si

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Translingual

Symbol

si

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-1 language code for Sinhalese.

English

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Middle English si (seventh degree or note of Guido of Arezzo's hexachordal scales), Italian si in the solmization of Guido of Arezzo, from the initials of Latin Sāncte Iohannēs (Saint John (the Baptist)) in the lyrics of the scale-ascending hymn Ut queant laxis by Paulus Deacon; thus, also an initialism of Sāncte Iohannēs.

Pronunciation

Noun

si (plural sis)

  1. (music) A syllable used in solfège to represent the seventh note of a major scale.

Translations

Anagrams

Albanian

Etymology

Varying reconstructions. Orel descends it from Proto-Albanian *tšei, Matzinger from Proto-Albanian *čī. Ultimately from instrumental Proto-Indo-European *kwi-h₁. Compare Latin qui (how, why), Old English hwȳ, hwī (why). An interrogative and relative pronoun, especially in connection with a preposition.

Pronunciation

Adverb

si

  1. how; in what way; in what state
    Si janë shokët e tu?How are your friends?
  2. like, as
    Si e dini, nuk kemi filluar ende.
    As you know, we've not yet begun.

Derived terms

See also

References

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir E. (1998) “si”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, →ISBN, page 395
  2. ^ Schumacher, Stefan, Matzinger, Joachim (2013) Die Verben des Altalbanischen: Belegwörterbuch, Vorgeschichte und Etymologie (Albanische Forschungen; 33) (in German), Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, →ISBN, page 225

Alemannic German

Etymology 1

From Old High German siu, from Proto-Germanic *sī. Cognate with German sie (she; it), Gothic 𐍃𐌹 (si), Old English sēo.

Pronoun

si f

  1. she
  2. it (for referents of the feminine grammatical gender)
Declension

Etymology 2

From Old High German sie m pl, sio f pl, siu n pl. Cognate with German sie, Dutch zij.

Pronoun

si pl

  1. they
Declension

Etymology 3

From Middle High German sein, sīn, from Old High German sīn, from Proto-Germanic *sīnaz. Cognate with German sein, Dutch zijn, West Frisian syn, Icelandic sinn.

Alternative forms

Determiner

si

  1. his
Declension

Inflected forms include:

Singular Plural
masculine feminine neuter
Nominative
Accusative
si sini si sini
Genitive sines & si's sines
Dative si'm & sim siner si'm & sim sine

Etymology 4

From Middle High German sīn, from Old High German sīn. Cognate with German sein, Dutch zijn, Low German sien.

Alternative forms

Verb

si

  1. (Gressoney) to be

References

Asturian

Etymology

From Latin si.

Conjunction

si

  1. if

Bahnar

Etymology

From Proto-Bahnaric *ciː, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *ciiʔ (louse); cognate with Vietnamese chí, chấy.

Pronunciation

Noun

si

  1. louse

Belizean Creole

Etymology

From English see.

Verb

si

  1. see

References

  • Crosbie, Paul, ed. (2007), Kriol-Inglish Dikshineri: English-Kriol Dictionary. Belize City: Belize Kriol Project, pp. 315–316.

Bikol Central

Etymology

Compare Chamorro si, Indonesian si, Malay si, and Tagalog si.

Pronunciation

Article

si (plural sina)

  1. direct marker placed before names or terms of address of people
    Nagdalagan si Juan.Juan ran.
    Dinara ninda si Tatay sa ospital.They brought Father to the hospital.
  2. direct marker placed before an adjective used to refer to a person with those distinct characteristics
    Yaon na si Taba.Fatso is here.
  3. (Naga) direct marker placed before common nouns
    Synonym: su
    Kinua ko na si pakete.I already got the package

See also

Catalan

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Old Catalan si, from Latin si (if).

Conjunction

si

  1. if

See also

Etymology 2

From Latin Sancte Iohannes (Saint John) in the hymn for St. John the Baptist.

Noun

si m (plural sis)

  1. (music) si (seventh note of a diatonic scale)

Etymology 3

From Old Catalan si~sin, from Latin sĭnus.

Noun

si m (plural sins)

  1. cavity, depression
  2. (anatomy) sinus
  3. (figuratively) uterus
  4. front portion of the breast
  5. (figuratively) heart
  6. estuary, bay
See also

Etymology 4

From Latin sĭbī.

Pronoun

si

  1. himself, herself, itself
  2. oneself
  3. themselves
  4. each other
Usage notes
  • Si is the stressed (or "strong", or "tonic") form of the reflexive pronoun es. As such, it is used after prepositions.
Declension
See also

See also

Central Franconian

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Middle High German sīn.

Pronunciation

Determiner

si (masculine senge or singe, feminine and plural seng or sing)

  1. (Ripuarian) his, its (third-person masculine and neuter possessive)
    Wo hät e dann si Jlas henjestallt?Where did he put his glass?

Usage notes

  • The form seng/sing is used for the neuter when strongly stressed: Dat es sing Jlas! (That's his glass!) Contrariwise, the form si may be used for the masculine and feminine when unstressed, chiefly with words for relatives: si Papp (“his father”, but less common than senge Papp).

Chamorro

Etymology

Compare Bikol Central si, Indonesian si, and Malay si.

Preposition

si

  1. Subject marker for personal names

Chavacano

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Inherited from Spanish .

Particle

si

  1. yes

Etymology 2

Inherited from Spanish si (if).

Conjunction

si

  1. if

Cimbrian

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Middle High German si(e), from Old High German siu, from Proto-West Germanic *sī, from Proto-Germanic *sī, nominative singular feminine of *iz. Cognate with German sie.

Pronoun

si

  1. (Luserna) she, it

Inflection

Personal pronouns
singular plural
1st person i biar
2nd person du iar
3rd person er, si, 'z se

References

Cornish

Etymology 1

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

si m (plural siow)

  1. hiss, buzz
Derived terms

Etymology 2

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb

si

  1. (transitive) to fancy
Derived terms
  • sians (notion, whim)

Czech

Etymology

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *si.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

si (reflexive)

  1. clitic dative of sebe:
    to oneself
    to myself
    to yourself
    Posluž si.Serve yourself.
    to himself
    to herself
    to itself
    to ourselves
    to yourselves
    to themselves
    Synonym: (stressed) sobě

Further reading

  • si in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • si in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dalmatian

Etymology

From Latin sex.

Numeral

si

  1. six

Danish

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology

From Old Norse sía (to sieve, filter).

Pronunciation

Noun

si c (singular definite sien, plural indefinite sier)

  1. sieve
  2. strainer
  3. colander

Inflection

Verb

si (imperative si, infinitive at si, present tense sier, past tense siede, perfect tense har siet)

  1. sieve
  2. strain
  3. sift

Dutch

Pronunciation

Noun

si m or f (plural si's, diminutive sietje n)

  1. musical note; ti

Anagrams

Esperanto

Etymology

From Italian si, French soi, Spanish se, Latin se, plus the i of personal pronouns.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

si (reflexive, accusative sin, possessive sia)

  1. himself, herself, itself, themselves, oneself

Usage notes

The reflexive pronoun si is only used to refer to the third person (In English: he/she/it/they) not the first or second person (In English: I/we/you). When the subject of a sentence is first or second person, the same pronoun is repeated (with the accusative ending -n added if needed) instead of using si. (E.g. "they wash themselves" is ili lavas sin, but "I wash myself" is mi lavas min, instead of *mi lavas sin.)

Ewe

Verb

si

  1. to escape

Fala

Etymology 1

From Old Galician-Portuguese se, from Latin (if).

Conjunction

si

  1. if (used to introduce a condition or choice)
    • 2000, Domingo Frades Gaspar, Vamus a falal: Notas pâ coñocel y platical en nosa fala, Editora regional da Extremadura, Theme I, Chapter 1: Lengua Española:
      I si “a patria do homi é sua lengua”, cumu idía Albert Camus, o que está claru é que a lengua está mui por encima de fronteiras, serras, rius i maris, de situaciós pulíticas i sociu-económicas, de lazus religiosus e inclusu familiaris.
      And if “a man’s homeland is his language”, as Albert Camus said, what is clear is that language is above borders, mountain ranges, rivers and seas, above political and socio-economic situations, of religious and even family ties.

Etymology 2

Pronoun

si

  1. Alternative form of se
    • 2000, Domingo Frades Gaspar, Vamus a falal: Notas pâ coñocel y platical en nosa fala, Editora regional da Extremadura, Theme I, Chapter 2: Númerus?:
      As lenguas, idiomas, dialectus o falas tenin un-as funciós mui claras desde o principiu dos siglu i si hai contabilizaus en o mundu un-as 8.000 lenguas, ca un-a con sua importancia numérica relativa, a nossa fala é un tesoiru mais entre elas.
      The tongues, languages or regional variants have some very clear functions since the beginning of the centuries and some 8,000 languages have been accounted for in the world, each with its relative numerical importance, Fala is yet another treasure among them.

French

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Old French se, from Latin si (if).

Conjunction

si

  1. if, whether
    Je me demande si elle sera seule.I wonder if she'll be alone.
    Je veux savoir si tu viendras ou non.I want to know if you're coming or not.
  2. if (assuming that)
    Si j’avais ses pouvoirs, je créerais un monde où le mal n’existe pas.If I had his power, I'd create a world where evil didn't exist.
    Si tu n’avais pas appelé, je serais morte.If you hadn't called, I'd be dead.
  3. even if
  4. although, while
Usage notes

Elided preceding il or ils, resulting in the contracted forms s’il and s’ils.

Derived terms

Etymology 2

From Old French si, from Latin sic (so, thus). Doublet of sic.

Interjection

si

  1. yes (used to contradict a negative statement)
    Synonym: (archaic) si fait
    Tu ne m’aimes pas, n’est-ce pas ? — Si !
    You don’t like me, do you? — Yes, I do!
    Moi, je n’ai rien fait ! — Si !
    I didn't do anything! — Yes, you did!
Usage notes

The positive particle usage is uncommon in Québec, where most speakers use oui instead.

Adverb

si

  1. so, such (intensifier)
    J’étais si fatigué ces jours-ci que je n’avais pas le courage de vous écrire.
    I was so tired those days that I didn't have the energy to write to you.
    Cela n’aurait pas été une si bonne idée.
    That wouldn't have been such a good idea.
  2. (si + adjective/adverb + que ...) however (to whatever extent or degree)
    Synonyms: aussi, tout, quelque
    Si bavard qu’il soit, il ne dit rien de stupide.
    However talkative he may be, he doesn't say anything stupid.
    • 2017, Luc Brisson, Platon:
      Mais un législateur qui aurait un tant soit peu de worth, si infime soit elle, quand bien même il n’en irait pas comme l’argument vient de le démontrer, n’aurait-il pas commis en cette occasion, plus qu’en n’importe quelle autre circonstance où il aurait eu l’audace de mentir aux jeunes gens dans l’intérêt du bien, son plus utile mensonge, celui capable de faire que tous, non pas de force mais de leur plein gré, se conduisent de façon entièrement juste ?
      But a legislator who would have the slightest bit of valour, however tiny it may be, even if it were not as the argument has just demonstrated, would he not have committed on this occasion, more than in any other circumstance where he would have had the audacity to lie to young people in the interest of the good, his most useful lie, the one capable of making everyone, not by force but of their own accord, behave in an entirely just fashion?
Usage notes
  • In the sense however, the verb is usually in the subjunctive.
  • The que is sometimes replaced by an inverted-subject construction with a subjunctive verbal element and nominal, usually a personal pronoun.
    si heureuse soit-ellehowever happy she may be
    si faible paraisse-t-ilhowever weak he may seem

Etymology 3

Noun

si m (plural si)

  1. (music) si, the note 'B'
Derived terms

Further reading

Friulian

Etymology

From Latin se.

Pronoun

si (third person)

  1. (reflexive) himself, herself

Galician

"Statute of Galicia: yes", pro-Galician devolved government, 1936

Etymology 1

From Latin sīc.

Interjection

si

  1. yes
    Antonym: non

Etymology 2

From Latin , ablative and accusative pronoun form.

Pronoun

si (accusative se, dative se)

  1. himself, herself, itself
  2. themselves
Usage notes

The pronoun si is used exclusively as the object of a preposition; no nominative form exists.

Etymology 3

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

si m (plural sis)

  1. (music) si (musical note)
  2. (music) B (the musical note or key)
See also

Gothic

Romanization

si

  1. Romanization of 𐍃𐌹

Guinea-Bissau Creole

Etymology

From Portuguese se. Cognate with Kabuverdianu si.

Conjunction

si

  1. if

Haitian Creole

Etymology

From French si.

Pronunciation

Conjunction

si

  1. if

Iau

Noun

si

  1. woman

References

  • Bill Palmer, The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area (→ISBN, 2017), page 531, table 95, Comparative basic vocabulary in Lakes Plain Languages

Ido

Etymology

Borrowed from Italian Spanish .

Pronunciation

Adverb

si

  1. (archaic) yes
    Synonym: yes
    Antonym: no

References

  • Progreso I (in Ido), 1908–1909, page 10

Indonesian

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Proto-Austronesian *si. Compare Bikol Central si, Chamorro si, and Malay si, Tagalog si.

Article

si

  1. Definite article used before the names of those with whom the speaker and interlocutor is intimate
    Tiada satupun yang berani pada si Tigor pemberani.No one dared to brave Tigor.
    Kukatakan pada si Yopi kecil, janganlah marahI said to little Yopi, don't angry.
    Kudengar bahwa si Tuti besar sedang sakitI hear that big Tuti is ill.
  2. Definite article used before a noun referring to a particular person in a category
    Si penjual jamu itu cantik sekali.That jamu seller is very pretty.
    Dia tertawa dengan si orang asing itu.She was laughing with the foreigner.
    Si pemuda itu tersenyum lebar lalu pergi.The young man smiled broadly then left.
  3. Definite article used before an adjective referring to a person whose well-known characteristics are referred to by the adjective
    Namanya si PutihIts name is Whitey.
    Si GendutFatso
    Si GoblokOld Muttonhead

Etymology 2

Noun

si

  1. (law enforcement) aphetic form of seksi (section)

Interlingua

Adverb

si

  1. yes

Italian

Alternative forms

Etymology 1

From Latin se (him-, her-, it-, themselves, reflexive third-person pronoun). Cognate with Spanish se and Portuguese se and si.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

si

  1. (reflexive) oneself, himself, herself, itself, themselves
    Il tuo gatto si lava sul mio letto.Your cat cleans himself/itself on my bed.
    La tua gatta si lava sul mio letto.Your cat cleans herself on my bed.
    Marco si è rotto il braccio.Marco has broken his arm.
  2. (reciprocal pronoun) each other, one another
    Carlo e Laura si amano.Carlo and Laura love each other.
  3. (indefinite) one, you, we, they, people
    In Italia si pranza intorno all'una.In Italy they eat lunch around 13.
    In Italia si tende ad andare a letto tardi.In Italy, people tend to go to bed late.
    Si dice che Maria volesse uccidere Giovanni.It is said that Maria wanted to kill Giovanni.
    Da questa finestra si vede la banca.From this window, one can see the bank.
  4. (si passivante) Used to form the passive voice of a verb; it
    Si vende latte. / Vendesi latte.Milk for sale.
    Non si accettano carte di credito.Credit cards are not accepted.
  5. (dialectal, notably Rome) reflexive and reciprocal first person pronoun, where Standard Italian uses ci
    Se semo fatti sei chilometri a fette. (Ci siamo fatti sei chilometri a piedi.)
    We walked for six kilometers.
    Volemose bene. (Vogliamoci bene.)
    Let's love each other.
    Se la smezzamo? (Ce la dividiamo?)
    Do you want to split?
    • 1483, Matteo Maria Boiardo, Orlando Innamorato, I, XVIII, lines 37–39:
      Ambo se poseremo in questo prato
      e domatina, come il giorno pare,
      ritornaremo insieme a battagliare.
      We will both lay down in this meadow
      and tomorrow morning, when the day appears,
      together we will go back to fight.
Usage notes
  • When si is part of an infinitive, it can be placed before it as a separate word, but more often it is attached to the end. In this case, the final -e of the infinitive is dropped, or, in the case of infinitives ending in -rre, the final -re is dropped. Examples: amar(e) + si = amarsi; ridur(re) + si = ridursi.
  • Often translated using the passive voice in English when used as indefinite personal pronoun:
    Si dice che []It is said that
  • Verb + si is often translated as become or get + in English.
  • In cases where si (indefinite pronoun) and si (reflexive pronoun) follow each other, the first si is replaced with ci:
    Ci si lava.One washes oneself.
    (instead of: *Si si lava.)
  • Becomes se when followed by a third-person direct object clitic (lo, la, li, le, or ne).

See also

Etymology 2

  • IPA(key): /ˈsi/, /ˈsi/*
  • Rhymes: -i
  • Hyphenation:

Noun

si

  1. (music) si (musical note B)

See also

Further reading

Jamaican Creole

Etymology

Derived from English see.

Pronunciation

Verb

si

  1. to see
    Mi wuda laik si im tu.
    I'd like to see him too.

Preposition

si

  1. (Used with ya) Here is; here are.
    Si Jan ya.
    Here is John.
    Si yu buk-dem ya.
    Here are your books.

Further reading

  • si at majstro.com

Japanese

Romanization

si

  1. The katakana syllable スィ (si) in Hepburn-like romanization.

Japhug

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *səj (to die). Cognate with Tibetan ཤི (shi), Chinese (OC *hljiʔ).

Verb

si

  1. (Kamnyu, intransitive) to die

Etymology 2

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *siŋ ~ *sik (tree; wood; firewood). Cognate with Tibetan ཤིང (shing, tree), Chinese (OC *siŋ, “firewood”), Tangut 𗝠 (*sji¹, tree).

Noun

si

  1. (Kamnyu) tree
  2. (Kamnyu) wood

References

  1. ^ Zhang, Shuya, Jacques, Guillaume, Lai, Yunfan (2019) “A study of cognates between Gyalrong languages and Old Chinese”, in Journal of Language Relationship, volume 17, number 1, →DOI, page 89
  2. ^ Zhang, Shuya, Jacques, Guillaume, Lai, Yunfan (2019) “A study of cognates between Gyalrong languages and Old Chinese”, in Journal of Language Relationship, volume 17, number 1, →DOI, page 85
  3. ^ Jacques, Guillaume (2014) Esquisse de phonologie et de morphologie historique du tangoute, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 100
  • Guillaume Jacques, Argument Demotion in Japhug Rgyalrong (2012)
  • Guillaume Jacques (2021) A grammar of Japhug, Berlin: Language Science Press, →ISBN

Kabuverdianu

Etymology 1

From Portuguese se.

Conjunction

si

  1. if

Etymology 2

From Portuguese sim.

Adverb

si

  1. yes

Khumi Chin

Si.

Pronunciation

Noun

si

  1. wild cow

References

  • K. E. Herr (2011) The phonological interpretation of minor syllables, applied to Lemi Chin, Payap University, page 50

Koro (India)

Noun

si

  1. water

References

  • Roger Blench, Mark Post, (De)classifying Arunachal languages: Reconstructing the evidence (2011)

Kusaal

Etymology

from French scie (saw)

Noun

si

  1. saw (tool)

Ladin

Etymology

From Latin .

Adjective

si

  1. (possessive) his, her, hers, its, their

Latin

Alternative forms

  • sei (standard in Republican spelling)

Etymology

From Proto-Italic *sei (so, thus) used in parataxis, likely via the meaning "in this" as the locative singular of Proto-Indo-European *só (this, that); this older meaning is preserved in Latin sīc as well as in the oath sī dīs placet, cf. English so help me God. Related to Old English (he, that).

Pronunciation

Conjunction

  1. if, supposing that
    versūs hōrum duōrum poētārum neglegētis, magnā parte litterārum carēbitis.
    If you neglect the verses of these two poets, you will miss a great part of literature.
  2. whether (when a verb of seeing or trying is the main verb in the apodosis; or when is used twice correlatively)
    ... whether... or

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Aromanian: si
  • Catalan: si
  • Franco-Provençal: se
  • French: si
  • Friulian: se
  • Galician: se
  • Italian: se
  • Occitan: se
  • Portuguese: se
    • Guinea-Bissau Creole: si
    • Kabuverdianu: si
    • Papiamentu: si
  • Romanian:
  • Romansch: sche
  • Sicilian: si
  • Spanish: si

References

  • si in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • si in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • si in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • si in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • si in Richard Stillwell et al., editor (1976), The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) “sī, sīc”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 561

Latvian

Noun

si m (invariable)

  1. (music) si

Lolopo

Etymology

From Proto-Loloish *ʃe² (to die), from Proto-Lolo-Burmese *səj¹ (to die), from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *səj (to die).

Pronunciation

Verb

si 

  1. (Yao'an) to die

Noun

si 

  1. (Yao'an) death

References

  • Merrifield, Judith, Merrifield, Scott (2018) “Query for si”, in Yao'an Loxrlavu – English Dictionary (in Chinese), SIL International

Louisiana Creole

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Inherited from French si (if).

Conjunction

si

  1. if

Etymology 2

Inherited from French si (so).

Adverb

si

  1. so (intensifier)

Etymology 3

Louisiana Creole cardinal numbers
 <  5 6 7  > 
    Cardinal : si

Inherited from French six (six).

Numeral

si

  1. six
Usage notes
  • Precedes consonant-initial words. See usage notes at sis.

Luxembourgish

Pronunciation

Pronoun

si

  1. third-person feminine singular, nominative: she
    Si ass eng ganz schéi Fra.She is a very beautiful woman
  2. third-person feminine singular, accusative: her
    Den Hond huet si gebass.The dog bit her
  3. third-person plural, nominative: they
    Si si ganz schéi Fraen.They are very beautiful women.
  4. third-person plural, accusative: them
    Den Hond huet si gebass.The dog bit them

Usage notes

  • The feminine singular is used chiefly with feminine words for things. Female persons are predominantly treated as grammatically neuter, though the feminine is not impossible. See hatt for more.

Declension

Macanese

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Portuguese se.

Conjunction

si

  1. if (introduces a condition)
    si nuncaotherwise (literally, “if not”)
    si sâm capazif you are brave / if you dare
    si más pricisâif more is needed
    si já falâ co iouif you had told me
    si vosôtro querê vêmif you (pl.) want to come
    iou vai olâ si têmI'm going to see if there is any
    si têm vagar lôgo vêmI'll come if I have time

Derived terms

References

Malay

Etymology

From Proto-Austronesian *si₁. Compare Compare Berik si, Chamorro si, Indonesian si, and Tagalog si.

Article

si

  1. the (primarily used with people, rarely necessary)
    Ke mana perginya si budak nakal yang aku jumpa di taman tadi?
    Where has the brat I just met in the park headed to?
  2. definite particle used with adjectives to describe people
    si mati
    the dead (person)
  3. a definite article used in names or nicknames
    Si Polan
    John Doe

Synonyms

Mandarin

Romanization

si (si5si0, Zhuyin ˙ㄙ)

  1. Hanyu Pinyin reading of

si

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of .
  3. Nonstandard spelling of .

Usage notes

  • Transcriptions of Mandarin into the Latin script often do not distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without indication of tone.

Mauritian Creole

Etymology

From French si.

Pronunciation

Conjunction

si

  1. if

Derived terms

Interjection

si

  1. yes (used to contradict a negative statement)

Middle Dutch

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Old Dutch sia.

Alternative forms

Pronoun

si

  1. she
Inflection
Descendants
  • Dutch: zij
    • Afrikaans: sy
  • Limburgish: zie

Etymology 2

From Old Dutch sia.

Alternative forms

Pronoun

si

  1. they (all genders)
Inflection
Descendants

Etymology 3

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

si

  1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive of wēsen

Further reading

  • si (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • si (III)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • Verwijs, E., Verdam, J. (1885–1929) “si (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN, page I

Middle English

Etymology

From Old English sīe, singular subjunctive of wesan, from Proto-Germanic *sijǭ (first person), *sijēs (second person), and *sijē (third person), singular subjunctive forms of *wesaną.

Verb

si

  1. (Early Middle English, rare) singular present subjunctive of been

Middle French

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Old French se.

Adverb

si

  1. if
  2. then (afterwards; following)

Descendants

  • French: si

Middle Low German

Pronunciation

Pronoun

  1. Alternative form of

Mòcheno

Etymology

From Middle High German si(e), from Old High German siu, from Proto-West Germanic *sī, from Proto-Germanic *sī, nominative singular feminine of *iz. Cognate with German sie.

Pronoun

si

  1. she, it

Inflection

Personal pronouns
singular plural
1st person i biar
2nd person du ir
3rd person er, si, s sei

References

Mokilese

Pronunciation

Noun

si

  1. ear

Declension

Molo

Noun

si

  1. water

References

  • Marvin Lionel Bender, Topics in Nilo-Saharan linguistics (1989)

Nalca

Noun

si

  1. tooth
  2. name

Norman

Etymology

From Old French si, from Latin si (if).

Conjunction

si

  1. (Guernsey) if

Norwegian Bokmål

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Old Norse segja, from Proto-Germanic *sagjaną, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *sekʷ- (to say).

Verb

si (imperative si, present tense sier, passive sies, past tense sa, past participle sagt, present participle siende)

  1. to say
Derived terms

See also

Etymology 2

Determiner

si

  1. feminine singular of sin
See also

Etymology 3

See the main entry.

Noun

si (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of side, used only in the phrase på si.

Etymology 4

Noun

si (uncountable)

  1. (music) si (seventh note of a major scale)

References

  • “si” in The Bokmål Dictionary.
  • si” in The Ordnett Dictionary

Anagrams

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology 1

Determiner

si f

  1. feminine singular of sin

Etymology 2

Acronym of Latin Sancte Ioannes, the phrase ending the hymn Ut queant laxis from earlier words of which the other notes of solfège were derived. A younger alteration, ti, allows for every note of the solfège to begin with a different letter.

Pronunciation

Noun

si m (definite singular si-en, indefinite plural si-ar, definite plural si-ane)

  1. (music) si, a syllable used in seventh note of a major scale
Coordinate terms

Etymology 3

Akin to the first part of Old Norse síþráðr.

Noun

si n (definite singular siet, uncountable)

  1. (collective, nautical, dated) tatters of rope used to stop leakage

Etymology 4

Doublet of side.

Noun

si ?

  1. Used only idiomatically in the prepositional phrase på si.

Etymology 5

Clipping of sidan.

Adverb

si

  1. (dialectal) since
  2. (dialectal) ago
  3. (dialectal) because, for

References

Anagrams

Old English

Pronunciation

Verb

  1. Alternative form of sīe

Old French

Alternative forms

  • se
  • s' (before a vowel)

Etymology 1

From Latin sic.

Adverb

si

  1. so; thus; in such a way
Descendants
  • French: si
  • Norman: si

Etymology 2

See se.

Conjunction

si

  1. Alternative form of se (if)

Old Galician-Portuguese

Etymology

From Latin sīc (thus; so), from Proto-Indo-European *so (this, that).

Pronunciation

Adverb

si

  1. yes, affirmatively

Descendants

Old High German

Verb

  1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive of wesan

Old Saxon

Pronunciation

Article

si

  1. feminine nominative singular of

Declension

Pali

Etymology 1

Inherited from Sanskrit शी (śī).

Root

si

  1. to lie down
Derived terms
Verbs

Etymology 2

Inherited from Sanskrit श्रि (śri).

Root

si

  1. to rest on
Usage notes

The initial consonant tends to geminate after prefixes.

Derived terms
Verbs
Non-present participles, gerundives, absolutives and infinitives
Nouns

Etymology 3

Inherited from Sanskrit सि (si)

Root

si

  1. to bind
Derived terms

Papiamentu

Etymology 1

From Spanish si and Portuguese se and Kabuverdianu si.

Conjunction

si

  1. if
  2. when

Etymology 2

From Spanish and Portuguese sim and Kabuverdianu si.

Adverb

si

  1. yes

Portuguese

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -i
  • Hyphenation: si

Etymology 1

From Old Galician-Portuguese si, from Latin sibi, from Proto-Indo-European *sébʰye, dative of *swé (self). Cognate with French soi, Italian , Spanish .

Alternative forms

Pronoun

si (reflexive)

  1. (following a preposition) oneself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, yourselves, themselves
See also
Portuguese personal pronouns (edit)
Number Person Nominative
(subject)
Accusative
(direct object)
Dative
(indirect object)
Prepositional Prepositional
with com
Non-declining
m f m f m and f m f m f m f
Singular First eu me mim comigo
Second tu te ti contigo você
o senhor a senhora
Third ele ela o
(lo, no)
a
(la, na)
lhe ele ela com ele com ela o mesmo a mesma
se si consigo
Plural First nós nos nós connosco (Portugal)
conosco (Brazil)
a gente
Second vós vos vós convosco, com vós vocês
os senhores as senhoras
Third eles elas os
(los, nos)
as
(las, nas)
lhes eles elas com eles com elas os mesmos as mesmas
se si consigo
Indefinite se si consigo

Etymology 2

From Latin Sancte Iohannes (Saint John) in the hymn for St. John the Baptist.

Noun

si m (plural sis)

  1. si (musical note)
Coordinate terms

Etymology 3

Conjunction

si

  1. Eye dialect spelling of se, representing Brazil Portuguese.

Etymology 4

Possibly borrowed from Spanish or a clipping of sim.

Interjection

si

  1. (Rio Grande do Sul, informal, Internet slang) yes (affirmative answer)
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:sim

Quapaw

Etymology

Cognate with Assiniboine sihá, Dakota sihá, Lakota , Omaha-Ponca si, Hidatsa icí, Crow iché.

Noun

si

  1. foot

Romagnol

Pronunciation

  • (Central Romagnol): IPA(key):

Etymology 1

Inherited from Latin sĕx (six).

Numeral

si m

  1. six
    Uj vö si dè.
    It takes six days.

Etymology 2

From the initial letters of Sancte + Iohannes, of the seventh verse of the hymn Ut queant laxis.

Noun

si m (plural si)

  1. Si (musical note)

Etymology 3

Inherited from Latin sēbum (tallow).

Noun

si m (plural si)

  1. tallow

References

Masotti, Adelmo (1996) Vocabolario Romagnolo Italiano [Romagnol-Italian dictionary] (in Italian), Bologna: Zanichelli, pages 584, 585

Romani

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb

si

  1. to be
  2. there be
  3. Used before an accusative personal pronoun to indicate possession.
    Si la kale bala.
    She has black hair.

Usage notes

  • The personal pronoun is often omitted when si is used to mean "to be".
  • When a noun indicates the possessor, si follows the accusative case of the noun.

Conjugation

Derived terms

References

  • Yūsuke Sumi (2018) ニューエクスプレスプラス ロマ(ジプシー)語 [New Express Plus Romani (Gypsy)] (in Japanese), Tokyo: Hakusuisha, published 2021, →ISBN, →OCLC, page 71

Romanian

Etymology

From Italian si.

Pronunciation

Noun

si m (plural si)

  1. (music) si (musical note B)

Declension

Romansch

Alternative forms

  • (Sutsilvan, Surmiran) sen, se
  • (Puter, Vallader)

Etymology

From Vulgar Latin, Late Latin root sūsum, from Latin sūrsum.

Adverb

si

  1. (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan) up, upward, upwards

Sassarese

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Latin se (him-, her-, it-, themselves, reflexive third-person pronoun). Cognate with Italian si, Portuguese si and se.

Alternative forms

Pronoun

si

  1. (reflexive) oneself, himself, herself, itself, themselves
    La camìsgia si la pònini li manniAdults wear shirts (literally, “The adults put the shirt on themselves”)
  2. (reciprocal pronoun) each other, one another
    Eddi s'àmaniThey love each other
  3. (indefinite) one, you, we, they, people
    Lu zipressu si dizi "àiburu di campusantu"The cypress is called "graveyard tree"

Etymology 2

From Latin , from Proto-Italic *sei (so, thus) used in parataxis, likely via the meaning "in this" as the locative singular of Proto-Indo-European *só (this, that).

Conjunction

si

  1. if
    Si lu sai, dìmmiru!If you know, tell me! (literally, “If you know it, tell it to me!”)

References

  • Rubattu, Antoninu (2006) Dizionario universale della lingua di Sardegna, 2nd edition, Sassari: Edes

Savi

Etymology

From Sanskrit सेतु (setu).

Noun

si

  1. bridge

References

  • Nina Knobloch (2020) A grammar sketch of Sauji: An Indo-Aryan language of Afghanistan, Stockholm University

Serbo-Croatian

Pronunciation

Pronoun

si (Cyrillic spelling си)

  1. (reflexive) Replaces the dative of a personal pronoun when the subject is of the same person as the dative object; to oneself (clitic dative singular of sȅbe (oneself))
    1. to myself
    2. to yourself
    3. to himself, herself, itself
    4. to ourselves
    5. to yourselves
    6. to themselves
  2. (reflexive, emphatic, possessive, dative) one's, of oneself (clitic dative singular of sebe (one))
    Kako li je samo zaboravio gdje si je parkirao auto?
    Just how did he forget where he parked his car?

Declension

Verb

si (Cyrillic spelling си)

  1. second-person singular present of bȉti

Slovak

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *esi.

Pronunciation

Verb

si

  1. second-person singular present of byť
    (you) are, (thou) art

Pronoun

si

  1. replaces the dative of a personal pronoun when the subject is of the same person as the dative object; roughly comparable with “to oneself” or “for oneself”
    Synonym: sebe
    Kupujem si topánky.I am buying myself shoes.
    Komu kupuješ topánky? Sebe.Whom are you buying the shoes for? For myself.

Further reading

  • si”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Slovene

Pronunciation 1

Verb

  1. second-person singular present of bíti

Pronunciation 2

Pronoun

si

  1. dative singular of sébe

Spanish

Etymology

From Latin si (if).

Pronunciation

Conjunction

si

  1. if

Derived terms

See also

Further reading

Sumerian

Romanization

si

  1. Romanization of 𒋛

Swahili

Pronunciation

Verb

si

  1. negative present (all persons, numbers, and classes) of -wa (to not be)

-si

  1. negative relative stem of -wa, -wapo, -wako, or -wamo
    mtu asiye na maarifaa person without knowledge

Tagalog

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Proto-Austronesian *si. Compare Bikol Central si, Cebuano si, Gorontalo ti, Hiligaynon si, Ilocano si, Kapampangan i, Pangasinan si, and Waray-Waray si.

Article

si (plural sina, Baybayin spelling ᜐᜒ)

  1. direct marker placed before names or terms of address of people
    Tumakbo si Juan.
    Juan ran.
    Dinala nila si Tatay sa ospital.
    They brought Father to the hospital.
  2. direct marker placed before an adjective used to refer to a person with those distinct characteristics
    Nandiyan na si taba.Fatso is there.
Alternative forms
See also

Etymology 2

Borrowed from English cee, the English name of the letter C/c.

Noun

si (Baybayin spelling ᜐᜒ)

  1. the name of the Latin-script letter C/c, in the Filipino alphabet
    Synonym: (in the Abecedario) ce
See also

Further reading

  • si”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018

Ternate

Adverb

si

  1. first, firstly

References

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001). A Descriptive Study of the Language of Ternate, the Northern Moluccas, Indonesia. University of Pittsburgh.

Tok Pisin

Etymology

From English sea.

Noun

si

  1. sea
  2. waves; breakers; swells

Turkish

Etymology

From Italian si

Pronunciation

Noun

si (definite accusative siyi, plural siler)

  1. (music) si (musical note B)

Vietnamese

Etymology

From Proto-Vietic *ɟ-riː, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *ɟriiʔ; cognate with Bahnar jri, Khmer ជ្រៃ (crɨy), Khasi jri, Old Mon jrey.

Pronunciation

Noun

(classifier cây) si

  1. certain members of the Mallotus and Ficus genera

Volapük

Interjection

si

  1. yes
    • 1932, Arie de Jong, Leerboek der Wereldtaal, page 19:
      Cils äbinons-li i pö zäl et? Si! elogob us tumis.
      Were there children at that party as well? Yes, I've seen hundreds of them there.

Walloon

Etymology

From Old French, from Latin si (if).

Pronunciation

Conjunction

si

  1. if

Welsh

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Noun

si m (plural sïon, not mutable)

  1. murmur, hum
  2. rumour

Yoruba

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

IPA(key): /sí/

Noun

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter S/s.

See also

Etymology 2

Preposition

  1. to, at, toward (used when movement is implied)

See also

Etymology 3

Compare with Itsekiri sín

Verb

  1. (intransitive) to be far, to be distant

Etymology 4

Verb

  1. (intransitive) Negative form of

Etymology 5

Conjunction

  1. and
Usage notes

is solely used to join verbs/sentences and not nouns, for which àti is used. Additionally, when is used, the subject of each verb must be specified.

  1. Mo jó, mo kọ́ ẹ̀kọ́, mo kọ lẹ́tà. – I danced, studied, and wrote a letter.
  2. Wọn kò fẹ́ ṣiṣẹ́, wọn kò fẹ́ ṣeré. – They don't want to work or play.

Zhuang

Etymology

From Chinese (shì).

Pronunciation

Noun

si (1957–1982 spelling si)

  1. city
    Nanzningz Si
    Nanning City

Zou

Etymology

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-hjwəj-t (blood). Cognates include Nuosu (sy) and Burmese သွေး (swe:).

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. blood

Verb

  1. (intransitive) to die

References

  • Lukram Himmat Singh (2013) A Descriptive Grammar of Zou, Canchipur: Manipur University, pages 40, 47