po

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English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pəʊ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -əʊ

Etymology 1

From Middle English po (found also in pocock), from Old English pāwa, pēa (“peacock”), from Proto-Germanic *pāwô (peacock), from Latin pāvō. Cognate with Dutch pauw, German Pfau. See also peacock.

Noun

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

po (plural pos)

  1. (obsolete) A peacock.

Etymology 2

A diminutive of pot.

Noun

po (plural pos)

  1. (UK, Australia, New Zealand, colloquial, dated) A chamberpot.
    • 1988, Richard Hoggart, A Local Habitation, 1918-40, Chatto & Windus, →ISBN, page 67,
      Pos’ or ‘chamber pots’ were provided under the beds.
    • 1989, Leonard Woolf, Frederic Spotts (editor), Letters of Leonard Woolf, page 86,
      There are always several spitoons & pos about the room & a loathesome smell of consumption, which I expect I shall catch.
    • 2016, Alan Moore, Jerusalem, Liveright 2016, p. 44:
      Shaking the last few drops from off the end he looked down in surprise at the great head of steam that brimmed above the po, belatedly apprised of just how icy the October garret was.
Synonyms
Descendants
  • Yoruba: póò

Anagrams


Akan

Pronunciation

  • Tone: LL

Verb

po

  1. to bully
    po mo - to bully you

References

  1. ^ Kotey, Paul A. (1998). Twi-English/English-Twi Dictionary. New York: Hippocrene Books. →ISBN

Albanian

Etymology

From Proto-Albanian *apā, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁é (then, at that time) This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.. Compare German ob (if, whether), Dutch of (or, whether, but), English if.

Pronunciation

Particle

po

  1. yes
  2. Used with the present and imperfect tense of a verb to show a continuous action.
    It corresponds to the English "be + gerund" formation.

Amondawa

Verb

po

  1. do (make, work, perform)

References

  • V. da Silva Sinha et al, Event-based time intervals in an Amazonian culture, in Space and Time in Languages and Cultures: Language, Culture, and Cognition

Asaro'o

Alternative forms

  • fo (Molet Kasu, Molet Mur)

Noun

po

  1. water

Further reading


Balkan Romani

Etymology

Borrowed from Macedonian по- (po-) or dialectal Serbo-Croatian.

Particle

po

  1. -er, more; forms comparative adjectives and adverbs.
  2. follows the definite article to form the superlative

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Boretzky, Norbert; Igla, Birgit (1994), “po(-)²”, in Wörterbuch Romani-Deutsch-Englisch für den südosteuropäischen Raum : mit einer Grammatik der Dialektvarianten [Romani-German-English dictionary for the Southern European region] (in German), Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, →ISBN, page 219ab
  2. ^ Ronald Lee (2005), “Lesson eighteen”, in Learn Romani: Das-dúma Rromanes, reprint edition, Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire Press, published 2017, →ISBN, page 269
  3. ^ Marcel Courthiade (2009), “po¹”, in Melinda Rézműves, editor, Morri angluni rromane ćhibǎqi evroputni lavustik = Első rromani nyelvű európai szótáram : cigány, magyar, angol, francia, spanyol, német, ukrán, román, horvát, szlovák, görög [My First European-Romani Dictionary: Romani, Hungarian, English, French, Spanish, German, Ukrainian, Romanian, Croatian, Slovak, Greek] (in Hungarian; English), Budapest: Fővárosi Onkormányzat Cigány Ház--Romano Kher, →ISBN, page 279a
  4. 4.0 4.1 Anna-Maria Meyer (2020), “The Impact of Slavic Languages on Romani”, in Yaron Matras; Anton Tenser, editors, The Palgrave Handbook of Romani Language and Linguistics, Palgrave Macmillan, DOI:10.1007/978-3-030-28105-2_9, →ISBN, pages 277-278
  5. 5.0 5.1 Yūsuke Sumi (2018) ニューエクスプレスプラス ロマ(ジプシー)語 [New Express Plus Romani (Gypsy)] (in Japanese), Tokyo: Hakusuisha, published 2021, →ISBN, OCLC 1267332830, pages 96-97

Bikol Central

Etymology

Borrowed from Tagalog po.

Pronunciation

Particle

  1. (polite) marks respect toward the person the speaker is addressing
    Dagos po kamo.
    Come on in, Sir/Ma'am.
    Ma, maduman po ako sa simbahan.
    Mom, I am going to church.
    Synonym: tabi

Borôro

Noun

po

  1. Synonym of pobo (water)

References


Chickasaw

Pronoun

po

  1. our

Chinese

Etymology

Borrowed from English post.

Pronunciation


Verb

po

  1. (Internet slang) to post
    fbpo朋友受傷 [Cantonese, trad.]
    fbpo朋友受伤 [Cantonese, simp.]
    From:
    fb kwong4 pou1 soeng3-2, pang4 jau5 ji6 sau6 soeng1
    post too many images on Facebook and you might damage your friends

Noun

po

  1. (Internet slang) an Internet post, thread, topic, etc

Derived terms


Cornish

Conjunction

po

  1. or

Czech

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Noun

po

  1. Abbreviation of pondělí (Monday).

Etymology 2

From Old Czech po, from Proto-Slavic *po, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó.

Preposition

po + locative

  1. after

po + accusative

  1. (space, time, scales, lists) up to, for
  2. (dimension) all through

Further reading

  • po in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • po in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch

Etymology

Borrowing from French pot.

Pronunciation

Noun

po m (plural po's, diminutive pootje n)

  1. chamber pot

Descendants

  • Papiamentu:

Anagrams


Esperanto

Esperanto Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia eo

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Russian по (po) and Polish po.

Preposition

po

  1. A grammatical particle used with quantity words to indicate rate or a distributive quantity: each, apiece, at, @
    Mi kudrados ĉiutage po 10 horoj.I will sew 10 hours a day.
    Oni povas nokti po 6 frankoj.You can spend the night for 6 francs (a night).
    La kurso daŭras dum 10 tagoj po 30 minutoj.The course lasts 10 days at 30 minutes (a day).
    La komitato estas rebalotota ĉiun trian jaron po triono.A third of the committee is reelected every third year.
    La gastoj trinkis po (unu) glaseton da vino.The guests each drank one glass of wine.
    Ili ricevis po 5 pomojn.They received 5 apples apiece.
    Elektu al vi po 3 homojn el ĉiu tribo.Choose for yourselves 3 people (apiece) from each tribe.
    Antonym: -ope
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Noun

po (accusative singular po-on, plural po-oj, accusative plural po-ojn)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter P.
See also

Galician

Etymology

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese poo, from Vulgar Latin *pulus, from earlier *pulvus n, from Latin pulvis m, from Proto-Indo-European *pel- (flour, dust). Compare Portuguese . Doublet of polvo, which was borrowed from Spanish polvo.

Pronunciation

Noun

po m (plural pos)

  1. dust
    • 1276, M. Lucas Álvarez; P. Lucas Dominguez (eds.), El monasterio de San Clodio do Ribeiro en la Edad Media: estudio y documentos. Sada / A Coruña: Edicións do Castro, page 375:
      et este pan deue a seer qual o Deus der no logar et seer linpo de palla et de poo, d'eruellada et de mosceyra, et deue a seer ben seco et ben linpo et bõõ pan
      and this grain must be that that God gives at that place, and it must be clean of chaff and dust, of vetch and fodder, and it must be well dry and well clean and good grain
  2. powder
    • 1409, J. L. Pensado Tomé (ed.), Rufus, Jordanus: Tratado de Albeitaria. Santiago de Compostela: Centro Ramón Piñeiro, page 141:
      E Nota que o poo dos collos das abroteas ual mays que todos llos outros, et dos ditos poos deuen vsar nos llugarres neruossos et jntrincados de veas et darterias
      Take note that the powder of the rhizomes of the asphodels has more value than all the rest, and that these powders should be used in places that are nervous and entangled with veins and arteries

Derived terms

References

  • poo” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • poo” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006–2018.
  • po” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • po” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • po” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Guarani

Guaraní Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia gn

Pronunciation

Noun

po (plural pokuéra)

  1. hand

Numeral

po

  1. five

Verb

po

  1. jump

Conjugation


Guinea-Bissau Creole

Etymology 1

From Portuguese pau. Cognate with Kabuverdianu .

Noun

po

  1. tree
  2. stick

Etymology 2

From Portuguese . Cognate with Kabuverdianu puera.

Noun

po

  1. dust

Haitian Creole

Etymology

From French peau (“skin”).

Noun

po

  1. (anatomy) skin

Hausa

Etymology

Probably from French pot.

Pronunciation

Noun

 m (possessed form pôn)

  1. children's toilet

Ido

Etymology

Borrowed from Esperanto poRussian по (po).

Pronunciation

Preposition

po

  1. for, at the price of, in exchange for; per
    Me kompris la domo po quaradek mil euri.I bought the house for forty thousand euros.

Imonda

Noun

po

  1. water

Further reading

  • Walter Seiler, The Main Structures of Imonda (1984)
  • Walter Seiler, Imonda: Papuan Language, page 188: "Another excellent example that illustrates the relational character of -l, is provided by po water. When po is used to refer to general water, rain or creeks it has no -l. When it refers to wound water or coconut water it does end in -l."

Japanese

Romanization

po

  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of

Lithuanian

Etymology

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *pа (after, by); compare Latvian pa-, Old Prussian po (after, by, under), Proto-Slavic *po (after, by, at). From Proto-Indo-European *h₂pó, *h₂epó (away, from). Cognates include Mycenaean Greek 𐀀𐀢 (a-pu, from), Sanskrit अप (ápa, away, off), Old Persian 𐎠𐎱 (a-p /apa/, away), Latin ab (from), Gothic 𐌰𐍆 (af, of). See pa-, pó- for more.

Preposition

  1. (with instrumental case) under, beneath (movement, position)
  2. (with instrumental or genitive case) beside, near, along (movement, position)
  3. (with instrumental or dative case) expresses the direction of movement
    eik dešineigo to the right
  4. (with genitive case) after, following a certain time period, event; after the disappearance or loss of
  5. (with genitive case) expresses gradual progression; one after another
    mẽtai mẽtųyear after year
  6. (with dative case) until, up to a certain time
    Teñ jiẽ gyvẽna ir̃ šiái diẽnaithey live there until this day
  7. (with accusative case) around, throughout the whole of
    keliáuti Europątravel around Europe
  8. (with accusative case) used to express division into equal parts
    vaikaĩ gãvo gãbalą sū́riothe kids got a piece of cheese each
    truputįlittle by little
  9. (with genitive, instrumental or dative case) expresses the manner of an action

Related terms


Lower Sorbian

Preposition

po

  1. Superseded spelling of .

Mandarin

Romanization

po (po5 / po0, Zhuyin ˙ㄆㄛ)

  1. Hanyu Pinyin reading of .

po

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of .
  3. Nonstandard spelling of .
  4. Nonstandard spelling of .

Usage notes

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Middle English

Alternative forms

Etymology

Inherited from Old English pāwa, pēa, from Proto-Germanic *pāwô, from Latin pāvō. Influenced by the first element of Old Norse páfugl.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɔː/, /ˈpau̯(ə)/, /ˈpɛː/
  • (Northern) IPA(key): /ˈpaː/

Noun

po (plural poos)

  1. peacock

Derived terms

Descendants

  • English: pea, po (both archaic)

References


Nupe

Etymology

Cognate to Gbiri-Niragu pobo.

Verb

po

  1. to burn, to roast

References


Paraguayan Guaraní

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Shortened form of japo.

Noun

po

  1. hand

Etymology 2

From po (five fingers).

Numeral

po

  1. five

Etymology 3

Onomatopoeic

Verb

po

  1. to jump

Polish

Etymology

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *po, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó.

Pronunciation

Preposition

po

  1. (+ locative) after (later in time or sequence)
    W piątki po pracy często chodzimy do pubu.On Fridays after work we often go to the pub.
    Cały dzień czyta książkę po książce o polityce.All day long he reads book after book about politics.
  2. (+ accusative) after (in pursuit of)
    Jadą po nas! Zmykajcie!They're coming after us! Scram!
  3. (+ locative) around, about
    Mój brat spędził miesiąc podróżując po Polsce.My brother spent a month travelling around Poland.
  4. (+ locative) past
    Wykłady zaczynają się o kwadrans po ósmej.Lectures begin at quarter past eight.
  5. (+ locative) on
    Kobiety siedzą po prawej stronie, a mężczyźni po lewej.Women sit on the right hand, and men on the left.
  6. (+ locative) for (indicates that a container was previously used for something)
    Co zrobić ze słoikiem po dżemie?What can I do with an empty jam jar?
  7. (+ locative) from
    Tę całą biżuterię odziedziczyłam po matce.I inherited all this jewellery from my mum.
    Od razu rozpoznałem go po grzmiącym głosie.I instantly recognised him from the booming voice.
  8. (+ locative) after (in allusion to), for
    Nazwaliśmy naszego syna po zmarłym wujku.We named our son after his late uncle.
  9. (+ locative) done for (doomed)
    Jest już po tobie, brachu.You're done for, bro.
  10. (+ accusative) for (in order to obtain)
    Musimy pójść do sklepu po mleko.We have to go to the shop for milk.
  11. (+ accusative) up to, as far as
    Woda w piwnicy była po kolana.The water in the cellar was up to our knees.
  12. (+ accusative) in, for, at (denotes a quantity of something)
    Mam trzy zgrzewki po sześć puszek, czyli osiemnaście puszek.I have three multipacks of six cans, i.e. eighteen cans.
    Kupiłem te bilety po 20 złotych, a oferuję je po 10.I bought these tickets for 20 złoty each, but I'm offering them for 10.
  13. (+ historic dative, only with adjectives) according to, in the way of, a la, as
    Jego ulubioną potrawą jest karkówka po cygańsku.His favourite dish is gypsy pork.
    Lubię ją, ale tylko po przyjacielsku.I like her, but only as a friend.
  14. (+ historic dative, only with adjectives) in (the language of)
    Świetnie mówisz po polsku jak na cudzoziemca.You speak great Polish for a foreigner.
    Nie umiem pisać po chińsku.I don't know how to write in Chinese.

Usage notes

  • Dative adjectives that end in -ski for the lemma take the archaic suffix -sku instead of the usual -skiemu when used with this preposition.

Derived terms

Conjunction

po

  1. like
  2. when

Further reading

  • po in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • po in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Rapa Nui

Noun

po

  1. night

Samoan

Noun

po

  1. night

Sardinian

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Latin pro.

Preposition

po

  1. (Campidanese) for

Senggi

Noun

po

  1. water

References


Serbo-Croatian

Etymology 1

From pol, from Proto-Slavic *polъ. See po-.

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Adverb

(Cyrillic spelling по̑)

  1. (Bosnia, Serbia) half
    sat i pohour and a half
    četiri i pofour thirty
    čov(j)ek i poan excellent man

Etymology 2

From Proto-Slavic *po, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂(e)po.

Pronunciation

Preposition

(Cyrillic spelling по̏)

  1. (+ accusative case) for
    otići po ml(ij)ekoto go and get the milk
    po c(ij)eli danall day long
    po šesti putfor the sixth time
    biti štetan po nekoga/neštoto be harmful for sb/sth
    dobro/loše po njegagood/bad for him
  2. (+ locative case) over, through, across, in, on
    udariti po glavito hit on the head
    sn(ij)eg je pao po cestisnow fell on the road
    voda se prolila po poduwater spilled over the floor
    šetati po šumito walk in the woods
  3. (+ locative case) by, with, through (using an intermediary or medium)
    Poslao sam mu paket po zajedničkom prijatelju.I've sent him a package via a mutual friend.
    po zraku/vodiby air/water
  4. (+ locative case) by, according to
    sve ide po planueverything is going according to the plan
    Amerika je prva država po bogatstvu u sv(ij)etu.America is the richest country in the world.
    po glavi stanovnikaper capita
    živ(j)eti po principimato live according to principles
    po mom(e) mišljenjuin my opinion
    po mom računuby my reckoning
    po meniin my opinion; as far as I'm concerned
    svirati po sluhuto play by ear
    suditi po vanjštinito judge by appearance
  5. (+ locative case) after
    po svršetku sukobaafter (the end of) the conflict
  6. (+ locative case) during
    po kiši/suncuin the rain/sun
    po danuduring the day
  7. (+ locative case) in miscellaneous senses in various phrasal constructs
    razum(ij)e se (samo) po sebiit goes without saying
    neka bude po tvomelet it be your way
    jednak po veličiniequal in size
    sve je po staromeverything is/goes in the accustomed/usual manner
    po običajuas usual, according to custom
    po vr(ij)ednostiin value
    po svoj priliciin all likelihood
    po roduby birth
    po naravi/prirodiin nature
    po toj c(ij)eniat this price
    po paragrafu 13under section 13
    po što po toby all means
    po mogućnostiif possible
    po reduin order, one after another
    po mom ukusu(according) to my taste
    po kvalitetiby quality
    po tomeaccording to this/that, accordingly, consequently, then
    po zakonuaccording to the law, by the law
    po duljinilengthwise

Etymology 3

Particle

po (Cyrillic spelling по)

  1. (+ accusative case or nominative case) denoting distribution and succession; by, per, each, apiece
    Popili smo svi po čašicu rakije.We all drank a glass of rakija each.
    korak po korakstep by step
    jedan po jedanone by one
    triput po satuthree times per hour
    Svi smo dobili po jabuku.Each of us received an apple.

References

  • po” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • po” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovene

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *po.

Pronunciation

Preposition

po

  1. (with locative) around, about
  2. (with locative) along, through (the length of)
  3. according to
  4. (with accusative) in the manner of
  5. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Spanish

Etymology

From pues.

Interjection

po

  1. (colloquial, Chile) emphatical
    ¡Si po!Yes, of course!
    ¡Ya, po!Come on!
    Synonym: pues

Usage notes

Always used at the end of a sentence.


Swahili

Pronunciation

Particle

po

  1. definite / specific locative class suffix, definite place indicator
    tupo shuleniwe are (there) at the school

Inflection

See also

  • ko: indefinite place indicator
  • mo: "inside" of a definite place indicator

Tagalog

Etymology

From a clipping of p'oon (lord), a contraction of panginoon (lord). Compare Malay empu, Indonesian empu, Old Javanese mpu.

Pronunciation

Particle

(Baybayin spelling ᜉᜓ)

  1. marks respect toward the person the speaker is addressing
    Tuloy po kayo.Come on in, Sir/Ma'am.
    Pupunta po ako sa simbahan, Inay.I am going to church, Mother.
    Synonym: ho
Usage notes

The word po is more formal and polite than ho.

Derived terms

Further reading

References

  1. ^ Potet, Jean-Paul G. (2016) Tagalog Borrowings and Cognates, Lulu Press, →ISBN, page 139

Tapachultec

Etymology

Lehmann considers the possibility of a connection to Zoque words for "white" (poopo).

Noun

po

  1. moon

Usage notes

  • This is the form Lehmann says is given in the Sapper-Ricke wordlists; the form given in Johnston's vocabulary is poot.

References

  • Walter Lehmann, Über die Stellung und Verwandtschaft der Subtiaba-Sprache der pazifischen Küste Nicaraguas und über die Sprache von Tapachula in Südchiapas (1915), Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 47, presenting the wordlists of Karl Sapper, Ricke, and Amado Johnston.

Tewa

Noun

póː (high tone)

  1. moon

Noun

pòː (low tone)

  1. water

Noun

pǒː (gliding tone)

  1. trail, road

References

  • Marianne Mithun, The Languages of Native North America
  • John Peabody Harrington, The Ethnogeography of the Tewa Indians
  • My Life in San Juan Pueblo: Stories of Esther Martinez (uses the spelling pˀoe, and mentions a fourth meaning, "pumpkin, squash")

Tocharian B

Etymology

From Proto-Tocharian (whence also Tocharian A puk). (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Adjective

po

  1. entire, whole

Determiner

po

  1. each, every, all

Derived terms

Inflection


Umotína

Noun

po

  1. water

References


Volapük

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin post (“behind”).

Preposition

po

  1. behind
    Antonym: fo

See also


Waris

Noun

po

  1. water

References


Western Yugur

Etymology

Relate to Shor по, Khakas пу (pu) Tofa бо, Tuvan бо (bo), Karaim бу , Krymchak бу, Southern Altai бу (bu), Kyrgyz бул (bul), etc.

Pronoun

po

  1. this

White Hmong

Pronunciation

Noun

po

  1. spleen

References

  • John Duffy, Writing from These Roots: Literacy in a Hmong-American Community →ISBN, 2007)

Yoruba

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

Verb

  1. (transitive) to mix, to stir
    ó pọ̀ síbẹ̀.Don't mix it together yet.
  2. (transitive) to beat, to whisk
    Bá mi po ẹyin.Help me beat the eggs.
  3. (transitive) to knead
  4. (transitive) to make warm drinks, baby food, or medicine.
    A gbọ́dọ̀ lo omi gbígbóná nígbà tí a bá fẹ́ po tíì.We must use hot water when we want to make tea.
Usage notes
  • po when followed by a direct object.

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

Verb

  1. to be too small
    awó dára lẹ́yẹ, ṣùgbọ́n orí oThe guinea fowl is a beautiful bird, but it has a very small head