viral

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See also: viŕål

English

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology

virus +‎ -al

Pronunciation

  • enPR: vī′rəl, IPA(key): /ˈvaɪɹəl/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪɹəl

Adjective

viral (not comparable)

  1. (virology) Of or relating to a biological virus.
    viral DNA
  2. (virology) Caused by a virus.
    viral infection
  3. (computing) Of the nature of an informatic virus; able to spread copies of itself to other computers.
  4. (advertising and marketing) Spread by word of mouth, with minimal intervention in order to create buzz and interest.
    • 2003, William Gibson, Pattern Recognition (Bigend cycle; book 1), New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, →ISBN, page 85:
      “Efficient way to disseminate information? I don't think.”
      “But it is,” Cayce insists. “The model's viral. ‘Deep niche.’ The venues would be carefully selected—”
    • 2018 November 14, Jesse Hassenger, “Disney Goes Viral with an Ambitious, Overstuffed Wreck-It Ralph Sequel”, in The A.V. Club, archived from the original on 21 November 2019:
      Still, the movie [Ralph Breaks the Internet] manages to locate some gentle satire in our culture's love-hate relationship with the internet. At one point, Ralph must attain a certain level of viral popularity, assisted by the BuzzFeed-esque content guru Yesss (Taraji P. Henson), and the movie is savvy about how accidental spikes in fame can turn into cynical algorithm manipulation.
  5. (social media) Circulated rapidly and widely from one user to another.
    • 2021 March 24, Charlie Warzel, quoting Anil Dash, “What Are You Paying for When You Buy a GIF for $25,000?”, in The New York Times, →ISSN:
      The end game of that is the GoFundMe link posted beneath a viral tweet so they can pay for their health care. Being an influencer sounds fun until it’s ‘keep producing viral content to literally stay alive.’

Synonyms

Derived terms

Translations

Noun

viral (plural virals)

  1. (marketing) A video, image or text spread by "word of mouth" on the internet or by e-mail for humorous, political or marketing purposes.
    • 2002, Nik Lever, Flash Mx Games: ActionScript for Artists, Focal Press, page 411,
      Using the Flash ActiveX control in this way allows you as a developer to create desktop characters, email virals and screensavers.
    • 2003, Dave Chaffey, Total E-Mail Marketing, Elsevier, page 2,
      ost virals are not seen as profiling and data collection exercises, since that would kill the impulse of forwarding to a friend.
    • 2005, Russell Evans, Practical DV Filmmaking, Focal Press, page 289,
      Music company virals are becoming commonplace as costs of promos force labels to reconsider how to target more directly to consumers.

Anagrams

Catalan

Pronunciation

Adjective

viral m or f (masculine and feminine plural virals)

  1. viral (of or relating to a biologic virus)
    Synonym: víric
  2. viral (caused by a virus)
    Synonym: víric
  3. viral (spread by word of mouth)

Related terms

Further reading

French

Etymology

From virus +‎ -al.

Pronunciation

Adjective

viral (feminine virale, masculine plural viraux, feminine plural virales)

  1. viral (clarification of this definition is needed)

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Romanian: viral
  • Turkish: viral

Further reading

Anagrams

German

Pronunciation

Adjective

viral (strong nominative masculine singular viraler, not comparable)

  1. viral

Declension

Derived terms

Indonesian

Etymology

From English viral.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key):
  • Hyphenation: vi‧ral

Adjective

viral

  1. viral:
    1. (computing, virology) of or relating to virus; caused by a virus.
    2. (advertising, marketing, social media) circulated rapidly and widely from one user to another.

Synonyms

  • (social media): tular (Standard Malay)

Derived terms

Further reading

Portuguese

Etymology

From ví[rus] +‎ -al. Piecewise doublet of virusal.

Pronunciation

 

  • Rhymes: (Portugal) -al, (Brazil) -aw
  • Hyphenation: vi‧ral

Adjective

viral m or f (plural virais)

  1. (microbiology) viral (relating to viruses)
  2. (medicine, of a disease) viral (caused by a virus)
  3. (Internet) viral (quickly attaining high popularity through word of mouth)

Related terms

References

Romanian

Etymology

Borrowed from French viral. By surface analysis, vir[us] +‎ -al.

Pronunciation

Adjective

viral m or n (feminine singular virală, masculine plural virali, feminine and neuter plural virale)

  1. (biology) viral (relating to viruses)
  2. (medicine, of a disease) viral (caused by a virus)
  3. (Internet) viral (quickly attaining high popularity)

Declension

Synonyms

  • (relating to viruses, caused by a virus): virotic

Related terms

Spanish

Etymology

From virus +‎ -al.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /biˈɾal/
  • Rhymes: -al
  • Syllabification: vi‧ral

Adjective

viral m or f (masculine and feminine plural virales)

  1. viral (of or relating to a biologic virus)
    Synonym: vírico
  2. viral (caused by a virus)
    Synonym: vírico
  3. viral (spread by word of mouth)

Derived terms

Further reading

Turkish

Etymology

Borrowed from French viral.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /viˈɾɑl/
  • Hyphenation: vi‧ral

Adjective

viral

  1. viral

Related terms