lima

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See also: Lima, limá, líma, limâ, limă, lìmǎ, Lìmǎ, and łima

Translingual

Noun

lima

  1. Alternative letter-case form of Lima of the ICAO/NATO radiotelephony alphabet.

English

Pronunciation

Noun

lima (plural limas)

  1. lima bean
    We had limas with dinner last night.
  2. (international standards) Alternative letter-case form of Lima from the NATO/ICAO Phonetic Alphabet.

Anagrams

Agutaynen

Etymology

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Aklanon

Etymology

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Pronunciation

Numeral

limá

  1. five

Alangan

Etymology

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

limá

  1. five

Alu

Etymology

From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Amis

Amis cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima
    Ordinal : sakalima

Etymology

From Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Asi

Etymology

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

limá

  1. five

Balinese

Romanization

lima

  1. Romanization of ᬮᬶᬫ

Banjarese

Banjarese cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima

Etymology

From Proto-Malayic *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Bariai

Numeral

lima

  1. five

References

Basque

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Spanish lima.

Noun

lima inan

  1. file (tool)
    Synonym: karraka
Declension
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Borrowed from Spanish lima.

Noun

lima inan

  1. lime (fruit)
Declension

Further reading

  • lima”, in Euskaltzaindiaren Hiztegia [Dictionary of the Basque Academy], Euskaltzaindia
  • lima”, in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia [General Basque Dictionary], Euskaltzaindia, 1987–2005

Bikol Central

Bikol Central numbers (edit)
50[a], [b]
[a], [b] ←  4 5 6  → [a], [b]
    Cardinal: lima, singko
    Ordinal: ikalima

Etymology

Inherited from Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /liˈma/,
  • Hyphenation: li‧ma

Numeral

limá (plural rilima, Basahan spelling ᜎᜒᜋ)

  1. five
    Synonym: singko

Derived terms

Brooke's Point Palawano

Etymology

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Brunei Malay

Brunei Malay cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima

Etymology

From Proto-Malayic *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lima/
  • Hyphenation: li‧ma

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Bughotu

Etymology

From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Casiguran Dumagat Agta

Etymology

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

limá

  1. five

Cebuano

Cebuano numbers (edit)
50[a], [b]
 ←  4 5 6  → 
    Cardinal: limá
    Spanish cardinal: singko
    Ordinal: ikalimá
    Adverbial: makalimá
    Distributive: limá-limá
    Fractional: sikalimá

Etymology

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: li‧ma
  • IPA(key): /liˈma/,

Numeral

limá

  1. five

Quotations

For quotations using this term, see Citations:lima.

Derived terms

Central Bontoc

Etymology

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

limá

  1. five

Central Melanau

Central Melanau cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima

Etymology

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Chamorro

Chamorro cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima

Etymology

From Pre-Chamorro *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. (Old Chamorro) five (in general)

Chichewa

Etymology

From Proto-Bantu *-dɪ̀ma.

Pronunciation

Verb

-lima (infinitive kulíma)

  1. to cultivate

Derived terms

Cia-Cia

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Proto-Celebic *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima (Hangul spelling 을리마)

  1. five

Noun

lima

  1. (anatomy) hand (part of the body)

Cuyunon

Etymology

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Dibabawon Manobo

Etymology

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Dupaningan Agta

Etymology

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

líma

  1. five

East Futuna

Etymology

From Proto-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Esperanto

Etymology

limo +‎ -a

Pronunciation

Adjective

lima (accusative singular liman, plural limaj, accusative plural limajn)

  1. bordering, neighbouring, border
    • 2006, Mu Binghua, “Pezaj enlandaj ŝarĝoj por la registaro”, in Monato:
      Ĉar pro la malbonaj vivkondiĉoj fakte la plimulto de la ordinaraj ĉinoj troviĝas sur la lima punkto inter sano kaj malsano.
      In fact, due to the poor living conditions, the majority of ordinary Chinese people find themselves on the border point between health and disease.

Faroese

Noun

lima

  1. indefinite genitive plural of limur

Fijian

Fijian cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima

Etymology

From Proto-Central-Pacific *lima, from Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Finnish

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *lima, borrowed from Proto-Germanic *slīmą.

Pronunciation

Noun

lima

  1. mucus (slippery secretion from mucous membranes)
  2. phlegm (viscid mucus produced by the body, later especially mucus expelled from the bronchial passages by coughing)
  3. (historical) phlegm (one of the four humors making up the body in ancient and mediaeval medicine; said to be cold and moist, and often identified with mucus)
  4. slime (any viscous liquid matter)
  5. slime (mucus-like substance that exudes from the bodies of some animals, e.g. snails and slugs)

Declension

Inflection of lima (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative lima limat
genitive liman limojen
partitive limaa limoja
illative limaan limoihin
singular plural
nominative lima limat
accusative nom. lima limat
gen. liman
genitive liman limojen
limain rare
partitive limaa limoja
inessive limassa limoissa
elative limasta limoista
illative limaan limoihin
adessive limalla limoilla
ablative limalta limoilta
allative limalle limoille
essive limana limoina
translative limaksi limoiksi
abessive limatta limoitta
instructive limoin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of lima (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative limani limani
accusative nom. limani limani
gen. limani
genitive limani limojeni
limaini rare
partitive limaani limojani
inessive limassani limoissani
elative limastani limoistani
illative limaani limoihini
adessive limallani limoillani
ablative limaltani limoiltani
allative limalleni limoilleni
essive limanani limoinani
translative limakseni limoikseni
abessive limattani limoittani
instructive
comitative limoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative limasi limasi
accusative nom. limasi limasi
gen. limasi
genitive limasi limojesi
limaisi rare
partitive limaasi limojasi
inessive limassasi limoissasi
elative limastasi limoistasi
illative limaasi limoihisi
adessive limallasi limoillasi
ablative limaltasi limoiltasi
allative limallesi limoillesi
essive limanasi limoinasi
translative limaksesi limoiksesi
abessive limattasi limoittasi
instructive
comitative limoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative limamme limamme
accusative nom. limamme limamme
gen. limamme
genitive limamme limojemme
limaimme rare
partitive limaamme limojamme
inessive limassamme limoissamme
elative limastamme limoistamme
illative limaamme limoihimme
adessive limallamme limoillamme
ablative limaltamme limoiltamme
allative limallemme limoillemme
essive limanamme limoinamme
translative limaksemme limoiksemme
abessive limattamme limoittamme
instructive
comitative limoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative limanne limanne
accusative nom. limanne limanne
gen. limanne
genitive limanne limojenne
limainne rare
partitive limaanne limojanne
inessive limassanne limoissanne
elative limastanne limoistanne
illative limaanne limoihinne
adessive limallanne limoillanne
ablative limaltanne limoiltanne
allative limallenne limoillenne
essive limananne limoinanne
translative limaksenne limoiksenne
abessive limattanne limoittanne
instructive
comitative limoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative limansa limansa
accusative nom. limansa limansa
gen. limansa
genitive limansa limojensa
limainsa rare
partitive limaansa limojaan
limojansa
inessive limassaan
limassansa
limoissaan
limoissansa
elative limastaan
limastansa
limoistaan
limoistansa
illative limaansa limoihinsa
adessive limallaan
limallansa
limoillaan
limoillansa
ablative limaltaan
limaltansa
limoiltaan
limoiltansa
allative limalleen
limallensa
limoilleen
limoillensa
essive limanaan
limanansa
limoinaan
limoinansa
translative limakseen
limaksensa
limoikseen
limoiksensa
abessive limattaan
limattansa
limoittaan
limoittansa
instructive
comitative limoineen
limoinensa

Derived terms

compounds

See also

References

  1. ^ Häkkinen, Kaisa (2004) Nykysuomen etymologinen sanakirja [Modern Finnish Etymological Dictionary] (in Finnish), Juva: WSOY, →ISBN

Further reading

Anagrams

French

Pronunciation

Verb

lima

  1. third-person singular past historic of limer

Anagrams

Galician

Etymology 1

From Andalusian Arabic لِيمَة, from Arabic لَيْمُون (laymūn, lemon, lime).

Pronunciation

Noun

lima f (plural limas)

  1. lime (fruit)

Etymology 2

Attested since circa 1300. From Latin līma (file).

Pronunciation

Noun

lima f (plural limas)

  1. file, rasp
    • c. 1300, R. Martínez López, editor, General Estoria. Versión gallega del siglo XIV, Oviedo: Archivum, page 271:
      cõmo faz a lyma ao ferro, et a fornaz ao ouro que o purga et esmera et o faz puro et paresçe mellor, et cõmo faz outrosi o máále áá messe que a degrana em çeueyra et parte a palla do graão que e o mellor
      as the file does to iron, and the furnace to gold, that purges and cleans it and makes it pure and looks better; and also as the flail does to the harvest, that threshes it into sustenance and parts the straw and the grain, which is the best part
  2. (construction) hip rafter

Verb

lima

  1. inflection of limar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

References

  • Ernesto González Seoane, María Álvarez de la Granja, Ana Isabel Boullón Agrelo (20062022) “lyma”, in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval (in Galician), Santiago de Compostela: ILG
  • Xavier Varela Barreiro, Xavier Gómez Guinovart (20062018) “lyma”, in Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval (in Galician), Santiago de Compostela: ILG
  • lima” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • lima” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • lima” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Gela

Etymology

From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Gothic

Romanization

lima

  1. Romanization of 𐌻𐌹𐌼𐌰

Hawaiian

Hawaiian numbers (edit)
 ←  4 5 6  → 
    Base form: lima
    Cardinal: ʻelima
    Ordinal: lima
    Distributive: pālima
    Fractional: hapalima

Etymology

From Proto-Eastern Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Nuclear Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Polynesian *lima (cognate with Maori rima), from Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima (cognate with Malay lima), from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Pronunciation

Numeral

lima

  1. five
  2. fifth

Noun

lima

  1. (anatomy) hand (part of the body)

Hiligaynon

Etymology 1

Hiligaynon numbers (edit)
 ←  4 5 6  → 
    Cardinal: lima
    Ordinal: ikalima

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Pronunciation

Numeral

limá

  1. five

Etymology 2

Borrowed from Spanish lima.

Noun

líma

  1. lime fruit or tree (citrus)

Etymology 3

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Noun

líma

  1. (anatomy) hand

Verb

limá

  1. to handle

Iban

Iban cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima
    Ordinal : kelima

Etymology

From Proto-Malayic *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Ibanag

Etymology

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Noun

lima

  1. (anatomy) hand

Numeral

limá

  1. five

Icelandic

Noun

lima

  1. indefinite genitive plural of limur

Ilocano

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈlima/,
  • Hyphenation: li‧ma

Numeral

lima

  1. five
    Synonym: singko

Indonesian

Indonesian cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima

Etymology

From Malay lima, from Proto-Malayic *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Pronunciation

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Derived terms

Further reading

Inonhan

Etymology

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

limá

  1. five

Isinai

Etymology

Ultimately from Proto-Austronesian *lima

Noun

lima

  1. (anatomy) hand

Isnag

Etymology

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

limá

  1. five

Italian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈli.ma/
  • Rhymes: -ima
  • Hyphenation: lì‧ma

Etymology 1

From Latin līma.

Noun

lima f (plural lime)

  1. file (cutting or smoothing tool)
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Of Istrian origin.

Noun

lima f (plural lime)

  1. (fishing) a reinforced line at both ends of a dragnet

Etymology 3

Borrowed from Arabic لِيمَة (līma), from Persian لیمو (līmū).

Noun

lima f (plural lime)

  1. Key lime (Citrus aurantiifolia)

Etymology 4

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

lima

  1. inflection of limare:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further reading

  • lima1 in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana
  • lima2 in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana
  • lima3 in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Anagrams

Itawit

Etymology

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

limá

  1. five

Ivatan

Etymology

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Javanese

Romanization

lima

  1. Romanization of ꦭꦶꦩ

Kagayanen

Etymology

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Noun

lima

  1. (anatomy) hand

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Kankanaey

Etymology

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

limá

  1. five

Kapampangan

Kapampangan cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima
    Ordinal : kalima

Etymology

Inherited from Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Pronunciation

Numeral

líma

  1. five

Kapingamarangi

Etymology

From Proto-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Kavalan

Etymology

From Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Noun

lima

  1. (anatomy) hand

Kinaray-a

Kinaray-a cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima
    Ordinal : ikalima

Etymology

Inherited from Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Pronunciation

Numeral

limá

  1. five

Latin

Etymology

Maybe from Proto-Indo-European *sley- (smooth; slick; sticky; slimy). Cognates include Latin limus, English slime, German Schleim (mucus, slime) and Ancient Greek λίμνη (límnē, marsh).

Pronunciation

Noun

līma f (genitive līmae); first declension

  1. file (carpenter's tool)

Declension

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative līma līmae
Genitive līmae līmārum
Dative līmae līmīs
Accusative līmam līmās
Ablative līmā līmīs
Vocative līma līmae

Descendants

  • Albanian: limë
  • Catalan: llima
  • French: lime
  • Galician: lima
  • Italian: lima
  • Portuguese: lima
  • Sicilian: lima
  • Spanish: lima
  • Proto-Brythonic: *lliβ̃

References

  • "lima", in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • "lima", in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • lima in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • "lima", in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898), Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • "lima" in William Smith, editor (1848), A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  • "lima", in William Smith et al., editor (1890), A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  1. ^ Walde, Alois, Hofmann, Johann Baptist (1938) “lima”, in Lateinisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), 3rd edition, volume 1, Heidelberg: Carl Winter, page 801

Lau

Etymology

From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Limos Kalinga

Etymology

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Noun

lima

  1. five

Lubuagan Kalinga

Etymology

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Noun

lima

  1. five

Lusi

Etymology

From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Maguindanao

Etymology

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Makasar

Etymology 1

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Pronunciation

Numeral

lima (Lontara spelling ᨒᨗᨆ)

  1. five

Etymology 2

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *qalima, from Proto-Austronesian *qalima.

Pronunciation

Numeral

lima (Lontara spelling ᨒᨗᨆ)

  1. (anatomy) hand

Malay

Malay cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Proto-Malayic *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Pronunciation

Numeral

lima (Jawi spelling ليم)

  1. (cardinal number) five
    Synonym: panca

Derived terms

References

  • "lima" in Kamus Dewan, Fourth Edition, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, →ISBN, 2005.
  • lima” in Pusat Rujukan Persuratan Melayu | Malay Literary Reference Centre, Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, 2017.
  • Wilkinson, Richard James (1901) “ليم lima”, in A Malay-English dictionary, Hong Kong: Kelly & Walsh limited, page 629
  • Wilkinson, Richard James (1932) “lima”, in A Malay-English dictionary (romanised), volume II, Mytilene, Greece: Salavopoulos & Kinderlis, page 58

Manam

Etymology

From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Manggarai

Etymology

Inherited from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Mansaka

Etymology

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Maori

Numeral

lima

  1. Obsolete spelling of rima.

Mapun

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Maranao

Maranao numbers (edit)
 ←  4 5 6  → 
    Cardinal: lima

Etymology

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Noun

lima

  1. (anatomy) hand

Derived terms

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Derived terms

References

Masbatenyo

Etymology

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

limá

  1. five

Mayoyao Ifugao

Etymology

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

limá

  1. five

Muduapa

Etymology

From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Mussau-Emira

Etymology

From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Nakanai

Etymology

From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Ngaju

Etymology

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Niuatoputapu

Etymology

From Proto-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Niuean

Niuean cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima

Etymology

From Proto-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Northern Catanduanes Bicolano

Etymology

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Pronunciation

Numeral

limá

  1. five

Norwegian Bokmål

Alternative forms

Noun

lima n pl

  1. definite plural of lim

Verb

lima

  1. simple past of lime
  2. past participle of lime

Norwegian Nynorsk

Noun

lima n pl

  1. definite plural of lim

Nukuoro

Etymology

From Proto-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Old Javanese

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Paiwan

Etymology

From Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Noun

lima

  1. (anatomy) hand

Pangasinan

Numeral

limá

  1. five

References

  1. Benton, Richard Anthony, Pangasinan dictionary (1971)

Pangutaran Sama

Etymology

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Papora

Etymology

From Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Phuthi

Etymology

From Proto-Bantu *-dɪ̀ma.

Verb

-lima

  1. to farm, cultivate
  2. to plough

Inflection

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Polish

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology

Borrowed from Spanish lima, from Andalusian Arabic لِيمَة (lima), from Arabic لَيْمُون (laymūn, lemon, lime), from Persian لیمو (lēmō, līmū).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈli.ma/
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -ima
  • Syllabification: li‧ma

Noun

lima f

  1. lime (citrus tree)
    Synonyms: limeta, limonka
  2. lime (green citrus fruit)

Declension

Further reading

  • lima in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • lima in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt

Pronunciation

 

Etymology 1

From Arabic لَيْمُون (laymūn, lemon, lime).

Noun

lima f (plural limas)

  1. lime (fruit)
Quotations

For quotations using this term, see Citations:lima.

Etymology 2

Borrowed from Latin līma.

Noun

lima f (plural limas)

  1. file (tool to smoothen a surface)
Quotations

For quotations using this term, see Citations:lima.

Descendants

Etymology 3

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

lima

  1. inflection of limar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative
Quotations

For quotations using this term, see Citations:limar.

See also

Colors in Portuguese · cores (layout · text)
     branco, alvo, cândido      cinza, gris,
cinzento
     preto, negro, atro
             vermelho,
encarnado, rubro,
salmão; carmim
             laranja,
cor de laranja; castanho,
marrom
             amarelo, lúteo; creme,
ocre
             verde-limão              verde              verde-água; verde-menta
             ciano,
turquesa; azul-petróleo
             azul-celeste              azul, índigo, anil
             violeta,
lilás
             magenta; roxo, púrpura              rosa,
cor-de-rosa, rosa-choque

Pukapukan

Pukapukan cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima
    Ordinal : lima

Etymology

From Proto-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five
  2. fifth

Further reading

Raga

Etymology

From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Ratahan

Etymology

From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Rotuman

Rotuman cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima

Etymology

From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Roviana

Etymology

From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Sakizaya

Etymology

From Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Pronunciation

Noun

lima

  1. (anatomy) hand

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Samoan

Samoan cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima

Etymology

From Proto-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

Borrowed from Italian lima, from Latin līma.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lîma/
  • Hyphenation: li‧ma

Noun

lȉma f (Cyrillic spelling ли̏ма)

  1. (regional) file (tool)

References

  • lima” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Sikaiana

Etymology

From Proto-Polynesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Spanish

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Andalusian Arabic لِيمَة (līma), from Arabic لَيْمُون (laymūn, lemon, lime).

Noun

lima f (plural limas)

  1. lime (fruit)
    Synonym: (Mexico) limón
  2. (Mexico) sweet lime (fruit)
  3. (dialectal) lemon (fruit)
See also

Etymology 2

From Latin līma.

Noun

lima f (plural limas)

  1. file (tool to smoothen a surface)
Derived terms

Verb

lima

  1. inflection of limar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

See also

Colors in Spanish · colores (layout · text)
     blanco      gris      negro
             rojo; carmín, carmesí              naranja, anaranjado; marrón              amarillo; crema
             lima              verde              menta
             cian, turquesa; azul-petróleo              celeste, cerúleo              azul
             violeta; añil, índigo              magenta; morado, púrpura              rosa, rosado

References

Further reading

Sundanese

Romanization

lima

  1. Romanization of ᮜᮤᮙ

Surigaonon

Surigaonon cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima
    Ordinal : ikalima

Etymology

From Proto-Bisayan *lima, from Proto-Central Philippine *lima, from Proto-Philippine * lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian * lima, from Proto-Austronesian * lima. Cognate with Cebuano lima and Tausug lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Swahili

Etymology

From Proto-Bantu *-dɪ̀ma.

Pronunciation

Verb

-lima (infinitive kulima)

  1. to cultivate, to farm
  2. to plough

Conjugation

Conjugation of -lima
Positive present -nalima
Subjunctive -lime
Negative -limi
Imperative singular lima
Infinitives
Positive kulima
Negative kutolima
Imperatives
Singular lima
Plural limeni
Tensed forms
Habitual hulima
Positive past positive subject concord + -lilima
Negative past negative subject concord + -kulima
Positive present (positive subject concord + -nalima)
Singular Plural
1st person ninalima/nalima tunalima
2nd person unalima mnalima
3rd person m-wa(I/II) analima wanalima
other classes positive subject concord + -nalima
Negative present (negative subject concord + -limi)
Singular Plural
1st person silimi hatulimi
2nd person hulimi hamlimi
3rd person m-wa(I/II) halimi hawalimi
other classes negative subject concord + -limi
Positive future positive subject concord + -talima
Negative future negative subject concord + -talima
Positive subjunctive (positive subject concord + -lime)
Singular Plural
1st person nilime tulime
2nd person ulime mlime
3rd person m-wa(I/II) alime walime
other classes positive subject concord + -lime
Negative subjunctive positive subject concord + -silime
Positive present conditional positive subject concord + -ngelima
Negative present conditional positive subject concord + -singelima
Positive past conditional positive subject concord + -ngalilima
Negative past conditional positive subject concord + -singalilima
Gnomic (positive subject concord + -alima)
Singular Plural
1st person nalima twalima
2nd person walima mwalima
3rd person m-wa(I/II) alima walima
m-mi(III/IV) walima yalima
ji-ma(V/VI) lalima yalima
ki-vi(VII/VIII) chalima vyalima
n(IX/X) yalima zalima
u(XI) walima see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) kwalima
pa(XVI) palima
mu(XVIII) mwalima
Perfect positive subject concord + -melima
"Already" positive subject concord + -meshalima
"Not yet" negative subject concord + -jalima
"If/When" positive subject concord + -kilima
"If not" positive subject concord + -sipolima
Consecutive kalima / positive subject concord + -kalima
Consecutive subjunctive positive subject concord + -kalime
Object concord (indicative positive)
Singular Plural
1st person -nilima -tulima
2nd person -kulima -walima/-kulimeni/-walimeni
3rd person m-wa(I/II) -mlima -walima
m-mi(III/IV) -ulima -ilima
ji-ma(V/VI) -lilima -yalima
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -kilima -vilima
n(IX/X) -ilima -zilima
u(XI) -ulima see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -kulima
pa(XVI) -palima
mu(XVIII) -mulima
Reflexive -jilima
Relative forms
General positive (positive subject concord + (object concord) + -lima- + relative marker)
Singular Plural
m-wa(I/II) -limaye -limao
m-mi(III/IV) -limao -limayo
ji-ma(V/VI) -limalo -limayo
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -limacho -limavyo
n(IX/X) -limayo -limazo
u(XI) -limao see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -limako
pa(XVI) -limapo
mu(XVIII) -limamo
Other forms (subject concord + tense marker + relative marker + (object concord) + -lima)
Singular Plural
m-wa(I/II) -yelima -olima
m-mi(III/IV) -olima -yolima
ji-ma(V/VI) -lolima -yolima
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -cholima -vyolima
n(IX/X) -yolima -zolima
u(XI) -olima see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -kolima
pa(XVI) -polima
mu(XVIII) -molima
Some forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.

Derived terms

Swazi

Etymology

From Proto-Bantu *-dɪ̀ma.

Verb

-lima

  1. to plough

Inflection

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Tagabawa

Etymology

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Tagakaulu Kalagan

Etymology

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Tagalog

Tagalog numbers (edit)
50
 ←  4 5 6  → 
    Cardinal: lima
    Spanish cardinal: singko
    Ordinal: ikalima, panlima
    Spanish ordinal: kinto, kinta
    Ordinal abbreviation: ika-5, pang-5
    Adverbial: makalima
    Multiplier: limang ibayo
    Distributive: tiglima, limahan, lima-lima
    Restrictive: lilima
    Fractional: kalima, sangkalima, ikalima, saikalima

Etymology

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima. Compare Atayal zima', Kanakanabu rima, Madurese lema, Malagasy dimy, Maori rima, Minangkabau limo, Rapa Nui rima, and Thao rima, Tiruray limo, Tongan nima, and Urak Lawoi' ลีมา (lima). See also Sanskrit नेम (nema, half).

Pronunciation

Numeral

limá (Baybayin spelling ᜎᜒᜋ)

  1. five
    Synonym: singko

Usage notes

  • To describe the quantity of something, the number is placed before the noun and affixed with -ng enclitic suffix when the word ends with a vowel, and a separate preposition, na, for a consonant.
    Isang saging, dalawang pinya
    One banana, two pineapples
    Apat na mansanas, anim na mangga
    Four apples, six mangos

Derived terms

Anagrams

Taroko

Etymology

From Proto-Atayalic *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Tausug

Etymology

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima.

Noun

lima

  1. (anatomy) hand

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Tetum

Etymology

From Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

To'abaita

Etymology

From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

References

  • Frantisek Lichtenberk, A Grammar of Toqabaqita (2008)

Tokelauan

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key):
  • Hyphenation: li‧ma

Etymology 1

Tokelauan cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima

From Proto-Polynesian *lima. Cognates include Hawaiian lima and Samoan lima.

Verb

lima

  1. (stative) to be five

Etymology 2

Te lima (2).

From Proto-Polynesian *lima. Cognates include Hawaiian lima and Samoan lima.

Noun

lima

  1. (anatomy) arm, hand

References

  • R. Simona, editor (1986), Tokelau Dictionary, Auckland: Office of Tokelau Affairs, page 185

Tolai

Etymology

From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Noun

lima

(anatomy)

  1. hand
  2. arm
  3. foreleg

References

  • Mosel, Ulrike (1980) Tolai and Tok Pisin: the influence of the substratum on the development of New Guinea Pidgin (Pacific Linguistics; Series B, no. 73)‎, Canberra: Australian National University, →ISBN

Tuvaluan

Tuvaluan cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima

Etymology

From Proto-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Uma

Etymology

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Uneapa

Etymology

From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Pronunciation

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Further reading

  • Terry Crowley et al, The Oceanic Languages (2013), page 368

Venda

Etymology

From Proto-Bantu *-dɪ̀ma.

Verb

lima

  1. to cultivate

Votic

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *lima.

Pronunciation

  • (Luutsa, Liivtšülä) IPA(key): /ˈlimɑ/,
  • Rhymes: -imɑ
  • Hyphenation: li‧ma

Noun

lima

  1. slime, mucus

Inflection

Declension of lima (type III/jalkõ, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative lima limad
genitive lima limojõ, limoi
partitive limma limoitõ, limoi
illative limmasõ, limma limoisõ
inessive limaz limoiz
elative limassõ limoissõ
allative limalõ limoilõ
adessive limallõ limoillõ
ablative limaltõ limoiltõ
translative limassi limoissi
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the terminative is formed by adding the suffix -ssaa to the short illative (sg) or the genitive.
***) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka to the genitive.

References

  • Hallap, V., Adler, E., Grünberg, S., Leppik, M. (2012) “lima”, in Vadja keele sõnaraamat [A dictionary of the Votic language], 2nd edition, Tallinn

Waray-Waray

Waray-Waray cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : lima
    Ordinal : ikalima

Etymology

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Pronunciation

Numeral

limá

  1. five

Woleaian

Etymology

From Proto-Oceanic *lima, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Xhosa

Etymology

From Proto-Bantu *-dɪ̀ma.

Verb

-lima

  1. to farm, cultivate
  2. to plough

Inflection

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Yami

Etymology

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Noun

lima

  1. (anatomy) hand

Numeral

lima

  1. five

Yogad

Etymology

From Proto-Philippine *lima, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima, from Proto-Austronesian *lima.

Numeral

limá

  1. five

Zulu

Etymology

From Proto-Bantu *-dɪ̀ma.

Verb

-lima

  1. to farm, cultivate
  2. to plough

Inflection

Tone L
Infinitive ukulima
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukulima ukungalimi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular lima -lime
Plural limani -limeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyalima, ngilima engilimayo, engilima ngilima angilimi engingalimi ngingalimi
2nd singular uyalima, ulima olimayo, olima ulima awulimi ongalimi ungalimi
1st plural siyalima, silima esilimayo, esilima silima asilimi esingalimi singalimi
2nd plural niyalima, nilima enilimayo, enilima nilima anilimi eningalimi ningalimi
Class 1 uyalima, ulima olimayo, olima elima akalimi ongalimi engalimi
Class 2 bayalima, balima abalimayo, abalima belima abalimi abangalimi bengalimi
Class 3 uyalima, ulima olimayo, olima ulima awulimi ongalimi ungalimi
Class 4 iyalima, ilima elimayo, elima ilima ayilimi engalimi ingalimi
Class 5 liyalima, lilima elilimayo, elilima lilima alilimi elingalimi lingalimi
Class 6 ayalima, alima alimayo, alima elima awalimi angalimi engalimi
Class 7 siyalima, silima esilimayo, esilima silima asilimi esingalimi singalimi
Class 8 ziyalima, zilima ezilimayo, ezilima zilima azilimi ezingalimi zingalimi
Class 9 iyalima, ilima elimayo, elima ilima ayilimi engalimi ingalimi
Class 10 ziyalima, zilima ezilimayo, ezilima zilima azilimi ezingalimi zingalimi
Class 11 luyalima, lulima olulimayo, olulima lulima alulimi olungalimi lungalimi
Class 14 buyalima, bulima obulimayo, obulima bulima abulimi obungalimi bungalimi
Class 15 kuyalima, kulima okulimayo, okulima kulima akulimi okungalimi kungalimi
Class 17 kuyalima, kulima okulimayo, okulima kulima akulimi okungalimi kungalimi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngilimile, ngilimē engilimile, engilimē ngilimile, ngilimē angilimanga engingalimanga ngingalimanga
2nd singular ulimile, ulimē olimile, olimē ulimile, ulimē awulimanga ongalimanga ungalimanga
1st plural silimile, silimē esilimile, esilimē silimile, silimē asilimanga esingalimanga singalimanga
2nd plural nilimile, nilimē enilimile, enilimē nilimile, nilimē anilimanga eningalimanga ningalimanga
Class 1 ulimile, ulimē olimile, olimē elimile, elimē akalimanga ongalimanga engalimanga
Class 2 balimile, balimē abalimile, abalimē belimile, belimē abalimanga abangalimanga bengalimanga
Class 3 ulimile, ulimē olimile, olimē ulimile, ulimē awulimanga ongalimanga ungalimanga
Class 4 ilimile, ilimē elimile, elimē ilimile, ilimē ayilimanga engalimanga ingalimanga
Class 5 lilimile, lilimē elilimile, elilimē lilimile, lilimē alilimanga elingalimanga lingalimanga
Class 6 alimile, alimē alimile, alimē elimile, elimē awalimanga angalimanga engalimanga
Class 7 silimile, silimē esilimile, esilimē silimile, silimē asilimanga esingalimanga singalimanga
Class 8 zilimile, zilimē ezilimile, ezilimē zilimile, zilimē azilimanga ezingalimanga zingalimanga
Class 9 ilimile, ilimē elimile, elimē ilimile, ilimē ayilimanga engalimanga ingalimanga
Class 10 zilimile, zilimē ezilimile, ezilimē zilimile, zilimē azilimanga ezingalimanga zingalimanga
Class 11 lulimile, lulimē olulimile, olulimē lulimile, lulimē alulimanga olungalimanga lungalimanga
Class 14 bulimile, bulimē obulimile, obulimē bulimile, bulimē abulimanga obungalimanga bungalimanga
Class 15 kulimile, kulimē okulimile, okulimē kulimile, kulimē akulimanga okungalimanga kungalimanga
Class 17 kulimile, kulimē okulimile, okulimē kulimile, kulimē akulimanga okungalimanga kungalimanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngālima engālima ngālima angilimanga engingalimanga ngingalimanga
2nd singular wālima owālima wālima awulimanga ongalimanga ungalimanga
1st plural sālima esālima sālima asilimanga esingalimanga singalimanga
2nd plural nālima enālima nālima anilimanga eningalimanga ningalimanga
Class 1 wālima owālima ālima akalimanga ongalimanga engalimanga
Class 2 bālima abālima bālima abalimanga abangalimanga bengalimanga
Class 3 wālima owālima wālima awulimanga ongalimanga ungalimanga
Class 4 yālima eyālima yālima ayilimanga engalimanga ingalimanga
Class 5 lālima elālima lālima alilimanga elingalimanga lingalimanga
Class 6 ālima ālima ālima awalimanga angalimanga engalimanga
Class 7 sālima esālima sālima asilimanga esingalimanga singalimanga
Class 8 zālima ezālima zālima azilimanga ezingalimanga zingalimanga
Class 9 yālima eyālima yālima ayilimanga engalimanga ingalimanga
Class 10 zālima ezālima zālima azilimanga ezingalimanga zingalimanga
Class 11 lwālima olwālima lwālima alulimanga olungalimanga lungalimanga
Class 14 bālima obālima bālima abulimanga obungalimanga bungalimanga
Class 15 kwālima okwālima kwālima akulimanga okungalimanga kungalimanga
Class 17 kwālima okwālima kwālima akulimanga okungalimanga kungalimanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingalima ngingalima ngingelime ngingelime
2nd singular ungalima ungalima ungelime ungelime
1st plural singalima singalima singelime singelime
2nd plural ningalima ningalima ningelime ningelime
Class 1 angalima engalima angelime engelime
Class 2 bangalima bengalima bangelime bengelime
Class 3 ungalima ungalima ungelime ungelime
Class 4 ingalima ingalima ingelime ingelime
Class 5 lingalima lingalima lingelime lingelime
Class 6 angalima engalima angelime engelime
Class 7 singalima singalima singelime singelime
Class 8 zingalima zingalima zingelime zingelime
Class 9 ingalima ingalima ingelime ingelime
Class 10 zingalima zingalima zingelime zingelime
Class 11 lungalima lungalima lungelime lungelime
Class 14 bungalima bungalima bungelime bungelime
Class 15 kungalima kungalima kungelime kungelime
Class 17 kungalima kungalima kungelime kungelime
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizolima engizolima ngizolima angizulima engingezulima ngingezulima
2nd singular uzolima ozolima uzolima awuzulima ongezulima ungezulima
1st plural sizolima esizolima sizolima asizulima esingezulima singezulima
2nd plural nizolima enizolima nizolima anizulima eningezulima ningezulima
Class 1 uzolima ozolima ezolima akazulima ongezulima engezulima
Class 2 bazolima abazolima bezolima abazulima abangezulima bengezulima
Class 3 uzolima ozolima uzolima awuzulima ongezulima ungezulima
Class 4 izolima ezolima izolima ayizulima engezulima ingezulima
Class 5 lizolima elizolima lizolima alizulima elingezulima lingezulima
Class 6 azolima azolima ezolima awazulima angezulima engezulima
Class 7 sizolima esizolima sizolima asizulima esingezulima singezulima
Class 8 zizolima ezizolima zizolima azizulima ezingezulima zingezulima
Class 9 izolima ezolima izolima ayizulima engezulima ingezulima
Class 10 zizolima ezizolima zizolima azizulima ezingezulima zingezulima
Class 11 luzolima oluzolima luzolima aluzulima olungezulima lungezulima
Class 14 buzolima obuzolima buzolima abuzulima obungezulima bungezulima
Class 15 kuzolima okuzolima kuzolima akuzulima okungezulima kungezulima
Class 17 kuzolima okuzolima kuzolima akuzulima okungezulima kungezulima
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyolima engiyolima ngiyolima angiyulima engingeyulima ngingeyulima
2nd singular uyolima oyolima uyolima awuyulima ongeyulima ungeyulima
1st plural siyolima esiyolima siyolima asiyulima esingeyulima singeyulima
2nd plural niyolima eniyolima niyolima aniyulima eningeyulima ningeyulima
Class 1 uyolima oyolima eyolima akayulima ongeyulima engeyulima
Class 2 bayolima abayolima beyolima abayulima abangeyulima bengeyulima
Class 3 uyolima oyolima uyolima awuyulima ongeyulima ungeyulima
Class 4 iyolima eyolima iyolima ayiyulima engeyulima ingeyulima
Class 5 liyolima eliyolima liyolima aliyulima elingeyulima lingeyulima
Class 6 ayolima ayolima eyolima awayulima angeyulima engeyulima
Class 7 siyolima esiyolima siyolima asiyulima esingeyulima singeyulima
Class 8 ziyolima eziyolima ziyolima aziyulima ezingeyulima zingeyulima
Class 9 iyolima eyolima iyolima ayiyulima engeyulima ingeyulima
Class 10 ziyolima eziyolima ziyolima aziyulima ezingeyulima zingeyulima
Class 11 luyolima oluyolima luyolima aluyulima olungeyulima lungeyulima
Class 14 buyolima obuyolima buyolima abuyulima obungeyulima bungeyulima
Class 15 kuyolima okuyolima kuyolima akuyulima okungeyulima kungeyulima
Class 17 kuyolima okuyolima kuyolima akuyulima okungeyulima kungeyulima
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngilime ngingalimi
2nd singular ulime ungalimi
1st plural silime singalimi
2nd plural nilime ningalimi
Class 1 alime angalimi
Class 2 balime bangalimi
Class 3 ulime ungalimi
Class 4 ilime ingalimi
Class 5 lilime lingalimi
Class 6 alime angalimi
Class 7 silime singalimi
Class 8 zilime zingalimi
Class 9 ilime ingalimi
Class 10 zilime zingalimi
Class 11 lulime lungalimi
Class 14 bulime bungalimi
Class 15 kulime kungalimi
Class 17 kulime kungalimi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngalima ngangalima, angalima, angangalima
2nd singular walima wangalima, awalima, awangalima
1st plural salima sangalima, asalima, asangalima
2nd plural nalima nangalima, analima, anangalima
Class 1 walima wangalima, akalima, akangalima
Class 2 balima bangalima, abalima, abangalima
Class 3 walima wangalima, awalima, awangalima
Class 4 yalima yangalima, ayalima, ayangalima
Class 5 lalima langalima, alalima, alangalima
Class 6 alima angalima, awalima, awangalima
Class 7 salima sangalima, asalima, asangalima
Class 8 zalima zangalima, azalima, azangalima
Class 9 yalima yangalima, ayalima, ayangalima
Class 10 zalima zangalima, azalima, azangalima
Class 11 lwalima lwangalima, alwalima, alwangalima
Class 14 balima bangalima, abalima, abangalima
Class 15 kwalima kwangalima, akwalima, akwangalima
Class 17 kwalima kwangalima, akwalima, akwangalima

Derived terms

References