zebra

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English

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Zebra

Etymology

1600; borrowed from Italian zebra, from Portuguese zebra, zebro (zebra), from Old Galician-Portuguese enzebro, ezebra, azebra (wild ass), from earlier cebrario (882), ezebrario (897), from Vulgar Latin *eciferus, from Latin equiferus (wild horse) (Pliny), from equus (horse) + ferus (wild).(Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

While the word was traditionally pronounced with a long vowel in the first syllable in standard English, during the twentieth century a vowel shift occurred in regions of England, with the shortening of the first vowel. This pronunciation is now used throughout the UK and most Commonwealth nations. The long-vowel pronunciation remains standard in Canadian and American English.

(referee): In reference to the black and white striped shirts they wear.

Pronunciation

  • (UK, Commonwealth) IPA(key): /ˈzɛbɹə/
    • Audio (UK):(file)
    • Hyphenation: zeb‧ra
  • (Canadian, US and traditional British English) IPA(key): /ˈziːbɹə/
    • Audio (US):(file)
    • Hyphenation: ze‧bra
  • Rhymes: (UK, Commonwealth) -ɛbɹə, -iːbɹə

Noun

zebra (plural zebra or zebras)

  1. Any of three species of subgenus Hippotigris: E. grevyi, E. quagga, or E. zebra, all with black and white stripes and native to Africa.
  2. (sports, slang) A referee.
  3. (medicine, slang) An unlikely diagnosis, especially for symptoms probably caused by a common ailment. (Originates in the advice often given to medical students: "when you hear hoofbeats, think of horses, not zebras".)
  4. (medicine, by extension) Someone who has Ehlers-Danlos syndrome or hypermobility spectrum disorder
    • 2020, Pharmaceutical Technology:
      EDS charities around the world use a zebra logo to promote the idea that sometimes it really is that ‘rare’ condition.
    • 2022 December 24, CNN:
      “I was told in medical school, ‘when you hear hoofbeats think horses, not zebras,’” she says. Many trainee doctors receive the same advice – when a patient presents with symptoms, “look for the common thing.” That’s why EDS patients commonly refer to themselves as zebras – and also use the fabulous collective noun “dazzle.” The name represents rarity and evokes the stripy stretch marks that are a common feature on EDS skin.
  5. (vulgar, derogatory, slang, ethnic slur) A biracial person, specifically one born to a Sub-Saharan African person and a white person.
    • 2021 April 10, Alex Clark, “‘I’m 51, I can say what I want’: Leone Ross has overcome her fears”, in The Guardian:
      “People change countries for all kinds of reasons,” Ross tells me. “But at least one of them was that she had this light-skinned, mixed-race child who had already been called a zebra at school.”
  6. (informal) A fish, the zebra cichlid.
  7. Any of various papilionid butterflies of the subgenus Paranticopsis of the genus Graphium, having black and white markings.
  8. A zebra crossing.
    • 2010, Mick Herron, Slow Horses, page 247:
      On his way home he'd picked up two economy-sized bags of tortilla chips, and had dropped both when a twat in a Lexus honked him on a zebra . . .

Usage notes

  • (biracial person): The term zebra, as used in its pejorative sense, was popularized on the television situation comedy The Jeffersons. The term was used by the series protagonist, George Jefferson (Sherman Hemsley), to express disdain for his daughter-in-law, Jenny Willis Jefferson, whose father was white and mother was black.

Hyponyms

Derived terms

Translations

See also

References

  1. ^ Wells, John (1997) “Our changing pronunciation”, in Transactions of the Yorkshire Dialect Society, retrieved 6 February 2014, pages xix.42-48

Anagrams

Basque

Etymology

Borrowed from Spanish cebra.

Pronunciation

 
  • IPA(key): (most dialects) /s̻ebra/
  • IPA(key): (Biscayan) /s̺ebra/

  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -ebra
  • Hyphenation: ze‧bra

Noun

zebra anim

  1. zebra

Declension

Derived terms

Further reading

  • zebra”, in Euskaltzaindiaren Hiztegia [Dictionary of the Basque Academy], Euskaltzaindia
  • zebra”, in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia [General Basque Dictionary], Euskaltzaindia, 1987–2005

Catalan

Catalan Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ca

Etymology

Inherited from Old Catalan atzebra, from Old Galician-Portuguese *ezevra, *ezevro.

Pronunciation

Noun

zebra f (plural zebres)

  1. zebra

Derived terms

Further reading

Cebuano

Etymology

Borrowed from English zebra, from Italian zebra, from Portuguese zebra, zebro (zebra), from Old Galician-Portuguese enzebro, ezebra, azebra (wild ass), from earlier cebrario (882), ezebrario (897), from Vulgar Latin *eciferus, from Latin equiferus (wild horse) (Pliny), from equus (horse) + ferus (wild).

Noun

zebra

  1. a zebra; any of three species of genus Equus: E. grevyi, E. quagga, or E. zebra, all with black and white stripes and native to Africa
  2. a pattern or motif similar to the stripes of a zebra
  3. (informal) an animal with zebra-like stripes

Corsican

Etymology

From Portuguese zebra (wild horse), from zebro, from Old Galician-Portuguese zevro, from *ezevro, from Vulgar Latin *eciferus, from Latin *equiferus, from equus (horse) + ferus (wild).

Pronunciation

Noun

zebra f (plural zebre)

  1. Alternative form of zebru

References

Crimean Tatar

Etymology

Probably from Russian зебра (zebra), from Italian zebra

Noun

zebra

  1. zebra
    Synonym: qaşqalı at

Declension

References

Czech

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Pronunciation

Noun

zebra f

  1. zebra

Declension

Derived terms

Further reading

  • zebra in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • zebra in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Noun

zebra c (singular definite zebraen, plural indefinite zebraer)

  1. zebra

Declension

Dutch

Drie zebra's. — Three zebras (sense 1).
Een zekere zebra in Londen. — A certain zebra crossing in London.

Etymology

Borrowed from Portuguese zebra, from Old Galician-Portuguese enzebro, ezebra, azebra (wild ass), from earlier cebrario (882), ezebrario (897), from Vulgar Latin *eciferus, from Latin equiferus (wild horse). The second sense is a shortening of zebrapad.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈzeː.braː/
  • Audio:(file)
  • Hyphenation: ze‧bra

Noun

zebra m (plural zebra's, diminutive zebraatje n)

  1. A zebra, a black-and-white striped equid of the genus Equus; Equus zebra, Equus quagga or Equus grevyi.
  2. A zebra crossing, a pedestrian crossing.
    Synonym: zebrapad

Hypernyms

Hyponyms

Derived terms

Esperanto

Etymology

From zebro (zebra) +‎ -a.

Adjective

zebra (accusative singular zebran, plural zebraj, accusative plural zebrajn)

  1. zebrine, hippotigrine

Hypernyms

Hungarian

Zebra .
Zebra .

Pronunciation

Noun

zebra (plural zebrák)

  1. (biology) zebra (animal)
  2. (road transport) pedestrian crossing, crosswalk, zebra crossing

Declension

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative zebra zebrák
accusative zebrát zebrákat
dative zebrának zebráknak
instrumental zebrával zebrákkal
causal-final zebráért zebrákért
translative zebrává zebrákká
terminative zebráig zebrákig
essive-formal zebraként zebrákként
essive-modal
inessive zebrában zebrákban
superessive zebrán zebrákon
adessive zebránál zebráknál
illative zebrába zebrákba
sublative zebrára zebrákra
allative zebrához zebrákhoz
elative zebrából zebrákból
delative zebráról zebrákról
ablative zebrától zebráktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
zebráé zebráké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
zebráéi zebrákéi
Possessive forms of zebra
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. zebrám zebráim
2nd person sing. zebrád zebráid
3rd person sing. zebrája zebrái
1st person plural zebránk zebráink
2nd person plural zebrátok zebráitok
3rd person plural zebrájuk zebráik

Synonyms

Derived terms

(Compound words):

Further reading

  • zebra in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Indonesian

Noun

zebra (first-person possessive zebraku, second-person possessive zebramu, third-person possessive zebranya)

  1. zebra
  2. zebra walk

Italian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): */ˈd͡zɛ.bra/
  • Rhymes: -ɛbra
  • Hyphenation: zè‧bra

Noun

zebra f (plural zebre)

  1. zebra
  2. (in the plural, informal) zebra crossing/crosswalk

Kashubian

Zebra.

Etymology

Borrowed from Polish zebra.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈzɛbra/
  • Rhymes: -ɛbra
  • Syllabification: ze‧bra

Noun

zebra f

  1. zebra (striped mammal of the genus Equus)

References

  • Eùgeniusz Gòłąbk (2011) “zebra”, in Słownik Polsko-Kaszubski / Słowôrz Pòlskò-Kaszëbsczi

Ladin

Noun

zebra f (plural zebres)

  1. zebra

Latin

Pronunciation

Noun

zebra f (genitive zebrae); first declension

  1. (New Latin) zebra (Equus zebra)

Declension

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative zebra zebrae
Genitive zebrae zebrārum
Dative zebrae zebrīs
Accusative zebram zebrās
Ablative zebrā zebrīs
Vocative zebra zebrae

Latvian

 zebra on Latvian Wikipedia
Zebra

Etymology

Possibly ultimately from a Congolese name for the animal, via Portuguese, via some other European language. Possibly also ultimately from Latin equiferus (wild horse), via Portuguese and/or Italian.

Pronunciation

Noun

zebra f (4th declension)

  1. zebra (esp. Equus zebra)

Declension

Polish

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl
zebry (#1)
zebra (#2)

Etymology

Borrowed from French zèbre.

Pronunciation

Noun

zebra f

  1. zebra (any equid of the subgenus Hippotigris)
  2. (colloquial) crosswalk, pedestrian crossing, zebra crossing (pedestrian crossing featuring broad white stripes)
    Synonyms: pasy, przejście dla pieszych
  3. black and white striped pattern

Declension

nouns

Descendants

  • Kashubian: zebra

Further reading

  • zebra in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • zebra in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt
zebra (Equus quagga antiquorum) (sense 1)
zebra (sense 5)
zebra (sense 6)
zebra (sense 9)

Etymology 1

From zebro, from Old Galician-Portuguese zebro, ezebro (European wild ass), from Vulgar Latin *eciferus, from Latin equiferus (wild horse), from equus (horse) + ferus (wild). Compare Spanish cebra.

Senses 2 and 3 of the word comes from the popular Brazilian betting game jogo do bicho, in which the animal is absent, therefore it is unlikely that a zebra will be drawn.

Pronunciation

 

  • Hyphenation: ze‧bra

Noun

zebra f (plural zebras)

  1. zebra
  2. (Brazil, slang) A victorious competitor initially thought unlikely to win, especially in sports; an underdog
    Synonym: azarão
    Aquele time ganhou quando todo mundo pensou que ele iria perder, mas que zebra!
    That team won when everyone else thought they were going to lose, what an underdog!
  3. (Brazil, slang) an unexpected result in a competition
  4. (Brazil, derogatory) idiot, stupid
    Synonym: burro
  5. (Brazil, informal) prison uniform
  6. (Portugal, informal) zebra crossing
  7. (Portugal, informal) vice, a bad habit
  8. (Beira) a type of lanky spinning top
  9. (motor racing) curb (line of flat curbstones on the corners of racing tracks)
  10. zebra pattern
  11. (obsolete) cow
Usage notes
  • The gender of this Portuguese word is always feminine. When the gender of the being itself must be specified, use “zebra-macho” for male, and “zebra-fêmea” for female.
Quotations

For quotations using this term, see Citations:zebra.

Derived terms
Descendants

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation

 

  • Hyphenation: ze‧bra

Verb

zebra

  1. inflection of zebrar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further reading

Serbo-Croatian

Pronunciation

Noun

zȅbra f (Cyrillic spelling зе̏бра)

  1. zebra

Declension

Slovene

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /zèːbra/, /zéːbra/

Noun

zẹ̄bra f

  1. zebra

Inflection

The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Feminine, a-stem
nom. sing. zébra
gen. sing. zébre
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
zébra zébri zébre
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
zébre zéber zéber
dative
(dajȃlnik)
zébri zébrama zébram
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
zébro zébri zébre
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
zébri zébrah zébrah
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
zébro zébrama zébrami

Further reading

  • zebra”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Spanish

Noun

zebra f (plural zebras)

  1. Obsolete spelling of cebra.

Further reading

Swedish

Swedish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sv

Alternative forms

Noun

zebra c

  1. zebra

Declension

Declension of zebra 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative zebra zebran zebror zebrorna
Genitive zebras zebrans zebrors zebrornas

References

Turkish

Etymology

Borrowed from Italian zebra.

Pronunciation

Noun

zebra (definite accusative zebrayı, plural zebralar)

  1. zebra

Declension

Inflection
Nominative zebra
Definite accusative zebrayı
Singular Plural
Nominative zebra zebralar
Definite accusative zebrayı zebraları
Dative zebraya zebralara
Locative zebrada zebralarda
Ablative zebradan zebralardan
Genitive zebranın zebraların