Noun

home (plural home-home)

  1. man
    home-home di hozemen nowadays

See also

References

Middle English

Etymology 1

Noun

home (plural homes)

  1. Alternative form of hom (home)

Etymology 2

Pronoun

home

  1. Alternative form of whom (whom)

Etymology 3

Pronoun

home

  1. Alternative form of hem (them)

Etymology 4

Noun

home (plural homes)

  1. Alternative form of hamme (enclosure; meadow)

Etymology 5

Noun

home

  1. Alternative form of hame (hame (part of a harness))

Etymology 6

Verb

home (third-person singular simple present hometh, present participle homende, homynge, first-/third-person singular past indicative and past participle homed)

  1. Alternative form of hummen (to hum)

Mirandese

Etymology

From Latin homō, hominem, from Proto-Italic *hemō, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰm̥mṓ.

Noun

home m (plural homes)

  1. man
  2. husband

Antonyms

Norwegian Nynorsk

Verb

home (present tense homar, past tense homa, past participle homa, passive infinitive homast, present participle homande, imperative home/hom)

  1. alternative form of homa (non-standard since 2012)

Old French

Alternative forms

see hom for alternative nominative singular forms

Etymology

From Vulgar Latin *(h)omne, Latin hominem, accusative singular of homō. The nominative form hom, om, on, hon derives from the Latin nominative homō.

Pronunciation

Noun

home oblique singularm (oblique plural homes, nominative singular hom, nominative plural home)

  1. man (male adult human being)
  2. man (mankind; Homo sapiens)
    • c. 1120, Philippe de Taon, Bestiaire, line 476:
      O HOM de sancte vie, entent que signefie
      O MAN of sacred life, listen to what this means
  3. vassal; manservant

Coordinate terms

Descendants

References

Old Galician-Portuguese

Noun

home m

  1. Alternative form of ome

Old Occitan

Noun

home m (oblique plural homes, nominative singular hom, nominative plural home)

  1. Alternative form of ome

Portuguese

Etymology

Denasalization of homem.

Pronunciation

 

  • Rhymes: (Portugal) -ɔmɨ, (Brazil) -õmi
  • Hyphenation: ho‧me

Noun

home m (plural homes)

  1. (nonstandard) Alternative form of homem