salvage

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English

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈsælvɪd͡ʒ/
  • (file)

Etymology 1

From Old French salver (see also save, from a variant form), from Late Latin salvare (to make safe, secure, save), from Latin salvus (safe) with the English suffix -age.

Noun

salvage (countable and uncountable, plural salvages)

  1. The rescue of a ship, its crew and passengers or its cargo from a hazardous situation.
  2. The ship, crew or cargo so rescued.
  3. The compensation paid to the rescuers.
  4. The money from the sale of rescued goods.
  5. The similar rescue of property liable to loss; the property so rescued.
    • 1943 March and April, “A British Avalanche Shelter”, in Railway Magazine, page 80:
      [...] the debris was hurled down the hillside on to the line and swept the engine off the track and into the sea; the engine in question, ex-Cambrian 0-6-0 No. 874, was not considered to be worth salvage, and was abandoned.
  6. (sometimes attributive) Anything put to good use that would otherwise have been wasted, such as damaged goods.
    salvage cars auction
Derived terms
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb

salvage (third-person singular simple present salvages, present participle salvaging, simple past and past participle salvaged)

  1. (transitive, of property, people or situations at risk) to rescue.
    • 2011 September 13, Sam Lyon, “Borussia Dortmund 1 - 1 Arsenal”, in BBC:
      Robin van Persie looked to have secured the points for the Gunners with a fine goal from Theo Walcott's through ball. But Perisic dipped a sublime 20-yard shot home to salvage a draw.
  2. (transitive, of discarded goods) to put to use.
    • 1946 January and February, “Notes and News: Demolition of Rhydyfelin Viaduct”, in Railway Magazine, page 52:
      During the war, but unrecorded because of the requirements of censorship, a link with the now partly-abandoned Cardiff Railway disappeared with the demolition of Rhydyfelin Viaduct, near Treforest, South Wales, in the latter part of 1942. The steelwork in this structure, amounting to nearly 1,150 tons, was salvaged as scrap metal to assist the war effort.
  3. (transitive) To make new or restore for the use of being saved.
Derived terms
Translations
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Related terms

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun

salvage (plural salvages)

  1. Obsolete spelling of savage.
    • 1697, Virgil, “The Third Book of the Æneis”, in John Dryden, transl., The Works of Virgil: Containing His Pastorals, Georgics, and Æneis. , London: Jacob Tonson, , →OCLC, page 292, lines 855–856:
      Cornels, and ſalvage Berries of the Wood, / And Roots and Herbs have been my meagre Food.

Etymology 3

Borrowed from Spanish salvaje, from Catalan salvatge, from Late Latin *salvāticus, alteration of Latin silvāticus (wild, literally of the woods). Confused false friends; English salvage and Tagalog salbahe (mischievous, naughty).

Noun

salvage (plural salvages)

  1. (Philippines) Summary execution, extrajudicial killing.

Verb

salvage (third-person singular simple present salvages, present participle salvaging, simple past and past participle salvaged)

  1. (Philippines) To perform summary execution.
  2. (Philippines) To apprehend and execute (a suspected criminal) without trial.

References

  1. ^ Ocampo, Ambeth R. (2011 April 6) “History in words”, in (Please provide the book title or journal name), Philippine Daily Inquirer
  2. ^ Lacaba, Jose (1995 August 3) “Salvage”, Carabeef Lengua, in Manila Times
  3. ^ salvage, v.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, June 2015.

Further reading

Anagrams

Cebuano

Etymology

Borrowed from English salvage.

Noun

salvage

  1. summary execution, extrajudicial killing

Verb

salvage

  1. to perform summary execution

Middle English

Noun

salvage

  1. Alternative form of savage

Old French

Adjective

salvage m (oblique and nominative feminine singular salvage)

  1. Alternative form of sauvage

Declension

Tagalog

Etymology

Unadapted borrowing from English salvage. Possibly semantically influenced by Spanish salvaje (savage).

Pronunciation

Noun

salvage (Baybayin spelling ᜐᜎ᜔ᜊᜒᜌ᜔ᜇ᜔ᜐ᜔)

  1. (colloquial, euphemistic) summary execution, extrajudicial killing

Further reading

  • salvage”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018